An evergreen shrub, resembling a small bush in its shape, is a handsome hibiscus. There is a lot varieties of spectacular and beautiful hibiscus, but the most famous species for growing at home is the Chinese rose.
Hibiscus can please simple, semi-double or terry flowers. They can be up to 16 cm in diameter and have very different colors. Beautiful hibiscus blooms from early spring to late autumn. If you follow the rules of caring for him at home, he can bloom all year round. To enjoy this miracle, it remains only to find out the features and rules of care for him.
Hibiscus. Care rules
Hibiscus - quite unpretentious plant, It feels very good in the conditions of an ordinary city apartment. He does not like sudden changes in temperature. It is very important for him to maintain a constant temperature. In winter, temperatures should not fall below 12. 0C. With a decrease in temperature, the number of irrigations should be reduced.
- If the house is warm and dry air, hibiscus should be sprayed with water.
- Hibiscus needs good lighting. He likes windows located in the south, east or west, but suffers from direct sunlight.
- In the spring and summer months it is advisable to water the hibiscus often and plentifully, and take it out to the fresh air. In winter, watering should be reduced, but the earth should not dry out.
- For indoor hibiscus pots are perfect.
- The main condition for the proper care of hibiscus - ensuring good drainage. A suitable primer that can provide it is Ceramis granulate.
- If hibiscus does not bloom, it is necessary to feed it with nitrogen, potash and phosphate mineral fertilizers, designed specifically for flowering plants. These fertilizers contain the necessary elements that can provide hibiscus necessary substances for flowering.
- For normal growth, he needs enough space, as the plant reaches a fairly large size.
How to replant hibiscus at home?
- Young hibiscus is desirable to replant each year. Upon reaching 10 years of transplantation is sufficient to carry out once every 4 years. Mature plants can not replant, for them, it is enough to replace the top layer of earth by adding charcoal. At the same time dried shoots and leaves are removed.
- Hibiscus need to be transplanted at a time when the roots are heavily braided around the earth. It is best to transplant the flower in early spring, mixing in a ratio of 1: 1: 2 humus, sheet and clay-sod land, you can add sand.
- To improve the growth of young shoots, where new buds will grow, a small amount of roots can be cut at the time of transplantation. After the hibiscus has been replanted, cut the branches so that they become 1/3 smaller than the initial length. Cuttings that remain after pruning can be used for breeding. This will accelerate the growth of young shoots, beneficially affect the future flowering and form a beautiful flower crown.
- In order for hibiscus to bloom in autumn or winter, transplantation should be carried out in May. Up to this point, it is undesirable to touch it, rarely water it, and after transplantation and subsequent pruning, resume normal care at home.
- In July, you need to do additional pruning. Thanks to her Flower buds will ripen in hibiscus in early autumn. If he does not show any signs of life after transplantation, do not worry. Exactly in 3 months he will wake up and new green leaflets and bright flowers will appear on it. During this period, water it once a week, more is undesirable.
- Be sure to loosen the hibiscus soil from time to time. Feed hibiscus after transplantation should be once a week, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers.
Growing hibiscus at home
- In summer, the optimal temperature for hibiscus is the temperature from 20 to 250C, in the winter - a little lower. In the presence of central heating flower must be sprayed. Syrian hibiscus, unlike others, easily tolerates low temperatures in winter. In the shade, the flower can stand, but it will bloom much worse, so it is better to put it in a well-lit place. When it is very hot outside, hibiscus needs to be prettier. In winter, good lighting is also desirable for him. The flower can be put on the balcony, just be sure to protect it from wind and rain.
- Hibiscus can not be watered with cold water, it should be at room temperature. In summer, it should be fed with mineral fertilizer with mullein, diluted in a ratio of 1 to 10. From mid-August, nitrogen in the fertilizer decreases.
- In winter, only potassium and phosphorus can be applied once a month at half the usual dose.
- For hibiscus transplantation, cuttings are used that remain after pruning. It is best to plant a new hibiscus in February, March or in August. The stalk can be dipped in water so that it takes roots or planted in a light mixture of sand and turf, covered with a glass jar and placed in a warm place.
- Within 3 weeks the stalk of hibiscus must root. After that, it can be seated in separate cups. After planting, hibiscus begins to bloom only the next year, very rarely in the planting season.
- Hibiscus is very vulnerable to whitefly, spider mites and aphids. You can cope with pests by following the rules of home care and using special preparations to combat them.
Hibiscus came to us from far away tropical Africa. It is very beautiful and unusual, which made it a common plant for residential premises. You will certainly find useful additional information about hibiscus in the article Hibiscus or Sudanese rose.
Hibiscus is an evergreen shrub, resembling the size of a small tree. It has oval-shaped green leaves with serrated edges. A bright hibiscus flower in diameter can reach 15 cm and delight in a variety of colors. If you have enough space at home and you love beautiful tropical flowers, hibiscus will be able to please you with a rich palette of its flowers.The article Hibiscus (karkade): useful properties will tell you about the beneficial properties of this plant.
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