Aloe is a recognized doctor among houseplants. Aloe juice treats rhinitis, gastrointestinal diseases, helps with insomnia etc. Currently, there are over 350 species of aloe. Of course, not all of them are adapted to room conditions. Many remain to grow in their natural habitat. However, all types of aloe have healing properties. Growing aloe at home will not make you many problems. This plant is quite unpretentious.
Aloe is a perennial succulent plant. The leaves are long, fleshy, sharp from above. The leaves are completely covered, depending on the species, with soft or prickly thorns. There are forms growing in the form of a rosette bush, and there are in the form of a low tree with a flower at the top of the stem. Some species in the indoor environment practically do not bloom.
The most common indoor aloe include the following types.
- Aloe motley - leaves are straight, triangular, dark green with white transverse stripes (15 cm).
- Aloe spinous- the leaves form a spherical rosette with lots of offspring (10 cm).
- Aloe babe- leaves are shiny, with cream spots, in sockets (7 cm).
- Cap-shaped aloe- extremely spiny look (20 cm).
- Aloe awesome- prickly warty leaves up to 45 cm long.
Many flower lovers attribute aloe to very unpretentious plants. They even say that it is possible not to care for them, only the main thing is to water regularly.
- The soil for growing aloe should be light, with some content of charcoal and brick chips. The presence of peat in the earth mixture will have a negative impact on the development of aloe, namely its root system.
- Lighting.Choose windows for aloe on the south side of the rooms. In the summer from direct sunlight pritenyayte.
- Temperaturemoderate. Aloe loves a strong difference in day and night temperatures. In winter, the temperature should not fall below 12 ° C. However, they can tolerate 6 ° C.
- Watering.In the summer, water as needed at room temperature — as soon as the ground is dry. Do not fill in aloe - if half an hour after watering the pot in the pot there is water, pour it out. In winter, watered once or twice a month.
- Air humidity.In the summer, take the plant to the balcony, as it needs fresh air. Spraying aloe leaves is not necessary.
- Top dressing. Aloe is good to feed, like all plants, during the active growing season. To do this, usually use a special fertilizer for cacti. You can buy it at a flower shop and use it no more than twice a month (in winter you don’t need to be fed).
Reproduction and transplanting aloe
Reproduction of aloe is possible as seed, so and vegetatively.Vegetative way, namely grafting, propagating aloe is easiest. Florists are accustomed to this method. After all, cuttings, both leaf and stem, aloe rooted very easily.Cutting aloe is better in spring or summer.Before direct planting the cuttings in the ground they are dried for several days. In the first 2-3 weeks after planting the sprout should be well watered. An older seedling is watered three times a week and with a small amount of warm water.
You can try to grow aloe and seed. But with this method of reproduction will have to tinker and have patience, before you wait for the shoots. Aloe seeds germinate at a temperature of 20 ° C-25 ° C.
Transplanted aloe up to five years every year. You can stay in the third year of life (especially for propagated by the vegetative method). An adult plant can be transplanted once every several years as needed (usually once every three years). They produce an aloe transplant in spring.
If you follow the rules of care, or rather the conditions of reproduction by cuttings of aloeEach process must be planted separately!), you save your green friend and helper from such a disease as dropsy. To treat it is extremely difficult.