Paw paws, or the so-called Banana tree, can reach several meters in height in the open field, however, it can easily take root in a dwarf form under room conditions. This plant looks very decorative: a wide pyramidal crown, a trunk with smooth bark, large leaves and red-purple flowers. And to all this magnificence it remains to add - Banana tree is abundantly fruiting!
Flowers and fruits
About colors Pawns should be said separately. They reach 4 cm in diameter, their cup consists of three leaves, and the rim - of six petals. Flowering occurs in May-April (before the leaves open) and is quite long (about three weeks). Paw paw - a cross-pollinated plant and in room conditions in need of artificial pollination. This can be done with cotton or a soft paint brush.
Each flower Pawns contain several pistils, so one flower can form about 9 fruits. Despite the fact that the flowers are bisexual, they cannot self-pollinate, two trees are necessary for fruiting. Pollinating Pawns are carried out when the tips of the pistils of flowers become shiny and sticky, and the pollen becomes friable and brownish. It takes about 4 weeks for the fruit to ripen.
The fruits of a banana tree are gathered in a seed crop of eight or more fruits, each of which is 10-12 cm in length. Under good growing conditions, the yield of this crop is 25 kg per tree and above. Azimina has very sweet fruits with a delicate pineapple-strawberry flavor. In terms of the composition of vitamins and trace elements, they are similar to tropical bananas and persimmon.
Features plant care
Azimina is very light-loving, but the first two years of her life need a light one. Adult plants need full solar lighting.
Banana tree seedlings in room conditions develops slowly. However, with artificially increasing daylight hours to 16 hours, the growth rate increases significantly: the young tree can grow to 1.5 m in height in three months.
From spring to autumn Azimine requires regular watering. The soil should remain wet, but stagnant water should be avoided.
This plant has very brittle roots, it can be transplanted with great care. Azimina transshipped with the original earthen ball into a new container. This is best done in the spring when growth begins. Since the Banana tree develops a large root system, it needs a deep pot.
Pawpaws prefer to be light, fertile and slightly acidic (pH 5-7) soil. The following mixture will do: rotted manure, leaf humus (from under a birch or an oak), turfy ground (2: 1: 1). For looseness, add some sand and ash.
During the period of active growth Azimin must be fed. Here is a rough chart for the month: the 1st and the 15th are manure; 8 numbers - water-soluble fertilizer (for example, "Kemira-lux"), 20 numbers - 1 teaspoon of ash evenly distributed over the surface of the soil and water. This scheme should be repeated every month.
In winter, the plant is resting, at this time Azimine needs at least two weeks of cold and 160 days of cool content.
Azimina flowers are formed on last year's shoots; therefore, each year before the beginning of growth, adult plants are pruned for replacement.
Propagate the banana tree with seeds or grafting. For good germination, seeds must be stratified at a temperature of from 0 to -4 ° C for 100 days. Germination lasts about 7 weeks. If the seeds are planted in the soil in late autumn, then shoots can be expected in July next year. Young Paws Pawns have a very sensitive root system, so it is better not to replant them.
Plants grown from seeds, as a rule, begin to bloom and bear fruit after 4 years. But, depending on the conditions of detention, the quality of the seeds and the variety, this time can significantly increase - up to 8 years.
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