A hedge is not only a beautiful natural fit, but also protection from the wind, and sometimes from uninvited guests. And the desire to become a happy owner of a green fence, which, with the right selection of plants, will also delight you with spring and then summer flowering, creeps into the hearts of many summer residents or owners of a land plot in front of the house.
Many issues associated with planting hedges, repelled by what types of plants we want to see in our area. As a rule, these are shrub representatives. The shrub most often and successfully planted in the form of a slender (or not very slender) fence.
In the head hundreds, and even thousands of plans for arranging the territory. But how to bring them to life? It is important to know the basic rules for the selection of shrubs for hedges. This knowledge will help you to figure out where to plant in proportion to your needs, which, by the way, can change from day to day.
Rules for the selection of shrubs for hedge
The first rule of selection of shrubs for hedges. Decide on your landing goals.
If the goal of the hedge will be reduced to:
- create a beautiful background;
- protection of the territory from outside views;
- snow retention;
- providing a natural barrier to the wind;
- hiding not beautiful terrain.
Then you are the best fit hardwood. It will be enough for us to densely place the landing, and then, in the course of growth, look after our plantation. Perhaps resort to a haircut. Pyramid shapes are always in fashion.
If your goals are related to:
- finding obstacles from dust and gases;
- protection from germs and other bacteria;
- owning such a fence that will not change its green color to another and will delight you all year round.
Well, then only coniferous plant species will suit you. They will provide you with evergreen beauty and pleasant coniferous smell, which, by the way, really has a bactericidal effect.
Spruce trees are very popular in this regard. Especially beautiful looks silver fir. Tui are also frequent guests at our sites, and there is no reason to talk about junipers. They know their own worth.
By the way, the price of an evergreen hedge is many times more than a hedge, which will please you with bright flowers and dense vegetation only in spring - summer - autumn, and even then with restrictions. So you should take into account the time for the dissolution of the leaves, and in the fall for their yellowing and abscission.
The second rule is a selection of shrubs for hedges. Decide on the heights of your natural fence.
There is a definite breakdown. So if you want to see a high, up to three meters, hedge, pick up plants of the appropriate species category. Best of all those whose branches begin to grow from the base of the trunk. A great option would be whether linden maple.
If you have enough space on the plot, then to ensure high fencing, you can immediately pick up several types of plants and plant them in two tiers. The first row will be tall plants, and the second lower. In the first row trees are most often planted, and in the second - shrubs.
Three-tier wall - this is an excellent protection, but takes a lot of space.
You can restrict planting medium size or very low. In the latter case, the landing can look like a high curb.
For medium-sized hedges are perfect: Thunberg barberry, kizilnik shiny, gooseberry, alpine currant.
For low plantings, buy steppe almonds, cinquefoil shrubs, undersized varieties of barberry Thunberg, as well as Japanese spiraea.
For the smallest fences - borders, which will grow no more than fifty feet in height, well, a maximum of seventy centimeters, take lingonberries, padubal mahonia, Thunberg barberry, but only certain varietal groups: "Atropurpurea Nana", "Green Carpet", "Aurea",
The third rule is the selection of shrubs for hedges. Think about whether you need a barbed hedge or you can do without it.
Advantages of spines in the obstruction, which will give a feeling of security and reliability of your landing. A hedge of thorns will be more terrible than any fence. The disadvantages are that you have to be very careful when leaving, as you can get hurt. Other types of spines will not be so easy to cut, to give an unusual form to a hedge.
If you thought well, appreciated all the pros and cons and voted with two hands in favor of the barbed hedge, which is not bad. It remains only a little, pick up the plants correctly.
Your thorns will gladly provide you with such shrub plants as: barberry, hawthorn, sloe, dogrose.
They are important to know, these prickly creatures, and in order to provide themselves with an impassable wall with spikes and so that when choosing harmless plants do not make a mistake. Knowledge is power, as they say. Knowledge of the range of products you need is a double force.
The fourth rule is the selection of shrubs for hedges. Different color sheet plate within a single living wall of plants.
Agree that a monochromatic color scheme is, of course, not bad, but it is difficult to get special impressions from it.
It is much more interesting to use a creative approach and decorate your territory with a bright motley fence.
To this end, it is good to choose such varieties, for example, the bird cherry tree, such as: “Colorata” and “Schubert”. They are characterized by different colors of foliage and are not whimsical. Thus, you will avoid the need to give a lot of your free time to care for the hedge.
You can use not plants with different color sheet plate, and monochromatic culture, but alternate between them. One bush with light green leaves, another bush with dark green foliage. It is possible to pick up the third one as well.
By the way, you can make worries in the form of a ladder, using and properly combining among themselves different varieties of shrub plants (about who and what height mentioned above). Then you kill two birds with one stone: the shape of the hedge is unusual and the color scheme is interesting (make sure that the foliage of alternating plants is of different colors). And you can even lay three at once, if you pick up shrub plants with different flowering periods. However, in this case, you need to be extremely careful when planting, since a large space without flowering between flowering bushes will not look very good.
The fifth rule is a selection of shrubs for hedges. The most important thing in planting is to provide plants of different types with what they need for normal growth and development.
Above, we decided what plants to plant depending on our preferences and on the beauty of planting. It is time to think about whether the beauty we have picked up on our site will take root or not.
For plants, vital conditions for life are the sun, water and good soils.
If the sun in the area is not enough, do not worry in advance. Everything is fixable. Planted as a hedge maple, honeysuckle, turf or Kalinka.
If there is no shortage of ultraviolet radiation, and there is a lot of it and drought is often observed, then you will need: barberry, golden currant and Caragan tree or shrub.
When sandy soil is poor in nutrients, count on: steppe almonds, common barberries and Thunberg barberries, as well as shiny cotoneaster.
When the site is well moistened or groundwater is located nearby, plant willows. Alder can be a good option, but not of all species, but only gray and shrub. These plants are very fond of moisture and, unlike their other plant counterparts, they can be in well-moistened soil for a long time. The root system at the same time will feel just fine.
In the end, if the soil dries out quickly, it is enough to provide abundant regular watering, and in the case of poor soils, who prevent you from enriching them with useful substances with fertilizers. Dig the site in the fall and mix the soil well with fertilizer. In the spring you get excellent conditions for planting exactly those crops that you like.
The sixth rule of selection of bushes for hedges. Seedlings should be of good quality.
This is perhaps the most important rule for planting hedges. When purchasing seedlings, be sure to ensure that they are healthy and strong. You will learn about their well-being on the basis of their well-developed root system, stem and abundant branching.
The better the quality of the acquired plants, the more chances they will have for a good adaptation in a new place.