Growing peppers in the greenhouse is practiced by many gardeners. But you need to approach this matter with full responsibility and take into account a number of features of plant care. For example, watering. This is an important process that is responsible for the development and growth of pepper.
The culture does not tolerate even a brief drought, so watering should be regular. Lack of moisture will lead to the fall of flowers and reduce the size of the fruit. In order to avoid this, you must follow a number of rules. It is necessary to remember that you can water the pepper only with warm water. To do this, it is enough to heat plain water with a stove, water heater or a fire, and if it is hot outside, you can leave the water tank for several hours in the sun.
If you grow a plant in a greenhouse, then watering it should be carried out in the morning, and pour water at the root, trying not to fall on the leaves. The first watering procedure should be carried out within 5 days after transplanting. At first it is better to moisturize the earth in small portions, and then increase the volume. The soil should be wetted to a depth of 20 cm. Before the start of flowering, pepper will suffice once a week, and during the formation of fruits - 2 or more. But if the weather is hot, then the plant needs additional watering.
In order to avoid overmoistening, the soil under the barrel should be loosened by 5 cm. This procedure will help evaporate excess moisture.
Growing peppers in a greenhouse
- To grow peppers on your own in a greenhouse is not at all difficult, you just need to know some of the features for the care of this crop. Before planting seedlings in the soil, the soil itself needs to be fed, mineral fertilizers are perfect for this, but complex fertilizers can also be used.
- After this procedure, the ground should be shallowly digged or loosened, watered (but not abundantly) and covered with a film for a couple of days, for better digestibility of fertilizers.
- In the middle zone of our country, seedlings can be planted in the 17-20 of May. By the way, they advise her to plant next to cucumbers. Under the seedlings, you need to dig holes every 30 cm and 15 cm deep. On each row you need to make 2 rows in order not to tie up the peppers, they will support each other from falling.
- Even if the soil was fertilized before planting seedlings, just before planting a handful of superphosphate or ash should be put on the bottom of the pit. And if the soil is not enough fertilized, you can add a little humus. These dressings must be mixed with the soil and shed with a pink solution of potassium permanganate or magnetized water.
- Planting peppers is better after dinner, in the evening, along with the earth, aging not to damage the root system of the plant. To deepen the plant should be at the same level at which they were deepened in the pot. Then the land needs to be shed again, but not abundantly. To preserve heat, moisture and to avoid the formation of a crust, the wells can be filled with humus or peat. You can lay out non-woven black material or film, which can be simply folded when watered.
Pepper care in the greenhouse
The temperature in the greenhouse, in which the pepper grows, should range from 25 to 28 degrees during the day and from 14 to 16 degrees at night. If the day temperature drops below 15 degrees, the plant will stop growing, and the flowers will fall. If it becomes cool outside, then the peppers can be covered with foil or material. And if, on the contrary - it is hot, the greenhouse needs to be aired periodically, without creating drafts. At night it should always be closed. By the way, after watering, the garden can be covered with fresh cut grass.
At the time of formation of the peppers do not need to tie up, the bushes themselves support each other. Moreover, those varieties that are recommended for growing in greenhouse conditions do not need this procedure.
Pepper loves the light. If the beds are too thick, the flowers will fall off, which will significantly reduce the number of fruits.
Feeding peppers in the greenhouse
Depending on the growth and development of plants, pepper should be fed 3-5 times. Especially in fertilizer it needs in the period of ripening of fruits. The first top dressing should be made 2 weeks after planting in the soil, for this will go any mineral fertilizer. After another 2 weeks, you need to produce a second dressing, but you need to choose organic fertilizers. These plants love top dressing from finely chopped fresh grass (only without seeds and roots).
It is easy to grow peppers in a greenhouse and care for them. This is able to make even a novice gardener. If the plant has enough light, heat and watering, it will thank you for its rich harvest!