The alternative name of this beautiful home plant is the Chinese rose - and it justifies itself: the leaves, of course, are different from those on the rosebush, and there are no thorns, but the flowers are definitely similar, and even rose in size. How difficult is it to grow hibiscus in an apartment, what moments play a major role?
How to care for indoor hibiscus at home?
First of all, pay attention to the choice of the pot in which the plant will sit: hibiscus is very large, sprawling, with a strong root system, therefore it needs a large capacity, 30-40 cm in diameter. Later it may be necessary to transplant it "house".
Direct cultivation is carried out from cuttings on which several leaves remain: as soon as white growths appear on the shoot in a humid environment, they are planted in the ground. Flowering can be expected already in the year of planting: at the age of 4-5 months, the plant begins to form buds, the diameter of which can reach 10 cm. How to make young hibiscus blossom for a long time and gradually grow into a full-fledged shrub?
- Place the pot on the south window: only in this case, the flowering will be year-round. On the east or west side, the period will be halved: from late spring to mid-autumn. In winter, the plant is desirable dosachivat, because it is not enough short daylight hours, especially if the pot sits on the north side.
- Do not be afraid to put it under the sun's rays, but in hot weather it is recommended to hibernate hibiscus for the period from 11 to 16 hours. In the summer you can settle hibiscus on the balcony, if it is glazed. But in winter one should not allow cooling of the ambient temperature to more than 12 degrees above zero.
- Fertilizing the plant is necessary several times a year, the first is carried out at the time of planting: a little mullein must be added to the ground, and then the standard fertilizer for flower crops should be applied to the substrate once a month. The main thing that the composition was not nitrogen.
- Watering is carried out using separated or rain water as the substrate dries. A small drought is not terrible for him, but it is not recommended to flood it, especially in winter, in order not to provoke root rot.
- Hibiscus transplantation is carried out annually, in the spring. This is done simultaneously with pruning, and the transplantation is more like a transshipment: the bush must be dug out so that a large lump of earth remains around the roots, and with this lump it must be transferred to a new pot with a fresh substrate. When the hibiscus reaches the age of seven, transplantation is done less frequently, but every year the upper layer of the soil is replaced.
It should be noted that this plant needs annual molding, which allows it not to stretch up and bloom profusely. For this purpose, new shoots are shortened in March to the inner bud. In the case when the flower has only 1 shoot, it is reduced arbitrarily.
Why do the hibiscus leaves turn yellow and fall off?
This plant is almost not subject to disease and is considered quite resistant - it is well going through drafts, and temperature changes, and drought. But there are some points that can seriously hit his health: amateur growers say that with serious discomfort, hibiscus can begin to lose leaves. This usually occurs when there is an excess of fertilizers, overmoistening of the soil, and lack of light.
- As for pests, in the period of flowering hibiscus is often attacked by a peach aphid, which is already activated at the time of formation of buds on a bush. As soon as she begins to show signs of her presence, it is necessary to treat the plant with an insecticide: Fitoverm is perfect. If the moment of aphid appearance was missed, the affected buds will have to be cut off - they will not be cured.
- It is also possible the invasion of the tick, leaving a sticky whitish coating on the leaves, as well as minor gaps. Gradually, the surface turns yellow, and the leaves begin to fall off. The treatment in the initial stages is carried out by "Fitoverm", with which the flower is processed once a day for a week.
Summarizing, we can say that indoor hibiscus is an excellent plant not only for an apartment, but also for an office space where there is no way to carefully care for a flower. It is unpretentious, quickly adapts to unfavorable conditions for itself and responds mainly to pests.