Translated from the Greek "phlox" means the flame. According to legend, phloxes appeared in memory of the bold Odyssey. When he and his companions got out of the realm of the dead, the torches that his companions threw into flowers.
Currently, there are about 50 types of phlox. These are mostly perennial plants. And only a few species are annuals.. With the latter we will begin.
Annual Phlox, or Flame
Description.The stem is thin, branched. The leaves are oval, slightly elongated. Flowers of various bright colors and different shades (from white to dark red, yellow, salmon and purple). It blooms from mid-summer to frost. In warm sunny weather, flowering is more abundant, and brighter color of flowers. In cold, rainy weather phloxes feel bad, flowering weakens.
Flame prefers fertile soil, abundant watering and the presence of sunlight.
In height, different species reach from 12 to 30 cm. There are high and low forms.
Grades: Star phlox, large-flowered, low compact and phlox Reigold.
Reproduction seed. Seeds are planted in March. It will sprout in two or three weeks. And at the end of May, crops are planted in open ground. For planting low phlox, the distance between seedlings is 15-20 cm, for high ones - 20-25 cm.
Description.Strong erect stems reach a height of 60-180 cm. They end with a complex inflorescence. - a whisk. The shape of the inflorescence may be spherical (flat or conical), cylindrical and umbrella-shaped. There are species with creeping branching stems. In spring, they are usually covered with many small flowers.
From the buds formed at the base of last year's escape, new shoots are developed. Their number is 2-3 times higher than the number of shoots last year. At first, shoots grow horizontally, and after about 2 cm they start growing up.
By the end of June, inflorescences begin to be laid, and at the base of the stems, buds of renewal begin.
Flowers of various colors, sizes reach 4.5-5cm. Their color is white, pink, lilac, purple-bluish, purple and red. In the inflorescence usually 50 flowers. There are varieties where there are 150-200 flowers in the inflorescence.
Perennial phlox, as well as one-year, combined into two main groups:
- low stem (with spring flowering periods);
- tall stem (blossom in autumn or late summer).
Grades:The phlox is awl-shaped, paniculate, forged, and also varieties, especially valued by growers from all over the world (Viking, Smoky Coral, Dawn, Josephine Gerbeau and others).
Phlox multiply cuttings, dividing the bush and seeds.
Phlox are hardy enough. With good snow cover winter without shelter. But still in our conditions protection is desirable (peat, leaves, humus). Shelters make after a light freezing of the soil.
Pests and Phlox Disease
Phloxam is harmed by nematodes, slugs, earwigs, wireworms, spider mites, and slobbering pennits.
In addition, phlox are affected by viral diseases, rarely by fungi. Here it is important prevention, which is manifested in compliance with the rules of agricultural engineering: well-fertilized, non-contaminated soil, no weeds, timely watering, loosening and fertilizing the soil.
- For pest control digging the land, the destruction of infected individuals. Help and land treatment with hot steam.
- Do not allow the ground to dry up, otherwise phlox may be struck by a drooling pennica. In dry years, water the flowers more often.
- Do not be alarmed if the phlox, with proper care, began to dry out the lower leaves and crack the stems. This can be a completely natural physiological process.
- With a normal amount of minerals in the soil and a sufficient amount of lime, cracking is rare. Watering with very cold water on a hot sunny day should also be avoided.
If you skillfully apply the tips of this article on the care of different types, forms and varieties of phlox, they will effectively bloom in your garden for 5-6 years. But longer they should not be grown, it is necessary to plant new phlox.