No matter how cozy the apartment is, there are factors on which the comfort of staying in it directly depends. Today we will discuss one of them - the content of water vapor in the air, that is, humidity. Knowing how to humidify the air in a room will help residents avoid many health problems.
What is the point of maintaining optimal air humidification parameters?
Probably, many have been in rooms where the desire to heat them exceeds common sense. Already at the entrance to such a house dry air makes itself felt, and during a long stay the level of discomfort is overwhelming. The skin becomes dry, the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes dry out, tickle in the throat, and the like.
Too dried air adversely affects not only everything alive, but also wood products and furniture. However, an excess of moisture also does not bode well. You can safely solve this problem with the help of specially created devices - humidifiers or using the experience gained by the people.
Normal room air should have a relative humidity in the range of 40-70%. It is within these values that the favorable zone lies, and retreat, both in one and in the other direction, threatens with the development of pathogens, allergic manifestations, dust generation, as well as emission of building materials.
How to solve a problem?
How to moisten the air in the apartment? It goes without saying that the easiest and most effective way would be a humidifier. However, they will not give it to us for free, and not everyone has the opportunity to purchase a good device. How to moisten the air in a room without a humidifier? Let's figure it out.
For a start, let's slightly renew the school course in physics. The concept of relative humidity includes the percentage of moisture in the air. Excess moisture at a value equal to 100% turns into condensate - water droplets. The value of relative humidity is dependent on air temperature and atmospheric pressure.
Important in understanding this process is the fact that at a lower temperature to get a result of 100% less moisture is needed. This indicator changes in the opposite direction if the air temperature rises. Simply put, with the same amount of water vapor in the case of a low temperature, the humidity will be higher, and if it is high, the humidity will be lower.
That is why in the autumn-winter period, when houses are forcibly heated to the desired temperature, the humidity value has a strong tendency to decrease with all the ensuing consequences. To change the situation in the right direction, it is necessary to moisten the room. For these purposes, you can use:
- vessels of water placed around the room;
- decomposed on radiators wet towels and diapers;
- tanks with water adapted to the heating elements and their subsequent addition as it evaporates;
- placed harness from the bandage on the surface of the heating radiator, one of the ends of which is lowered into a container with water.
Periodic wet cleaning and airing, indoor plants, installing an aquarium, drying clothes in the room will also help to increase the humidity of the air.
How to moisten the air in the room of the newborn?
One of the main concerns of parents is to ensure optimum air performance in the child’s room. The following indicators are considered normal:
- temperature - 18-20 °;
- humidity - 50-70%.
Given that infants temperature regulation unstable, there is a high probability of the risk of hypothermia and overheating. Parents generally make maximum efforts to combat the insufficient temperature in the room, without thinking about the possible lack of air.
In addition, heating the air, we thereby reduce the level of humidity almost twice the recommended. Taking into account the peculiarities of thermoregulation of babies and the fact that the temperature of exhaled air and body is the same, and its humidity is 100%, it is obvious: the drier it is, the more moisture the infant body loses.
The fluid reserves of babies are small, and its loss threatens with many unpleasant manifestations, expressed by the disruption of all systems and organs that lead to health problems. Dr. Komarovsky E.O. in solving the problem of how to humidify the air in the room, it is advised to carry out often wet cleaning of the room, use sprays, install aquariums, and other decorative elements, such as fountains. Finally, it is possible to place containers with water in the room and not close them with lids.
The pediatrician also does not ignore technological devices designed to help keep the air humidity at the proper level. These include:
- household air humidifiers;
- ultrasonic humidifiers;
- air purifiers;
- evaporative coolers.
Humidity - a parameter that, along with the temperature and purity of the air can be considered vital. So, dry air contributes to dehydration, drying out of the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, eyes. That is why knowledge of how to humidify the air in a room is simply necessary.