Marigolds, or Tagetes - very common, hardy and unpretentious plants. They can be found in almost any flower garden.
But marigolds are not only an attractive ornamental plant, but also drug. In folk medicine, recipes are known, where one of the important ingredients is Tagetes. But marigolds are not only useful for humans. When plants are found next to vegetable crops, they scare off aphid, bearfish and nematode by their smell.
Description of marigolds
Plant height is usually 15-100 cm (depending on the marigold variety). Stems are straight, branched. Leaves dissected. Inflorescences are single, consist of reed flowers on the edge and tubular in the center. The color of the inflorescences may be yellow, orange (most common), reddish-brown and brown-brown. The marigolds bloom from early summer to frost. Marigolds have a peculiar smell, and not only its inflorescences.
Garden Forms of Tagetes derived mainly from the following types: marigold small-flowered, marigold large-flowered and marigolds marked.
Types of garden marigolds
The most popular marigold rejected marigold erect, as well as such varieties as Bolero, Goldenring, Lemon drop. Bonzanza, for example, it reaches a height of 25 cm, blooms early and blooms to the very frost, one flower lives for about two weeks.
There are also dwarf marigold. These include Liliput (up to 20 cm tall, brown inflorescences), Dwarf (up to 15-20 cm, non-double orange blossoms), Dwarf striga (up to 20 cm, terry inflorescences, brown with yellow stripes).
Place for the cultivation of marigolds desirable to choose sunny. However, these flowers are well tolerated and partial shade.
Marigold because it is very common that undemanding in care, unpretentious. The composition of the soil for them does not play a significant role. The distance when planting between seedlings depends on the height of adults. High forms are planted in about half a meter, not more. Medium and low forms of marigolds are planted in 20-25 cm.
Breeding marigold seeds. Seeds are planted in mid-spring (April), put in a room or a warm greenhouse. It is important to provide germinating seedlings with good access to air and plenty of light. Marigolds rise on the fourth or sixth day. In early June, the seedlings are planted in open ground, it is possible earlier, if only the frost period has passed. When landing in the ground, it is important to keep the earth clod around the roots, so as not to damage them.
Seeds of low and medium forms of marigolds can be planted immediately in open ground in the middle or end of May.
To feed Tagetes is recommended at least three times a year (the growing season).
Pests and diseases of marigolds
Because marigolds have a peculiar smell, they resistant to diseases and pests. This plant has a disinfecting effect on the soil. Phytoncides that release their leaves, scare away any insects, including those that live in the soil. But despite this, the marigolds are sometimes affected by gray mold. Found and rot the base of the stem and roots. The latter are caused by mushrooms.
It is advisable to prevent danger. Curing plants is not possible, they can only be thrown out.
In preventive measures, usually before the start of flowering, tagges are sprayed with the following solution: 40 g of the drug "Hom" is diluted in a ten-liter bucket. Two liters of solution is enough for 1m².
Apply marigolds to planting in flowerbeds, decorating borders, as well as in combination with other garden flowers. You can grow marigolds and on the balcony. It is only important to provide them with access to fresh air and sufficient sunlight.