When talking about lilies, imagine a pure and delicate flower. This flower has been known for over a thousand years. It was grown as a food, medicinal, ornamental plant. They were decorated with palaces, temples. Today, the diversity of these plants has become more complicated, and therefore it has become somewhat more difficult to store their bulbs.
At the moment, lilies have become so diverse in shape, color and aroma that they are rightfully assigned one of the main roles in gardening gardens. However, many amateur gardeners do not dare to plant this plant due to the fact that it has a reputation for whims. For many of the representatives of lilies such a name is given fairly. In order to grow and store them, you have to be patient. But not so long ago, varieties (hybrids with very large flowers) with increased resistance to diseases were bred.
How to store lilies in winter?
- In fact, there are many ways to store lilies. Some gardeners, for example, until spring keep planting material in the refrigerator, in a plastic bag with peat, others leave it in a covered ground and throw a snow hill on top. But these options are not yet the limit of the acumen of gardeners.
- Can be adapted for storing flowers basement, refrigerator, cellar.
- The superiority of the refrigerator is that the temperature inside it is always the same. Due to this, the roots of the plant are at rest.
- Lilies can only be stored at a temperature of 0 to 5 degrees. Plant growth at this temperature slows down, and the roots themselves do not freeze. If you purchased thawed onions, do not freeze them again. They have an increased sensitivity to sudden changes in temperature.
- The disadvantage of the refrigerator is that it stores a lot of different products. Some fruits emit gas (etilena), making it difficult for the lilies to breathe.
- If there is no space for planting material in the refrigerator, you can use a cellar or a cellar for storage. But such options are risky, as the temperature conditions in the cellar and basement are not stable.
- Lilies can be left for the winterin the garage, loggia, on the balcony.At the same time, the roots are put in cardboard containers, heat chambers or containers with good thermal insulation. The thickness of the insulation must be made so that the planting material without interference could survive not only the long cold, but also strong 30 degrees of frost. In the storage room for containers with bulbs, check whether heat comes from the floor adjacent to the house wall. On sunny days in glazed rooms the temperature may rise, which may lead to germination of flowers.
- Some gardeners and gardeners store bulbs in open ground.This method will have a positive outcome only when you make a good drainage, dry insulation, moisture resistant coating planting material. Choose a place where there is a lot of snow in winter, high drifts, and in the spring the snow comes off late. The best place for this is on the north side of the house.
- In the autumn, dig a not very deep trench at the established place; reinforce its walls with boards. Find the boards for the cover. The size of the trench should be such that packages with bulbs are included. To prevent the cover from frosting in winter, put a film under it. For thermal insulation, you can use cardboard boxes covered with dry peat. Make good drainage so that in the spring there will not be puddles of melted snow in the storage area.
- In order to stabilize the temperature drops, put plastic bags filled with water in a dug hole next to the flowers. They will be indicators of the state of the bulbs: if the water does not become ice, then the planting stock will not freeze.
How to store lily bulbs?
If you bought (dug) from a lily flower bed, check whether the ground is easily removed from them. Do not need too long to dry the plant. So you break storage conditions. And for planting in the spring need bulbs with succulent scales and healthy roots. By the way, these roots cannot be cut off under any circumstances.
Pour peat into the bag (in the wooden box), place the bulbs in it. Then add more peat, put the next row of bulbs. Leave the dishes with planting material in the refrigerator, basement, loggia, etc.
Check the bulbs several times during the winter. If you find dried roots, scales, urgently irrigate the plant with water. Sometimes molds form on the bulbs. Disinfect them with diluted concentrated potassium permanganate solution (manganese).
You can not leave the lilies in the boxes, and transplanted into peat pots, then transferred to a warmed basement. 2 weeks prior to the landing, remove the peat pots from the basement. Start watering until a sprout germinates. Then plant the plant in the open ground without taking it out of the pots.
In order for the bulbs not to spoil, you need to comply certain storage conditions.
- The place of storage of flowers should not be very dry. In a dry place, they themselves dry out and wrinkle.
- Increased humidity will cause the bulbs to mold and germinate prematurely.
- Watch the temperature. It should not be low (otherwise the bulbs will freeze) and not high (so that the bulbs do not sprout before the prescribed time).
- Be sure to ventilate the storage area well. In an unventilated room, bulbs are exposed to all sorts of diseases, and mold appears on them.
Under the right conditions of storage, all your planting material will remain healthy and will quickly grow after planting. Now you know where and how to store lily bulbs in winter. And you can easily grow the best copies of this gorgeous plant on your site. So, having learned the character of a capricious and obstinate flower, you can easily make friends with it. The result of respect for the bulbs will be the fragrance and wonderful view of your garden.