The mysterious and charming mythical creature - a mermaid - has long been among the most attractive. This girl with a fish tail appears as the tragic heroine of H. Andersen, and the insidious - among the authors of ancient myths. It is not so easy to draw it, but even children will be able to master the drawing by step-by-step instructions.
How to draw a mermaid with a pencil: a scheme for beginners
The most famous mermaid for kids is Ariel, the rights to which belong to Disney. The red-haired beauty, in spite of the story of Andersen, found her happiness with the prince, and therefore children love this version much more than the original fairy tale. It will be interesting and easy for a child to draw a simplified variation of Ariel in a cartoon version. To do this, you need to arm yourself with a simple pencil and a sufficiently wide sheet of paper so as not to worry about the fit of all the details.
It should start with the head: it will be the largest in the whole figure, especially in relation to the body and tail. A sufficient area will occupy the little mermaid's hair. Therefore, the circle, which will become the head, in height will take 1/3 of the entire figure of this character. On the left side, the circle needs to be slightly deformed, which can be done in the next step: otherwise there is a risk of doing this incorrectly.
In the meantime, he has a vertical axis mentally outlined, and from its intersection with the lower part of the circle, an uneven (according to the diagram) line is drawn with a slight deflection to the side. Its length is the height of 2 already drawn heads. The end of the line should be ticked out to the right with a high bend: this will be the direction of the tail from the knees of the little mermaid (if she had legs, this zone would be the knee joint. The last outlined line will be the one that indicates the position of the arms.
In addition, parallel horizontal straight lines, slightly concave downward, are drawn inside the circle: 1 divides the head in half, the other - the remaining space below into 2 equal parts. There will be eyes in the area.
Now it is necessary to face the face: in the area designated in the last turn, eyes are drawn to the left. One of them touches the side of the circumference line, the second is at such a distance from the other, so that another 1 eye can be placed there. Between them should be 1.5-1.2 width of the eye. After that, in the center, at the very bottom of the circle, a slightly open and smiling mouth is marked, and, crossing the head, a line is drawn denoting the edge of the hair. It is uneven, with a shift to the left and a curl on the right lower end. With the upper part (head and hair) while work is suspended.
The torso and tail are formed next: since the little mermaid is slightly sideways, the volumetric lines of the hull with respect to the auxiliary axis outlined earlier will be located at different distances from it. The left one is close to it, indented by 2-3 mm, and completely parallel; the right is distant, touches curl of hair, is drawn with a bend in the waist. The contour of the tail is made pointed tapered toward the tip and pointed. Then around it are placed semi-circles of the fins, interlocking with each other and having a small tick with a smooth bend.
At the same stage, you can schedule a swimsuit in the form of looking in different directions seashells. The last is a wave of thick hair, along the length of the tail reaching to the knee joint, as well as the arm. And small details are added in the form of an eyebrow, collarbone and a flower in the hair. Ready mermaid can be painted with pencils, not forgetting about the glare and shadow.
Phased description of the creative process
The same Ariel can be drawn in a more familiar form, already similar to a person, but the technique is a bit more complicated. The starting stage looks the same as for any human figure: elements similar to those on hinged dolls draw the head, torso and hips. These are slightly deformed circles: the head is in the form of an oval, the body is a soft triangle, the hips are almost a circle.
Vertical and horizontal lines intersecting between themselves and slightly shifted to the side, as the little mermaid is turned slightly to the side, are immediately marked on the head. On the trunk there is a transverse axis slightly shifted from the middle downwards. Also added are the contours of the arms raised up and slightly bent at the elbows, ending with ovals of the hands. It is important to make all these blueprints translucent, so that there is an opportunity to erase at the final step.
Now it is necessary to study the face: the oval is encircled along the lower and lateral contour, slightly cut off from the top by the line of the beveled bang, the earlobe appears on the side. After that, eyes are drawn on the horizontal auxiliary line, at the point of its intersection with the vertical - the bridge of nose, flowing into the tip and base of the nose. Below is a parted mouth, slightly curved in a smile.
The face is complete, you can go to the rest of the details of the top: it will be hands. Contours add volume by creating parallel lines, and in place of the ovals, palms and fingers are carefully outlined. The neck is also indicated, after which it remains only to draw the glimpses of loose hair.
The next step is to work with the center and the bottom: a swimsuit appears in the transverse axis of the body in the form of closed shell halves, and lines are drawn connecting the body with the starting point of the circumference of the hips. They are required to give a bend, denoting the waist. The tail of this little mermaid will be tucked under her, so he immediately sets a direction to the side. Its end is necessarily pointed: this is how the cape at the articulation of the fins is planned. Their lower line follows the contour of the tail, becoming its continuation, and the ends of the fins look up. It will only be necessary to add relief to them with longitudinal lines, designate the shape of the chest, the clavicle and the rim in the hair of the little mermaid, after which the finished drawing is duplicated in color. Before this, it is important to erase the auxiliary lines.
Mermaid's tail is right
Even children know that the difference between a mermaid and a simple girl is her stunningly beautiful fishtail. And it is precisely the drawing of the tail that is pretty tiring, and sometimes even embarrassing: you have to tinker with its detailing and defining the initial contours.
You can resort to tricks and draw in thin lines the legs in a bent state. Then from the side they are surrounded by more dense lines, which are reduced just beyond the tips of the feet into a single point. In its length, the tail is slightly larger than the length of the legs, and it necessarily sharpens, forming a mysik. The lower zone - the fins - will schematically resemble an ordinary triangle, at the top of which the tip of the tail enters. But it is necessary to soften it - to extend the side tops, give them a bend, and be sure to distinguish between the halves of a smooth tick. You can also mark the volume at the main top, which hugs the tail. After that the lines serving as relief are drawn.
The tail contours are finished, but for its realism the main thing is missing: scales. They are drawn by interconnected side edges of semicircles, stacked on top of each other in staggered order. Therefore, it is best to start drawing scales from the bottom. It is important to remember that their size cannot be the same: at the tip of the tail, at the junction with the fin, the scales are the smallest, and closer to the upper bones of the hips they increase in size. The change in parameters in height and width should be the same. And, of course, it is important not to forget that the tail has a bend, therefore, the direction of the scales will correspond to it.
Dr. An important moment is light and shade that will add volume to the mermaid tail. It is easy to create a highlight with an eraser: just hold it neatly at the top of the bend, along it, varying pressing. The same highlight should be put on the upper zone of the lower part of the tail - the one that is directed upwards and on which the light falls. The areas lying on the ground or looking into it are led away into the shade: with the side surface of a soft pencil, these areas are darkened by light strokes. In the final, all that remains is to add gold or silver pigment if the mermaid is performed in color.
Drawing a mermaid is quite difficult, if not crammed. You can practice before making such a pattern on the figure of a simple person, as well as on cartoon versions of mermaids. They have the most light contours and almost not detailed. And after you manage to master such options, you can switch to realistic sea maidens.