Most gardeners prefer to tie up tomatoes, but not everyone does it right. Tie tomatoes not everywhere. For example, in the south they are grown in huge quantities, not tying, but the yield does not suffer from this.
It turns out that on the stem of tomatoes there are small protrusions that provide tomatoes with proper nutrition. If you stop tying up, they will climb along the ground and get more nutrients. As a result, the plant brings more fruits. But this technique is more suitable for hot climates, in the middle lane, even in greenhouse conditions, the culture is recommended to be tied up.
Garter a tomato in a greenhouse: ways
As a rule, growing to a certain height, the tomatoes break under their weight. During rainy weather, the plant may rot due to contact with the ground. To avoid this, you need to know how to tie up tomatoes in the greenhouse. The most common method is to tie a peg. In accordance with this method, near each bush they drive in a small lath and tie tomatoes to it using a rope (you can take absolutely any). Experienced gardeners recommend using patches from old men's shirts as ties. The shirt fabric contains synthetics, which will not allow the rope to rot under the influence of natural factors. Before the garter material must be boiled to kill possible germs and parasites.
A bush with tomatoes should be tied close to the top of the head, wrapping the rope around the stem and peg 2-3 times, tie a knot. Try not to over-pull the plant, otherwise it will die. As the bush grows, move the rope to the top or take another garter. There is another way to bind the tomatoes in the greenhouse: at the ends of the beds, dig in 2 bars with a diameter of at least 5 cm. Pull the wire between the bars along the planting. Tie a rope at one end over each bush to the wire and loosely attach the stem of the bush with tomatoes to the other end. This method is very convenient, as the culture grows, it will not need to be tied up additionally. Tomatoes themselves will be twisted around the rope and held vertically.
The third way of tying is as follows: hammer into the ground 2 pegs on each side of each row, stretch the wire between them. In this case, the tomatoes rest on the wire and do not fall to the ground.
Garter tomato in the greenhouse: video
How to form tomatoes in the greenhouse?
How to pinch tomatoes in a greenhouse should every gardener know. During growth, tomatoes produce many lateral shoots (stepchildren) that grow from the leaf axils. If these shoots are not removed, they will grow strongly, which will transform the plant into a multi-stem bush with many flowers. Because of this, the tomato will send its strength to the greens, and not to the fruit. Tomatoes are formed by staining. The plant stepson so that they have time to release 7 fruit brushes.
The formation of seedlings is necessary to accelerate the ripening of fruits and increase their size. You will need to remove the shoots stepchildren once in 10 days, preventing them from regrowing more than 5 cm. The shoots are easy to remove: they are pulled down until they break. It is best to form tomatoes in the greenhouse in the morning. You will not get a good harvest without pasynkovka.
Sredneroslye tomatoes reach a height of 0.6 to 1.3 m. On the main stem of the shrub formed 6 inflorescences, its growth stops. As a rule, such tomatoes are grown in 2 stalks. To do this, leave the stepchild, which develops from the leaf bosom. On it, in the future, the fruit is formed. As a result of the correct pinching of a tomato in the greenhouse, your crop will increase by 3 kg from each bush.
There are some rules of pinching, which will help you grow a good crop:
- Plant formation begins only when the bushes are strong and grow vigorously; Pasynki are easily removed when their length has reached 5 cm. Removal is done by hand, leaving a small stump;
- The formation of the bush is carried out in the morning;
- Pasynki need to clean all summer.
- To accelerate ripening, reduce evaporation and improve air exchange, remove the lower leaflets. At the same time you can remove no more than 3 leaves, otherwise, it can lead to deformation of the tomatoes.
- The plant must be helped to pollinate, shaking them a little. It is better to carry out a similar procedure from 9 to 11 am. After shaking, be sure to moisten the soil and tracks in the greenhouse.
Tomatoes are tasty fruits that bring great benefits to the body. To get a rich harvest, you need to know how to tie up and stepchild tomatoes. Without these activities, the tomatoes can grow fine. Correctly forming a culture in the greenhouse and, observing the rules of care, you are guaranteed to get an excellent harvest.