All gardeners need to know the basic rules of planting and growing vegetables. This will simplify their care and increase yields. For example, in order to get an early harvest, it is necessary to take into account the sowing time. This rule is especially important when growing eggplants. Vegetable requires special care. He loves the heat and the sun, so when planting it is better to use seedlings.
Sowing eggplant seeds for seedlings
It is very important to carefully prepare the seeds for planting.
- First you need to check them for germination. To do this, take about 10 grains and wrap them in ordinary bags of any fabric. After that, leave them for 24 hours in warm water. After this time has elapsed, put the bags in a plate and put them in some warm place. They should stand like this for about 5 days. It is important not to forget to moisten the bags. You will need to wait a bit and see how many seeds will eventually grow.
- The next step is seed treatment. They should be lowered into a strong solution of potassium permanganate for about 30 minutes. Then rinse them several times with water.
- Seeds need to be fed by all means. For this dilute in 1 l. warm water 1 tsp wood ash and put the seeds there for about a day.
- Treated seeds should simply be left on a saucer for 2 or 3 days, until they hatch.
It is necessary to plant bakalagny on seedling 60 days before you plant the plants in the ground. Most often sowing occurs at the end of February - the beginning of March. The best option if your seedlings before planting reaches 80 days. Then there will be many fruits, and the harvest will be good. An important aspect is the soil. It should be sufficiently wet. But it is important not to overdo it: if the ground is too wet, the plants will not have enough oxygen and the sprouts may die. After you sow the eggplant seeds, sprinkle them with a thin layer of loose soil. Seeds will germinate in about 2 weeks. At the same time, the temperature, day and night, should not be below +23 degrees.
Recommended landing time
When planting eggplant seedlings is important to consider the timing! After all, the quality of the future harvest depends on it!
The most favorable time for sowing eggplant is February and March. It is desirable that the crop fell on the growing moon. To determine the exact date, you can use the lunar calendar, or simply subtract 80 days from the date of landing in the ground. For example, if you want to plant eggplants on June 1, then you need to grow seedlings at the end of February.
Features of the planting of eggplants in the greenhouse
Since eggplants are very fond of heat and sun, the best and easiest way is to plant and grow them in greenhouses or under a special film for greenhouses.
The first thing to remember is that eggplants love water very much! In addition, they need to be fertilized with all necessary minerals. It may be urea or superphosphate. A seedling that has reached 16-25 cm in height with 9 leaves and small buds is considered good. If you plan to grow eggplants in the greenhouse, then it is better to plant them around mid-May (10-15 numbers). Before you dig up seedlings, you need to pour it with water.
When growing eggplants in the greenhouse you need to choose the right variety. Not everyone is suitable for greenhouses.
There are 3 main varieties:
- Early ripening - have a maturation period of up to 120 days
- Mid-early ripening - about 120-130 days ripening
- Mid-season - ripen in 130 days.
Eggplant seedlings need to be transferred to a greenhouse with a small lump of soil.
This will help preserve the root system.
Soil preparation in the greenhouse
Greenhouse need to prepare. First you need to clean it from the plants that were there before. Then break through and be sure to disinfect. To do this, you can use a solution of copper sulfate (approximately 2 tablespoons. 10 liters of hot water). We should not forget about leveling and digging the soil.
Eggplants should be planted at a distance. Between the bushes should be about 45 cm, and between the rows - 60. The holes dug for seedlings should be at least 15 cm deep. They need to pour abundantly. After you plant the seedlings, it is necessary to compact the soil around the plants and water them.
Planting eggplant in open ground
Growing eggplants in the open field requires the use of special agricultural techniques. First, it is necessary to use the film. It has the ability to transmit sunlight and transform ultraviolet radiation into infrared light. It is very important for plants. With the help of the film you can achieve results quite early and get an early harvest. In addition, the fruits tend to grow larger, juicier and tastier.
It is important to prepare a special soil mix. To do this, add to the soil 1 part of sod land, 2 parts of humus and some washed sand.
On the bucket of the resulting mixture you need to pour 2 tbsp. ash and 60 gr. superphosphate.
Eggplants in the ground are planted in the same way as peppers. In the garden, the wells are dug, then plentifully poured with water and seeds or seedlings are planted in the resulting mixture.
See also:How to plant radish seedlings?
After you have planted an eggplant, you need to systematically loosen the soil. Water the plants better in the morning. Water should be heated to 30 degrees. Of all the shoots that have appeared, only 4 to 5 upper stepsons are left, on which fruits will form. The rest is deleted.
Most often, eggplants are grown in the form of seedlings. To do this, in early March, begin to germinate and process the seeds. This method of cultivation allows you to make plants more resistant to diseases and harvest early harvest. Already in late July - early August, the first ripe vegetables will appear on your beds.