A group of pets has long been made up not only of dogs and cats: more exotic residents - parrots, guinea pigs, hamsters or turtles live in urban apartments. The latter are attractive not only for their compactness, tranquility and relative simplicity, but also for life expectancy.
How many years have land tortoises lived?
Turtles have long become a symbol of slow, sometimes even too much movement. But this same action is related to the duration of their life - it is much more than that of other representatives of the fauna. The existence of individuals who died in the 153rd year of life has been documented, although scientists assume that the turtle is capable of living up to 300 years in its natural environment.
In particular, giant turtles from the Galapagos are distinguished by a high lifespan: they die, exchanging the 3rd century. Individuals from the Seychelles live a little less: from 150 to 250 years. Approximately the same period for the Balkan and box - 90-100 years. Scientists note that the life expectancy of land turtles depends on their size: larger species live longer than small ones. The next factor is habitat conditions, which necessarily focus on, if we are not talking about the natural environment.
In most cases, the question of the life expectancy of a turtle in a city apartment is interesting, and here the numbers are very different from those that are possible in nature.
Most often, European land turtles, which are able to live in an aviary without water, are acquired as a pet. Among them, the most popular is the Central European tortoise, which is quite large in size. The weight of an adult individual is able to reach 2 kg, and its shell is stretched to 25 cm in length. In an apartment such a turtle, if it is provided with the right conditions, will live up to 40 years, and it is hardly necessary to show it to the vet: she is almost not inclined to get sick.
It should be noted that for home conditions, a similar life expectancy of a turtle (both land and waterfowl) is quite long. In some species, the period is reduced to 20 years (leathery, big-headed), but there are individuals that live to 80 years. There is even documentary evidence that in the monasteries of Jerusalem, the turtles died when their age exceeded the limit of 100 years, which is confirmed by the history of the turtle Marion, who reached 152 years. But these cases are the exception rather than the rule. However, in general land tortoises are characterized by a long life in a city apartment, which is not the case for waterfowl species.
How many years do red-eared turtles live?
Red-skinned turtles also belong to the land, but their homeland is Central Asia, and they also happily settle in aquariums. The dimensions of this species are somewhat smaller than those of a recognized Central European pet, and therefore, according to scientists, their life expectancy is less.
In their natural habitat, the red-eared tortoise may die after 80 years, and will not live in an apartment longer than before reaching 30 years. With this decorative individual, which reaches the size of an adult turtle in 5 years, which indicates an increase in the diameter of the shell to 30 cm, there are many difficulties with regard to care. This is an extremely freedom-loving creature that cannot be kept locked up. If you do not equip it with a sufficient area for movement, and also do not give enough light, the red-eared turtles will live 10 years in an apartment.
Dr. A distinctive feature of this species is the absence of a period for hibernation: only the activity of a pet decreases in winter if there is little light in the apartment. Also, this species in captivity does not have strong immunity: the minimum separation from the conditions of the red-headed turtle is fraught with many diseases.
The most common of these is considered to be dermatoxecosis, characterized by a patina of white color, which forms on the horn shell. If you do not stop the development of the disease at the initial stage, there will be a separation of the shell, resulting in its deformation. In addition, a red-eared turtle in captivity is prone to rickets and osteoporosis, growing out of the wrong diet, infectious skin diseases, colds. The latter pursues turtles living in regions with cold winters, if the temperature outside affects the climatic conditions in the apartment. The snout turtle will definitely need to increase the ambient temperature during such periods, which is achieved by an ultraviolet lamp, which is located at the aquarium and operates in a day.
In addition, an adult individual should have a spacious aquarium, the volume of which starts from 200 l., Moreover, it should be provided with a lid to prevent the escape of a pet. Since the red-eared turtle is considered a land turtle, even in a water-filled aquarium, it requires an island, which is carefully warmed by a lamp up to 30 degrees.
Water is necessarily cleaned by means of a filter and changes monthly or more often if contamination occurs too actively. And, taking into account the susceptibility of this type of disease, the diet for a pet is made with special diligence. Food should be varied, at a young age served daily, and upon reaching 5 years - 3 times a week.
What determines the life expectancy of a turtle?
As mentioned earlier, in captivity, the life span of a tortoise directly depends on the conditions that the masters create for it. Some species have separate requirements for their care: most often these individuals do not differ in longevity, as was shown in the example of the red-eared turtle. Others are quite loyal to the environment in which they grow and exist. In particular, the Central European land turtle, able to exchange and the 9th dozen, unpretentious and not very active. Under natural conditions, it is dormant for 8-10 months, dwelling in a hole dug independently. In a city apartment, the period of hibernation rarely shifts with a tendency to decrease, therefore the whole difficulty of extending the life of the land tortoise is only a few months of its activity.
First of all, if you don’t want your pet’s liking, don’t let it go on an independent journey through the house. This is especially important for those who often open windows and doors that can create through ventilation: lowering the temperature in this way greatly undermines the health of the turtle.
For the same reason, an ultraviolet lamp is necessarily located above the terrarium in which it settles. It should burn only during periods of cooling in the apartment, as well as 1-2 times a week, heating the dwelling of the turtle. In general, the optimum temperature here is 25 degrees. If the air warms up so well in an apartment in the summer, you can even take the land turtle for a walk around the house.
Secondly, cleaning the terrarium for the land tortoise implies a complete replacement of the soil, which is done monthly. More often it is necessary only to eliminate the pollution that has appeared, but it does not make sense to touch the soil. More importantly, establish a specific feeding regime for land turtles. Regardless of age, individuals should receive food 4 times a day, while the menu always contains coarse fiber, represented by cabbage, beets and greens - grass.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the moment when, for some reason, the turtle does not receive water and food for a certain period. How does this affect its lifespan? Most species of this decorative armor can live without food and liquid for several months, and those that hibernate for a whole year. And again such a feature is noted in sluggish turtles. This property affects their metabolic processes: their speeds are so low that they allow you to live long enough on what has been ingested for a very long time. However, in conditions of captivity, you should not be negligent about feeding a turtle, especially a land one.
Thus, we can say that the total life expectancy of turtles in a city apartment is 20 years. With proper care and climate, the pet will live much longer, so these numbers are largely dependent on you. But in any case, to equalize the dates with those that are fixed in the natural environment, of course, will not work.