Upholstered furniture, like any other thing used daily, tends to lose its attractive appearance with time. If its frame is almost not deformed, the upholstery becomes dim, gradually wiped out, thinned. However, this is not a reason to buy a new sofa or chair: after all, you can independently restore upholstered furniture, replacing part of its materials.
Hauling furniture do-it-yourself: video and recommendations
It should be noted that the restoration of upholstered furniture is not spent 1-2 hours, and sometimes 1-2 days, depending on its size. To change the upholstery on the dining chair is much faster than to completely renew the sofa. In addition, the product is given time to dry, so you should prepare for the fact that in the next day it will be unavailable for use. But no matter how large the volumes of furniture to work with, the set of tools is first prepared.
To replace the upholstery, you will need pliers and a large construction stapler with a set of staples (the preferred size is 1-1.5 cm) in the amount of 2 packs, a clerical knife, as well as a loop cutter, a tape measure, a hammer, a Phillips-head screwdriver and a flat one. To mark the details on the fabric, you can use chalk and a pencil with a solid stylus, to fasten the upholstery you will need buttons and needles, as well as thick threads.
With the material for the waist, there are also nuances: most often during this procedure not only the upholstery, but also the filler, which also wears out, changes. Therefore, foam rubber (most often used in the restoration of furniture) is first covered with rough rough fabric, and finishing material is superimposed and fixed on top of it.
The main fabric for upholstery usually becomes velor, tapestry, jacquard, sometimes flock is acquired. Their choice depends only on the style of the interior, which will fit the furniture after its update. Dimensions are specified in advance, after creating the drawings. Approximately 5 m may be required for a chair, 2.5–3 m for a chair. For the sofa, accordingly, much more material is needed. The draft can be any - usually it is any inexpensive rough cut that sits on the glue.
Slightly more nuances when choosing foam mats, which will be covered with upholstery: thicker options - 35-46 units are suitable for the seat, for the sidewalls you can buy thin - 25-30 units. The main criteria that should be guided at this moment are the rigidity and density of the material: they must be comfortable. But it should be remembered that too soft foam rubber is deformed many times faster, which will speed up the moment of the new waist of furniture.
Restoration of upholstered furniture: changing upholstered dining chair
Samples in updating furniture upholstery professionals recommend starting with small items: for example, a dining chair or pouf. They spend less time and materials, and the fear of spoiling something is not as great as when working with a sofa, couch, etc. Starting stage - the separation of the chair into details. The seat and back, if it needs a waist, unscrew. After which, with pliers and a screwdriver, you should consistently remove the clips holding the old padding.
Then begins the creation of drawings and determining the required dimensions of the cut. For this, 3 parameters of the seat and backrest are measured: height, width and length. If the shape is not clearly rectangular, but has rounded corners, it is required to count by the maximum points. The fabric sizes are only 2: length and width. Therefore, to calculate them, the height multiplied by 3 is added to the same values obtained by measuring the part. That is, if the length of the part is 33, and the width at the extreme points is 27, and the height is 7 cm, then the piece of fabric is acquired with dimensions of 54 by 48 cm.
On the sheet of foam rubber fit the part with the seamy side up, outlined along the contour, and the desired shape is cut from the foam rubber. Then it is retracted to the side, the fabric acquired for upholstery is placed on a flat surface, which is located inside out. It also fits a part that will fit. A contour is drawn with a pencil or chalk, but it should be cut out so that you can bend and fix the edges later. The indent is usually equal to the height of the part with an increase of 7-9 cm, which will be on the wrong side.
Foam is inserted into the part, if it is a seat, and sits on the glue, if it is the back. A draft fabric is superimposed on top of it, without which you can do without, but professionals recommend using it in hauling furniture. It is easiest to do this if you spread it also on a flat surface, place the back or the seat face down on top, and make sure that the fabric is even and does not fold or crease anywhere.
Then its edges are bent inward, embracing the part, and fixed with glue for fabric. Work should be in the direction from the periphery to the center. At the same time be sure to follow the uniform tension of the material. In this way it is necessary to walk around the perimeter of the part.
The edges are bent and secured last. First, the top is wrapped in the center, then the corners formed on the sides are laid symmetrically on it, so that the place of their contact forms a diagonal. Be sure to fix this position with glue or thick threads.
The same tightening algorithm should be repeated already for finishing fabric, but the brackets are made from a large stapler. In the end, they are hit with a hammer so that they do not fly out by accident. Excess material, if any, needs to be cut.
To facilitate the process of fixing the finishing fabric with staples, you can use a simpler algorithm: first stretch the material and fix it in the center on each opposite side, having worked crosswise - from above and below, and then on the sides. After that, moving away from the center, add 1 bracket on each side, constantly keeping the tension of the fabric under control.
Such a move allows you to more evenly fix the upholstery without causing distortions, which is possible when working with each side separately. At the end of the procedure, it is desirable to treat the product with a preparation that protects it from external influence, and leave it to dry for 24-36 hours. After that, the parts are screwed back to the chair.
Update sofa or chair
To be engaged in restoration of more dimensional furniture - sofas, armchairs, etc. - recommended if there is a minimum practice in this matter. The general algorithm remains the same, but the parts that need to be drawn become larger: the seat, the back, the side parts. In addition, more material is expended. And for some pieces of furniture it is very difficult to remove the old coating: for example, the Soviet sofa-book. Therefore, there will have to be patient.
Eliminating the previous upholstery, it is important not to remove it with flaps: it is desirable to keep its original shape, since it will be much more convenient to determine the dimensions of the cut and new upholstery using it rather than re-measure the parameters of the product and calculate the desired values. However, new fabric (finishing and rough) is bought with an increase in size of 10-15%.
Replacing foam or not - depends on the degree of its deterioration. If the decision is positive, it is necessary to find the optimal rigidity. Here you should take the advice of professionals and make up the filling of 2 layers of foam rubber: dense core and softer additional.
In the process of furniture analysis, it is recommended to take photographs of each step in order not to detect “extra” elements at the final stage, entangled in the reassembly. If, when working with a chair, the draft fabric, pulled on the foam rubber, was put on the glue, then with the waist of the sofa it should be fixed with staples. Here, an extra layer of them will not work, because the filler is embedded in the frame, and the attachments for the draft and finishing materials are located at a distance from each other.
In the case when it is necessary to change some parts of the furniture - for example, to increase the sidewalls, the foam rubber thickness is taken on them the same as on the seat, or even slightly larger: 35-40 units. The sidewall is laid with the outer area on the foam sheet, a drawing is drawn with chalk for its upper part, which rises from the seat to the armrest itself. This is usually half the height of the sidewall.
The foam is planned to allow the right and left, equal to 0.6-0.7 cm, which will allow to wrap the part, thus increasing its volume. The foam rubber cut by the knife in the same wrapped state is fixed with brackets to the sidewall, after which the rough fabric is put on and fixed, and the finishing fabric is attached to it. Actions with a back and a seat at a sofa are similar to those that were made with a chair.
An important point in the replacement of upholstery - tracking pattern, which must be the same for the entire product. The rest of the scheme is simple: disassembling furniture, removing the old material, replacing foam rubber, wrapping it with rough fabric, fixing and applying finishing upholstery. Having managed to drag the chair, you will easily master the restoration of more dimensional objects. In this case, it will be much easier and more economical for you to update the interior of your home.