The queen of flowers since ancient times is familiar to people. Cleopatra covered the floors in the halls where she received guests with rose petals. They made jam from roses. Rose was worshiped as a goddess, as a special flower. And now the rose remains the recognized favorite all over the world.
Currently there are more than 25 thousand varieties of roses! But, probably, it is not a secret to anyone that the progenitress was a wild rose, or a dog rose.
Types of roses
All existing cultural roses are divided by gardeners into three large groups:
- Deciduous Handicraftsroses These include damask, centifole, french roses, etc.
- Gardenroses These are evergreen shrubs with a long flowering period and rapid growth. These include tea, remontant, Bengal, polyanthus roses, various hybrids, etc.
- Curly, or climbingroses There are bush and creeping. These include park roses, etc.
Roses - light-loving and heat-loving plants. Very fond of the morning sun. Shadow is badly tolerated: they are drawn out, weakly blooming.
- The soil for growing roses should be slightly acidic or neutral, fertile, well-treated, fertilized. Do not fit areas with high groundwater levels. Also, the plot should be flat, say the south or southeast slope. It is important that the site is protected from the north and northeast winds. They have a bad effect on the development of roses.
- Planting roses can be done in the spring (before bud break) and in the fall (two or three weeks before frosts).
- Caring for roses includes the main actions: watering, weeding, loosening the soil, dressing, pruning. If all this is done in a timely manner, the roses will bloom profusely and regularly.
- Watering requires abundant, especially during budding. Roses are fed every ten days, and organic and mineral fertilizers alternate. Before feeding and after it you need to water the plants plentifully. When roses bloom, they must be fed with potash fertilizers.
- By the end of autumn roses are sheltering. The first frosts of roses are not terrible, they help them to harden. Cover the roses with the onset of frost with a layer of spruce branches-legs. Layer should be somewhere around 10-15cm. And also covered with a layer of roofing material and roofing. Plants are usually spud before shelter. They take shelters on an overcast day somewhere in the beginning of April, leaving only spruce paws. They are removed in two weeks. Then proceed to pruning roses (read about this in the article Pruning Roses for the Winter). There are short, medium and weak pruning. Short (strong) pruning is recommended only for well-branched varieties.
- Vegetatively propagated and seed roses. Methods of vegetative propagation for roses - grafting, reproduction by stem cuttings, layers, and for some species by dividing the bush.
- The rose is usually grafted onto a wild bird, that is, onto a wild rose in a T-shaped incision. How to plant a rose, read the article Correct vaccination of a rose.
- Propagation by cuttings is carried out according to the scheme described in the article Reproduction of roses by cuttings.
Pests and diseases of roses
Many diseases and pests of roses reduce their decorative properties. Therefore, to grow healthy, abundant and beautifully blooming roses, disease prevention is necessary.
It is important to carefully select planting material, detect sick individuals in time and destroy them, dig up the soil, and apply fertilizer.
Roses are prone to diseases like powdery mildew, rust, bacterial cancer, gray mold, infectious burn, as well as various spotting (white, black, brown). From insect pests settle on roses raspberry weevil and tracheomycosis.
To prevent infection with tracheomycosis, it is good to plant roses where the grasses used to grow. It is also impossible to plant vegetables between roses. From the raspberry weevil get rid of spraying roses infusion of Dalmatian chamomile or bankol.
To combat powdery mildew, drugs are used: topaz, scor, tilt, impact, bayleton, Vectra, topxin-M, etc. They are usually alternated. Fungicides are used against rust and black spot. To prevent gray mold, roses should be placed in well ventilated areas. In order to avoid an infectious burn, it is important to observe the terms of shelter and disclosure of rose bushes. To prevent the appearance of bacterial cancer, the roots of roses during planting are disinfected with copper sulphate solution, washed with water and dipped into a clay mash.
Use of roses
Roses are used not only for gardening and giving beauty to flowerbeds, paths, lawns.
They also find their application in cosmetology. Remember the famous rose oil, which refreshes, moisturizes the skin and makes it velvety and soft!
Rose petals are used to decorate weddings and other celebrations, giving a special atmosphere to your home. Cosmetic procedures are made from oils, tinctures of rose petals: face masks, hands, etc.
Not without reason, since ancient times, people appreciate the decorative and healing properties of this truly queen of flowers - roses!