Indoor orchids are quite capricious plants. This is due to the fact that their homeland - the tropical jungle. It is quite difficult to maintain a regime suitable for a flower in indoor conditions. Improper care can lead to sad consequences. Very often, orchids begin problems with the roots. Do not despair. The withered plant can be reanimated.
Orchid roots rotted: what to do?
In order to understand how to revive a dying plant, you need to understand the causes of problems. Often, the roots are rotting, blame for the wrong care. Orchid loves diffused light. Very often, problems with the root system of orchids begin in the autumn-winter period. Therefore, from September to March you need to carefully care for the plants. With a lack of lighting is to use additional lighting and fitolampy.
If it is not enough, the plant falls into a kind of hibernation. It falls asleep and stops pulling water out of the pot. The result is that the liquid is absorbed into the upper layers of the root system, but does not flow to the leaves. Water stagnation occurs - the flower simply does not pull it further. As a result, the roots begin to rot. After some time, the trunk of an orchid may become bare. The plant may signal that there is something wrong with them in several ways:
- Dried and fading leaves
- Poor growth
In this case, only immediate change of conditions and resuscitation can help and give the flower a second life. The first thing to do is check the roots. Ideally, the shoots should be light in color. From above they are covered with a greenish substance - velamen. The shell performs several functions. It protects the thin long root from various damages and participates in the “nourishment” of the plant. Small nibs are visible to the naked eyes. They absorb water from the substrate.
Pull the flower out of the pot. Wash the substrate from the roots, dry them. In the summer it can be done by putting an orchid on a newspaper for a couple of hours. In winter, the plant dries slower. Do not worry, there will be no harm from long drying.
After the orchid has become dry, you should carefully examine the roots. Their appearance is the best indicator of health. Young shoots should be light white. Should they be placed in water, and they will get a greenish tint. Old roots are light brown. If the shoots are dark, black, then, most likely, they have rotted. Check is very simple: swipe the surface of the spine with your fingers. A rotted appendix may be slippery. Sometimes it falls apart. Inside you can find a long white thread. Resuscitation of an orchid without roots begins with the fact that all the rotten parts are removed. If, as a result, the plant has lost 75-90% of the root system, then it is necessary to act immediately:
- Cut the roots and sanitize the cuts. You can use special tools for plants or powder them with cinnamon powder or crushed activated charcoal.
- Soak the remaining roots for a day in a strengthening solution such as "Kornevina"
- Replant the orchid in a new substrate and cover it with moss. Change the location - the light should be enough!
How to save an orchid?
Orchid flower lovers know that the plant can live in 2 modes. The most interesting and useful for resuscitation is the one that leads to the release and exchange of carbon dioxide. It is also called C3C4. With him, the plant begins to develop rapidly. In a month, an orchid grows by a few centimeters and throws out a couple of leaves. This mode is indispensable when you are thinking about how to save an orchid without roots. In order for the plant to pass into it, you need to create the necessary humidity and maintain a temperature of 25-28 °. Therefore, after resuscitation is to put a flower in a mini-greenhouse. It can be purchased at flower shops or do it yourself. Do not throw out the transparent boxes of large cakes - they can be useful. You can simply put the plant in a round pot and cover it with this package. Another option is to place a box with an orchid under a sheet of glass.
If you decide to hold a flower in a greenhouse, then it can be planted and next to a special type of moss - sphagnum. It is sold in the same place where they sell aquariums. Drainage falls asleep at the bottom of the box, wet moss is placed, and an orchid is placed on it. Make sure that the sphagnum is not wet. Otherwise, the roots will start to rot again. It is also worth periodically airing our greenhouse. The average terms of resuscitation of plants in this way range from 1 to 12 months. It all depends on its original state.
In order for orchids not to rot, you need to follow a number of rules:
- Provide the plant with normal light conditions. Lighting should be diffused, but not excessively bright.
- Watering the orchid should be correct. It depends on the size of the root system and periods of activity. If the roots are large, then the orchid should be watered more often and more abundantly. In this case, the substrate should dry out, and not be constantly wet.
- When the plant is at rest, watering should be reduced. Transplanted flowers in no case can not be watered!
- In order for the roots to develop normally, use sphagnum or pine bark as a primer.
- Periodically check the condition of the shoots. To do this, plant an orchid in a pot with transparent walls. So you do not have to pull it out.
- Use root dressings.
Why do orchids dry roots?
This problem is also common among florist, as well as rotting shoots. Its cause is poor care. Drying is associated with insufficient watering. From this, above all, suffer the upper air shoots. The roots at the bottom of the pot can receive their portion of water, but the liquid does not reach the top. If the orchid does not help in time, then it can die. First you need to pull the flower out of the pot and rinse the roots. Then the shoots are worth seeing. Shrunken visible immediately. Next, you need to decide on whether to reanimate the orchid or you can simply transplant it. Sometimes dry air shoots after some time give new roots. In this case, the flower increases the root system faster than when pruning a large number of shoots. If you decide to remove the dry parts, then do not forget to process the cuts. You can use crushed activated carbon. After that, the orchid is planted in a new substrate. After some time (2-3 days) it is watered. The amount of water depends on the humidity. If the room is dry, then it should be more.
In order for your orchid not to hurt, you must follow a number of simple rules:
- Water the flower in the morning. The sun can burn wet leaves.
- Choose the right place. The plant loves diffused bright light and does not tolerate drafts and cold.
- Keep the pot away from the batteries!
- During periods of rest orchids reduce watering and fertilizing
Very often, the rotting or drying of the orchid roots is associated with improper care. Insufficient lighting, improper watering and other factors lead to problems with the root system. A flower signals a problem with its appearance. When the leaves are deformed, first examine the roots. Then, if necessary, the plant is reanimated - cut off the dead parts, disinfect and planted in the substrate.