Chaenomeles translates from Greek as "chop the apple." Maybe because its fruits resemble apples? And henomeles, or his more famous name - quince, called northern lemon. This is due to the high content in the fruits of vitamin C and a variety of organic acids. In addition, the similarity with the lemon fruits give a similar peculiar smell, sour taste and color of the fruit.
Chaenomeles are mainly small trees or deciduous or semi-evergreen shrubs. In height they grow from a meter to six. Shoots can be both prickly and not prickly. Leaves are alternate with stipules, jagged or serrated edges. Foliage lasts until mid-autumn.
Chaenomeles flowers rather large, they can be either single or collected by several (from two to six) in a brush. Petals are usually five, the color from white, pink to scarlet-red. Chaenomeles blooms to leaf bloom for about three to four weeks.
Quince fruits Japanese large, apple-shaped or pear-shaped, yellow-green or amber-yellow, fragrant, sour-tasting. Brown seeds ripen in early fall (September - October).
Types of henomeles
In culture, there are four main species-forming species of chamenomes. These include henomeles japanese, Chinese henomeles, Chaenomeles is beautiful and henomeles Mauleya (Quince low).
From these species obtained hybrid groups: henomeles hybrid clark, henomeles hybrid luxury, henomeles hybrid Vilmorena, henomeles californian.Already in the selected hybrid groups obtained a variety of cultivars.
Henomeles japanese, or Japanese quince, has a few varieties and three varieties: actually henomeles japanese, henomeles japanese dwarf and henomeles alpine.
Growing Japanese Chaenomeles
- Chaenomeles Japanese - photophilous and winter-hardy plant. The composition of the soil and the amount of moisture the plant is undemanding. But it grows better on light soils rich in organic fertilizers (humus).
- Chaenomeles Japanese usually does not freeze in mild winters; only the tips of the underexposed shoots can freeze slightly. But in fierce, severe, frosty winters (with frosts with temperatures below -25 ° C), the whole plant can suffer greatly. True, the roots will usually remain and remain viable. For the protection of Japanese henomeles from freezing is necessary spud, cover it with snow.
- BreedsJapanese henomeles, or Japanese quince, seeds, cuttings, layering, and vaccinations. Seeds can multiply henomeles both in spring and autumn. For spring sowing, seeds must be stratified for two to three months..
- Flowering and fruiting of propagated seeds of new plants begins only in the fourth, sometimes even the fifth year. Vaccinations are usually made on a pear or an ordinary quince, as well as to obtain new varieties of another species or even a variety. Japanese henomeles are also propagated dividing the bushes.
Pests and diseases of henomeles Japanese
Pests and diseases in henomeles, or Japanese quince, were not found. Perhaps the plant is very resistant to diseases and parasites.
Using Japanese henomeles
The practical use of Japanese henomeles is very wide. Chaenomeles Japanese - an ornamental plant, it can be grown to create hedges, to create tiers in your garden, to decorate the appearance of the garden as its flowering and fruiting appearance.
Widely and everywhere, where people are accustomed to grow henomeles, use its fruits. They are very aromatic, sour taste. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, which is extremely useful for strengthening human immunity. Therefore, from the fruits of henomeles prepare jams, compotes, jams, jelly. In their raw form they can also be consumed, if you can, of course, withstand its sour-tart taste.
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