Does your cat feel unwell? Became a little move, refuses to eat and drink? In this case, useful knowledge of how to measure the temperature of the cat. Correct actions will help to avoid problems with the health of your beloved animal, as well as prompt when it is worth contacting a veterinarian.
Thermometers for cats
Cat's body temperature can be measured in two ways: rectally and in the ear. The first method is considered preferable, as it shows the most accurate results. The process itself is performed using a thermometer, and here there is a choice between two options:
- A digital thermometer will take less time to measure, which means it will bring the cat minimal inconvenience.
- Mercury thermometers are made of glass and require to adhere to special safety measures.
In addition, in a veterinary pharmacy, you can purchase a special cat thermometer, but in emergency situations a normal human thermometer will do. Whichever instrument you choose, the thermometer needs to be labeled “feline” so that no one in the house can use it by mistake.
How to measure rectal temperature of an animal?
In addition to the thermometer, you will need a vaseline or a water-based cream to lubricate the anus of the animal, as well as alcohol to disinfect the thermometer before and after use. It is useful to get a pair of latex gloves and a large towel to wrap the animal.
Consider in stages how to measure the temperature of a cat:
- Lubricate the tip of the thermometer and anus of the cat with petroleum jelly. Put on gloves.
- Prepare the cat for the procedure. For this you need the help of the household. To immobilize the cat, grab a piece of skin between the shoulder blades just below the head and wrap the animal in a towel.
- Lift the cat's tail and slowly, millimeter by millimeter, insert a thermometer into the rectum. Light scrolling thermometer around its axis during the introduction will simplify the whole process and make it less painful for the cat. Do not insert the thermometer too deeply, 1.5-2 centimeters will be enough.
- Keep the thermometer in the rectum as long as necessary according to the instructions. For electrical devices, two minutes is enough. Mercury thermometers will show the correct temperature after 7-10 minutes.
- After a set period of time, take out the thermometer, look at the readings and disinfect the device with alcohol.
- And finally, do not forget to praise and stroke your pet.
The normal temperature in adult and healthy cats is 37.9-39 degrees. In small kittens, especially in those who are not even 10 days old, the temperature range of the body ranges from 36.1-37.8 °. If the thermometer readings differ from the norm, it's time to take the animal to the vet.
How to bring down the temperature of the cat at home?
So, if the thermometer showed fever in the cat, what to do? What you should definitely not do is panic. First of all, it is necessary to determine the root cause of this symptom. It is not necessary that your cat is sick, perhaps the body temperature has increased as a result of external factors, for example:
- If the room or outside is too hot, then a slightly increased body temperature for a cat is considered normal. The animal's body, like a human, thus tries to adapt to the situation.
- It is a well-known fact that pregnant cats have a slightly higher body temperature than their cousins who do not expect an addition to the family.
- The thermometer will show different data if measured in the morning and evening. As a rule, in the evening the body temperature will rise, but not more than 0.3-0.5 degrees.
- Did your pet run well on the street, and then, coming home, eat tight? Then the body temperature may indicate a banal overeating.
When, in addition to the high temperature, the cat has nausea and vomiting, lethargy and complete indifference to what is happening, you should contact the veterinary clinic or call the doctor at home. If this is not possible, then use the available tools.
Consider how to bring down the temperature in an adult cat at home:
- Put a wet towel on the body of the animal for 30-40 minutes, concentrating on the armpits, abdomen and groin area. This method is very effective if the cat is willing to endure such inconveniences.
- The best thing you can do for a sick animal is to provide enough drink and free space. The whole family should not sit near the cat and sob bitterly. This will not help the cause, but it will make your pet nervous.
- Effective antimicrobial agents are sage broth and echinacea. The recommended dose is 1 drop per 450 g of cat weight twice a day.
- If you need to survive with a temperature of just a few hours, then you can lubricate the paw pads with an alcoholic solution about once every 60 minutes.
Do not stuff the animal with human antipyretic agents. First, some of them are absolutely not suitable for animals and can be fatal. Secondly, it is unlikely that you will be able to determine the dosage yourself.
If a cat lives in your house, then the ability to measure temperature can be useful in many situations. The main thing is to carry out the procedure as delicately as possible, because the animal is so bad. In case of any temperature deviations from the norm, do not delay the time, and if possible, contact the veterinarian immediately.