The hawthorn genus is quite extensive. It has more than forty species of plants. Basically, they all have medicinal properties and are used in medicine.
Prickly hawthorn is presented in the form of a shrub plant that can grow up to five meters. This is a thorny specimen, as it is supplied with thorns. The leaves are oblong deep green above and lighter below.
Prickly hawthorn has well-developed shoots, covered with a purple-brown penalty. The spines are in the nodes of the leaves.
Hawthorn spines are dense, large, straight and in length can grow up to four centimeters.
During the flowering period you can observe neat white flowers. They are not singly arranged, but are collected in inflorescences. Most of them can be observed at the very ends of the branches. Flowering occurs in spring, about May - June.
The hawthorn fruit is thorny in appearance and very similar to a small apple. Edible, but not for everybody, because its taste is sweet and sour. Fruiting occurs in summer in such a way that by August the fruits are fully ripe.
The territory of Kazakhstan and Western Europe is considered to be the birthplace of prickly hawthorn. In Russia, the prickly hawthorn does not occur in its natural habitat, but is planted specifically as an ornamental plant.
Without exception, hawthorn, including hawthorn, thorny long-liver. The maximum lifespan is three hundred years.
Flowering and fruiting begins at the age of fifteen.
Use hawthorn prickly
- Fruits and leaves of hawthorn prickly are used in traditional medicine. And the plant itself is used as a decorative element for creating design projects in landscape design.
- Most often used as a single landing. It can be involved in planting groups, consisting of both hardwood and a mixture of hardwood and coniferous species.
- The hedge from thorny hawthorn bushes looks quite beautiful. Due to the wide sprawling crown, the landing looks like a densely formed.
Landing hawthorn prickly
The plant is not too demanding in terms of planting and growing.
Seat should be well lit. To the soil, the prickly hawthorn is not particularly picky. However, it is best to plant it in fertile heavy land provided with natural or artificial drainage.
Drought tolerate well.
You can plant acquired young shrubs, seeds, branches, inoculation or even root suckers.
Prepare the landing holes at a distance of up to twenty centimeters from each other. In depth, they should be up to sixty centimeters. At the bottom of the landing pit, pour gravel, river pebbles or bit brick. These funds alone or in combination will provide good drainage.
Then add mineral fertilizers to each hole and plant the prickly hawthorn. Deepen the plant is not worth it.
Water well after planting.
Very comfortable fit in the trench.
Caring hawthorn prickly
To your hedge widespread in the side, it is cut. Interestingly, in the first year of development, all shoots are cut off and only a small process of hawthorn remains, which rises above the ground to a distance of fifteen centimeters at most. The second year is characterized by trimming the plant only at half the height that has been formed (achieved). In the third year, only the upper branches are cut, and even then not completely, but only their tips.
Subsequently, the plant is given the desired shape and maintained in proper neat condition every four to six weeks. If you cut the plant less than this period, then the original form can be missed, and besides, such a haircut will be longer in time.
Be sure to water your hedge and make annual fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Remove weeds and loosen the soil.
Keep your plants healthy.,