Who in childhood did not play paper airplanes? A few movements - and from a simple notebook sheet a bird soars into the air. And if friends join, you can even compete on who will fly the plane further. However, what seemed simple in childhood can today present itself as more complex. How to make a plane out of paper with your own hands? It turns out that there are many ways, and all differ in the level of complexity.
How to make a paper airplane: videos and tips
Before looking for schemes that can guide the creation of a paper airplane, it is necessary to prepare the materials involved in the process. In addition to the ruler and scissors, the back side of which is convenient to draw a fold line, it is important to choose the right paper. The smaller the sheet will weigh, and the lower the density it will have, the farther the airplane will fly, but at the same time the probability of its “breakdown”, or, more precisely, rupture, is higher. Especially if the scheme involves several folds and straightenings of the 1st place, it is possible that in this very place the paper will tear. Therefore, the sheet is recommended to purchase an average density: not too thin, but not cardboard.
In addition, it is important to observe the symmetry of the assembly with respect to an imaginary or real middle axis: if you move the parts a few millimeters, the airplane may begin to fall on its side when flying or fall immediately. The same applies to problems with its tail, which is often incorrectly bent, as a result of which the hack refuses to float in the air. In addition, if the wings of the aircraft are folded, it will be better to hold, keeping an even position, and, therefore, will fly along a more direct course.
Interestingly, depending on which model of paper airplane you fold, both its time in airspace, flight style, and many other things will vary. other moments. For example, gliders are kept in the air for quite a long time, while fighters fly quickly, with acceleration, but they are just as active and are landing. On the street, if there are different models, you can arrange the whole air show, and if you attach a long thin thread to the chassis, then, holding it in your hands, launch the plane into the air, it is quite possible to even walk like a kite.
Paper Airplanes: Schemes for Beginners
Beginners, of course, better to try their hand with the most classic version, known since childhood. But if she is bored, you can slightly complicate the algorithm of work. Just enough to arouse interest. It will take a rectangular sheet, best of all, if its sides have a different color: it will be easier to navigate along the front and the back side. Sheet size is chosen arbitrarily, but professionals do not advise taking less than 15 to 20 cm. If colored paper is used, it is laid down with a colored surface to interact with the white (gray) area.
At the starting stage, the future plane is planned to have an auxiliary axis. For this, the sheet is bent in half along the longitudinal line and unbend back. Then it is required to bend the upper corners diagonally, aligning them with the edges and leading to the same longitudinal line. Straightening is not necessary, but it is necessary, through the pressure of the ruler, to walk along the fold in order to strengthen it. This will run through every fold of the paper plane.
The next step is a new fold along the diagonal, again with the alignment of the edges at the vertical axis, after which the product will resemble an elongated triangle placed on a rectangle. Its top is bent so that with its tip it touches the lower point of the sides of the side parts connected to each other, as shown in the diagram.
Then, along the existing vertical axis, the craft is folded inwards, and the most important and difficult step remains - bending of the wings. It is important to follow the symmetry of the action and the flatness of the line: the place of the bend is planned with the expectation that it would cut the short side in half and lay down at a slight angle to the vertical axis. It must be ironed.
The same model is also easy to perform using a slightly different algorithm, making it a sharper nose and changing the width of the wings. The paper rectangle is bent vertically and unbent, its upper parts are folded, forming a triangle, and it must be bent towards itself. Here, the difficulty lies in correctly calculating the distance that remains from the top of the triangle to the end of the short side of the former rectangle. This segment should be equal to the height of the band formed above it after the bend.
A new step - combining the diagonal of the upper parts of the resulting rectangle, as a result of which a triangle is formed again, and from under it the same small and upturned peeps out. It is necessary to bend outwards and then to bend the product along the vertical axis. The wings of the plane are bent in vertical direction, released from the sharp upper corner, the bend is carefully otglazhivaetsya, and the new version is ready to launch into the sky.
Paper airplane with your own hands: complex schemes
If you managed to add up the previous models of paper planes, you should try to force in more interesting schemes. For example, a combat "Shuttle", which is no longer made from a rectangular sheet, but from a square one. It is highly recommended to take a sheet of 30 to 30 or even more, because in the final product will be released 2 times smaller than the size of the source material. And in the absence of due experience it will be difficult to work with very small details.
The preparatory step is to affix the auxiliary diagonals: to do this, it is enough to bend the square twice, each time unbending it, then, as in the 1st time, bend it, leaving it as a triangle. Now each side of its top must be tweaked, bringing together and turning a triangle into a small dense square. The final movement becomes a fold in half outward along the diagonal axis.
Further work is done with the wings: for this purpose, the outer triangles are bent down, the strip of the “hull” remains minimal, no more than 1 cm wide. The place of the bend is ironed, and the wings are pulled down to form an isosceles triangle looking to the right. According to the lines obtained by the inversion method at the previous step, it shifts, as a result of which those parts that were wings become a temporary lower base, and the large triangle overlaps them.
Then a similar double bend must be made on its upper part, and again it must be unbent. Along the same lines, the algorithm is repeated, but this area of the aircraft is taken inside, hiding between the outer parts: only the looking fin remains. It only remains to bend the nose of the Shuttle and pull the wings out from under the bottom, bending them up.
The last model, which deserves attention, and a little easier to assemble than the previous one, is the Triplane: wide wings and an absolutely straight nose (more precisely, its almost complete absence) give it a representative of a family of gliders. For the manufacture of this craft, a rectangular sheet of paper is bent along vertical lines so that the side zones are symmetrical and aligned along the longitudinal axis. It is not necessary to straighten them so far: but it is necessary to mark the middle of the resulting narrow rectangles with the back of scissors, as shown in the diagram. After that, a sheet of paper is turned over with a solid side to the master.
Attention should again be paid to the scheme: it demonstrates how to bend the side upper corners correctly, not combining them with the vertical axis, but with the middle lines that were marked with scissors. After each fold, they should be straightened back: this action is intended to create auxiliary diagonals. Now the sheet turns over again and is fully expanded, the front (colored) side again rests on the surface. Where the intersection of the auxiliary diagonals are located, a horizontal line is mentally drawn, and the paper bends over it: a rectangle is obtained, at which a small thin single strip is seen at the bottom.
Each of the sides of this rectangle, according to the diagram, is pulled to the opposite corner, being combined with the vertices - the intersections of the auxiliary diagonals. As a result, a triangle is visible in the middle of the formed trapezoid, the top of which looks down. It must be raised, bending out, and after that the product folds in half. The final step bends the wings and proglazhivaetsya bend at the "case". Triplane is ready for a test flight.
Airplanes - a fun game, if carried out in a company. For children, this is a great way to develop fine motor skills and to spend time with benefits, and for adults to remember their school years. Be sure to try to fold a paper airplane according to the above schemes and launch it into the sky: let this symbol of freedom soar as high as possible!