If there is an opportunity to plant watermelons and melons in your garden or backyard, then she must definitely use! Let the fruits not be large, but bahcha will please with a rich harvest. Despite the fact that the ancestors of these plants grew in rather hot conditions of semi-deserts and deserts, these plants like moisture very much. And if in the hot summer to provide them with abundant watering, then the yield can double!
Especially important is watering from the period of germination and before the start of the fruit ovary. The thing is that it was at this time that the roots of the plants did not deepen much yet, and the melons themselves are not able to affect their growth. Melons have a slightly weaker root system than watermelons, so they should be watered more often.
It is important to provide these crops with at least three irrigations: after thinning and the formation of plant density, during the formation of flower buds and mass flowering, as well as at the beginning of the ripening of the fruits themselves. Moisture will need a lot, you need to moisten the soil to a depth of 60 cm. After each watering of melons and watermelons or heavy rain, the plants will be well fed. Stop all watering and feeding is necessary immediately before the ripening of the fruit. If you do not do it in time, the fruits can crack, their sweetness decreases, the taste will deteriorate, as well as their ability to store.
How often water the watermelons?
Watermelons need to be watered throughout the growing season. This procedure should be carried out using warm water, but not too often. The best water temperature for irrigation is +20 degrees. Still very young plants need to be watered directly under the root and try to keep water from falling on the leaves. In dry and hot weather, watermelons should be watered no more than once a week, but heavily. During the flowering period, watering should be increased to 2 times a week. It must be remembered that after the fruits begin to form, watering should be limited, and at the time of ripening of the fruits and stop altogether.
How to water the watermelons?
You can dig a plastic bottle next to the watermelons down with a cap, and make holes in the cap itself. The top of the bottle must be cut, equipping drip irrigation. Water will be absorbed into the ground as needed, and the bottle must be filled as the liquid is consumed.
More watering watermelons love loosening. It is desirable to loosen the soil every week, trying not to damage the root system of plants, not deep. The largest amount of moisture required watermelons at the very beginning of growth and at the time of development of the ovaries.
How to water melons?
Watering melon requires only warm water, the temperature of which is + 22-25 degrees. First, watering is carried out just under the root, in the hole, and in the subsequent time of plant development - in the furrows, which are made along the rows in the rows. If they are watered with cold water, they will stop growing and root rot. Usually watering is carried out in the morning so that the soil warms up well in the evening.
In hot weather, the culture should be watered 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. At the very beginning of flowering, when male flowers form on most of the melons, watering should be drastically reduced, this will speed up the formation of female flowers. At a time when fruits begin to form on the crop, water for each plant requires 3 liters.
How often do I need to water melons? Abundant daily watering need melons at the very beginning of the growth of lashes and fruit set. Since the roots of melons are powerful and go into the ground to a depth of about 10 m, they cannot be watered too much. The roots of excess liquid will rot, and the new ones will begin to grow on the surface, this melon will not be sweet and small. Fruits need a sunny place to grow.
How to care for watermelons and melons?
If melon crops are planted on a small garden plot, then at least 2 kg of humus should be applied to each well, and for each square meter. m plot of 60 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potash fertilizers.
But there may be a situation when it is not possible to perform these manipulations. Then you will need to carry out plant nutrition during their growing season. It is better to do it 1 time in 2 weeks either with mineral fertilizers or with a slurry solution. This is especially important at the very beginning of tying watermelons. At 10 liters of water, 5 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate should be taken, as well as 10 g of superphosphate. The thing is that watermelons have a powerful vegetative mass - many leaves, long stems and very large fruits. Therefore, they just need the nutrients that they get from fertilizing.
An important part of the cultivation of these crops is their chasing. After all, if they throw out the tops of the whole summer, then they simply will not have the strength to grow and form the fruits themselves. In addition, female flowers are formed on the shoots of the 2nd order and after thinning shoots of the 1st order.
Taking this into account, it is necessary to perform the following actions: after the appearance on the first shoot of a culture of 5-6 leaflets, it should be made shorter over the 2nd leaf. Of the other sinuses, two sprouts will begin to grow, which after some time must also be thinned after the formation of the 8th leaflet, thus leaving 6 leaves on the stem. And during the appearance of the ovaries, it is necessary to thin out the top of each lash, leaving 2 leaves above it. When the ovaries are the size of an apple, the weakest ones should be removed.
After the 2nd procedure, scrapping the scourge should be laid on the site so that they do not interfere with each other. Those shoots that do not bear fruit are better to cut at all, so that they do not pull nutrients from the soil and do not thicken the beds.
Abundant watering of melons should be during the growing season, the formation and development of fruits. In the process of ripening the fruit watering is better to stop altogether. It is also necessary to remember about dressings, if you want to achieve good results. Mainly caring for crops such as watermelons and melons is not so difficult, and they give excellent harvest!