For many people, pets become real family members. In particular, we are talking about cats, which are considered to be a symbol of home and comfort. Therefore, the life of purring pets very worried about their owners. By human standards, cats can live to 85 years. At the same time there are a number of factors affecting their longevity.
What is the average life expectancy of a domestic cat?
Domestic cat is in a better position than wild. This is that its lifespan can be almost 2 times longer! Numerous studies have helped to conclude that cats at home on average live 15-20 years. At the same time in the Guinness Book of Records fixed long-lived cat, who died at the age of 35. But wild cats can only dream of such a long life. On the streets of such animals live only 6-8 years. The reason is simple - they are often faced with adverse conditions. As a result, street cats have various infections, which leads to a reduction in life expectancy.
Another important difference is that wild cats breed uncontrollably. As a result, genetic qualities are not very good. Such animals reward their offspring with weak genes. As a result, life expectancy is significantly reduced.
There are many factors that can affect the longevity of cats. Many of them are overgrown with myths. One of them is the breed factor. How many years do Persian cats, British, Scots or Sphynxes live? Scientists did not find an unambiguous answer to this question. In their opinion, everything depends on subjective factors - care, living conditions, nutrition.
On the other hand, there is a theory that makes it possible to assert that some of the bred breeds, indeed, live longer. You may wonder how many years Persian cats live! It is believed that they can survive the same Britons for 3-4 years. The reason is simple: when breeding, breeders try to influence genes and produce strong offspring. The qualities of the rocks are very different. So different cats have different skeletons, wool, the shape of the eyes, ears, and even the length of the tail.
Breeding animals need to be crossed in a certain way, as this also affects longevity. For example, lop-eared Scots are knitted only with straight individuals. It is undesirable to carry out pairing by the British. The fact is that the Scots have a special bone structure. When mating with the British, the bones change, as the second body is heavier. As a result, these kittens are sick a lot and live a little. So if you want a purebred animal to live long, be sure to ask the breeder about his parents.
Of course, it’s impossible to tell right away which cat breed is the leader in longevity. On the other hand, many breeders and veterinarians identify among the Siamese, Persians, Russian blue, Orientals and Egyptian Mau.
Siamese cats are the only breed that is not inclined to the emergence of behavioral abnormalities in the elderly. They are known not only for their special temper and rancor, but also for their longevity. Such a pet with normal care lives over 20 years.
Russian blue have excellent health. This fact also affects longevity. However, after 9 years, veterinarians advise to pay more attention to the ears of the animal. These cats are very susceptible to noise. In old age it is necessary to conduct an annual survey of the pet.
Persians live on average about 15 years. They also have excellent health. At the same time, the pet should be constantly combed out and monitored for its coat.
As for the Egyptian Mau, a cat of this breed can live for more than 20 years with proper care. It is believed that these animals are highly resistant to stress. The same goes for Orientals.
How many years have cats lived with proper care?
According to scientists, cats live as much as cats. In many ways, the life expectancy of animals depends on their sexual activity. So, it is considered that the average age of 15-20 years can be increased. For this it is necessary to solve the issue of sterilization.
It is believed that childbirth is bad for the health of domestic cats. This is due to the fact that they have problems with hormones. Unlike street animals, domestic animals mate less frequently. Hence the hormonal imbalance. The output can be sterilization. It is believed that it hurts the lives of cats for 3-4 years.
Unfortunately, in some cases, castration is not suitable for cats. Often after surgery, animals begin to gain weight. As a result, obesity affects longevity. In this case there is only one way out - to outline a food plan for the animal.
Also, physical stress affects the lifespan of cats. In part, they prevent obesity. To maintain the tone with the pet, it is necessary to play periodically. At the same time, remember that a kitten from an early age should be taught to toys, and not games with the hands of the owner. Otherwise, the animal will get used to biting. Do not allow the cat to constantly lie on the couch. Use store toys or install special cat facilities in the form of bars.
If you want to extend the longevity of pets, then you should stick to a number of rules for the care and maintenance.
- Nutrition must be balanced. To do this, contact the breeder or veterinarian. Since childhood cats are usually taught to feed or natural food. In the first case, it is worth choosing quality products, because saving on food can result in problems with the stomach, kidneys and liver. It is necessary to choose a special feed if your pet has allergies and other problems. As for natural nutrition, it is better to consult a veterinarian. It happens that for different breeds there are rules. Also, the daily menu option will depend on the age of the animal.
- Health care. The animal must be taken to a veterinarian for a full examination at least once a year. This will reveal many diseases at an early stage. Accordingly, the doctor will be able to prescribe timely treatment. Also need to remember about vaccination. The first vaccinations are made at an early age of one year. Otherwise, the animal may die from the same plague or other infection. Remember that the vaccine is better to buy a proven! Despite a balanced diet, many cats do not have enough micronutrients and vitamins. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor about bads.
- Proper care. It primarily depends on the breed. So the Persians need to comb the wool. The British have a problem spot are the eyes, and the lop-eared Scots - the ears. General content rules are the same for all breeds. A pet sometimes needs to cut its claws, make sure that its eyes do not fester and clean its ears.
The average life expectancy of cats is about 15-20 years. However, some breeds live longer. Among them are Persian cats, Orientals, Siamese. The longevity of an animal is affected by many factors. To live a pet longer it is necessary to feed him properly and take him to the vet every year. Periodic physical activity, sterilization and timely vaccination will also prolong the life of the cat.