Gzhel painting is truly amazing - only 2 colors, but any pattern made in this technology has such vitality and volume that it is hard to believe in its nature. The masters of Gzhel even from a few simple curls create real masterpieces, and I want to join them. At home, without studying with a professional, you can also master the basic moments of the Gzhel painting and try yourself to decorate any ceramic product.
Gzhel painting: the basics of technology
All the beauty of this picture is achieved through a mixture of 2 colors, which allows you to get a large number of shades between pure royal blue and dazzling white. At the same time, technology implies both their contrasting transitions, and stretching through the shading, and even the almost complete darkening of blue to black. All this is done as a change of brushes, and pre-mixing shades, and even combining them on the pile at the same time.
- The complexity of the Gzhel painting - the development of brush movements. The width and density of the stroke, the thickness of the layer of paint on each of the parts of the pile, its direction - there are no minor nuances here. Therefore, all beginners need to first work out the basic elements, where gradually, step by step, new and new techniques are connected.
- The black and white spot plays a significant role. If you analyze the drawings made by this technology, you can see that the shades are arranged in the composition according to a certain pattern. This is almost a smooth transition from a clean, bright spot (which is the center of the picture) to dark edges, to which the saturation and depth of color are enhanced. It is quite possible and the opposite option, when small parts at the edges go into the lighted haze, and large central elements, on the contrary, are dark, thick.
It is important to remember that elements of the Gzhel painting always accompany smoothness, softness, roundness of lines, ease in the transitions of shades, even if they have a contrasting joint (it will always have a light stretch), small details along the edge.
How are the elements of Gzhel painting?
If you look at the pictures with Gzhel painting, you can see that the main elements, repeating absolutely in any works, are strokes and lines, complemented by floral ornaments. This is due to the fact that the "plant" theme is the most popular direction in this technology, along with the "ornamental", which is necessary for the decoration of the periphery.
In Gzhel painting there are several basic techniques that differ in the position of the brush, the working length of its pile, the direction of movement. Of these, the following are considered basic:
- "Sitchik". Used brush with a thin long pile, which involved only the tip. Typically, this technology makes fine details that are the ornament of a particular element - curls, waves, etc.: the basic patterns of Gzhel painting. In this case, usually in the course goes pure color, without transition between them.
- "Chinese smear". The most interesting and most complex technique, in which both colors are immediately picked up on the brush, or 1, but with a pile, and the elements are carried out continuously by this brush, while the color saturation on the surface gradually fades away. Then the paint is recruited again, and again, as the elements are removed, the paint fades, becoming softer.
- "Smear with a shadow." According to some sources - a kind of "Chinese": the paint is also collected on a common brush, the correct proportion of blue and white is pre-selected, their thickness on the pile is adjusted. Brush movements are carried out in such a way that the blue area is always thick, saturated, has a shadow, and the light surrounds it with a light halo, dispelling color.
Phased drawing at technology shadow brush strokes
This technique is called the “double stroke” technique or the “Chinese stroke” technique, and the resulting elements look spectacular not only in the classic blue and white range, but in different shades, as well as in the deduction of figures not related to Gzhel painting. To make such a simple flower, you will need:
- acrylic paint of blue and white colors (the most convenient for training);
- water in a glass;
- mixing palette;
- a thick sheet of watercolor paper or drawing surface to be drawn;
- brushes of different sizes with squirrel or taclon nap, necessarily flat, the cut may be either in the form of a petal, or even or bevelled: only the shape of the element you receive will depend on it.
The drawing begins with the elaboration of the “double stroke” reception itself: you will need paints, a brush and a palette.
- Drop onto the palette next to each other in portions of white and blue paint. Carefully pull their edges together to introduce shades into each other. Attach the brush to the drops so that the rich dark blue is at the base of the pile, the purest white is at its edge. The plane of the brush you need to make a couple of caressing movements on the palette, to finally exalt the transition between shades.
- A simple stroke is performed through the usual laying of the brush plane on the surface and holding it perpendicular to the hair. That is, the grease must not mix colors, as it was when ottoshevke on a nap, and display them in parallel. Watch for brush pressure to prevent color patches.
- It turned out to hold a uniform line? You can start to deform it. Lay the brush as flat, but now redistribute the weight so that most of it is at the end of the pile, and gently rotate the brush to the side, making it easy to rotate 180 degrees. Coming to the end of rotation, move the weight to the bottom of the pile and repeat the same action, but now with respect to the new point of support. You should have a wave or letter "S" laid on its side. Continuing to alternate zones with weight, output a long soft wave.
- When this pattern is mastered, angularity is added to it: make an ascending wave, but dropping to the bottom point, do not transfer the weight to another zone - leave it there, on the edge of the pile, and again bring the wave up. The same thing separately will need to repeat the opposite. It is from these elements that the petals of most flowers in the Gzhel mural are added.
- "Drops" in the technique of a shadow smear are the most difficult due to the special position and rotation of the brush, as well as the need to quickly and elegantly remove it from a sheet or other surface. Where there will be a “head” of a drop, the brush is placed with full weight, often with the base of the pile, then rotates around it and begins to pull to the side. At the same time, the pressure decreases and the line narrows. As soon as it reaches the minimum thickness, the pile must be removed from the surface, allowing it to go even 0.5-1 mm for the most elegant breakage.
- When single "drops" are mastered, try to carry them next to each other: it will be the side petals of the flower.
- The last task, which is set before you when mastering a shadow stroke, is to combine all the techniques worked in a single flower. Upper and lower semicircle as its center, drops as framing petals. And the simplest elements — points and lines — are at the core for stamens.
Gzhel painting is a technology available even to children. Professionals recommend starting workouts with simple “copy-books” made on their own: print a single basic element, leave a contour and a sufficient amount of free space next to them, and try to repeat. And when you do not need to follow the blanks anymore, try to carry out the same patterns separately and together with each other in order to gradually reach full-fledged drawings.