Growing petunias at home

26-09-2018
Home and hobby

Petunia is considered the most common summer flower. Long flowering and stamina made from petunias darling florist.

Growing petunia at home is easy. She almost does not get sick and pleases with flowering until the cold. How to grow such a beauty at home and how to care for her?

Growing petunias at home

Planting petunias at home

  1. Buy petunia seeds can be in any flower shop. Soil for planting seeds is better to initially calcined in the oven, in order to avoid harmful bacteria in the plant. Capacity for seedlings is half filled with soil and well leveled.
  2. The seeds are mixed with sand to better separate them from each other and are planted in a well-moistened soil in mid-March. Seeds on the surface are distributed evenly with a match, the earth is not covered. Sprayed on top of the spray gun, the container is covered with a film and placed in a well-lit, warm place.
  3. Seed germination usually occurs after 2 weeks, after which the film is removed. After more than 5 leaves appear on the seedlings, it can be planted outside. It is desirable to do this in the middle of May, when the earth is warm enough.
  4. Petunia, planted in this way, will bloom in mid-June and will delight you with flowering until late autumn.

Growing petunias at home

Soil for growing petunias

  • For the cultivation of petunia, be sure to highlight the bright spot.. According to the principle of growth, it is very similar to a garden carnation, which is also not picky to the soil, but it is better to choose a good soil.
  • If you plant petunias in a pot, then the ground should be crumbly, well breathable, moisture-absorbing, nutritious. Not be superfluous to good drainage.
  • Experienced growers are advised to prepare the soil, consisting of 2 parts of sod land, 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand.
  • To create greater friability, use perlite. All the necessary ingredients can be purchased at the nearest gardening shop.

Petunia care at home

Varieties of petunias with large flowers are considered more capricious than small flowers. They require more heat and light and categorically do not tolerate damp and cold. If the weather deteriorates, the flower may stop blooming and sometimes even die.

Growing petunias at home

Also dangerous for such flowers are torrential rains with strong wind. Bad weather can cause damage to the leaves and the root system, which affects further flowering. This is where the advantage of potted petunia is felt, since such a flower can be easily protected from the vagaries of nature.

So that the stem and leaves of petunia do not grow up, but form into a bush, still at the stage of active growth pinch the top when 4-5 leaves form. In adult plants, pruning of long shoots is performed, which also contributes to the formation of a shrub. You should certainly remove the faded flowers, it will help in the formation of new inflorescences.

Watering and dressing petunias

Petunia will normally transfer overdrying and remoistening, if both are short-lived, otherwise for a flower it will end in ruin. Adequate watering (3-4 times a week) will be the key to the continuous flowering of petunias. You can also pamper her with periodic spraying.

Growing petunias at home

If the weather is hot, you can water every day. With sufficient drainage and moisture permeability of the soil, waterlogging of the soil and stagnation of water are almost excluded. To prevent damage to the flowers and the stem, pour petunia under the root.

In addition to watering for continuous flowering petunia need to fertilize. Gardeners for this use the usual mineral fertilizer. Perfectly suitable complex water-soluble fertilizers "Kristalin" or "Kemira-lux" every 2 weeks.

Diseases and pests of petunias

The first signal to the disease of petunia will be yellowed leaves. The reasons for this may be different: improper temperature, improper irrigation, the appearance of a pest, chlorosis.

Chlorosis appears due to an increase in calcium content in water or soil, thereby showing iron deficiency. In such a situation, the formation of chlorophyll is disturbed, and the process of photosynthesis slows down. The result will be yellowed leaves, dried roots and stem, foliage grows smaller. To eliminate this problem, feed the petunia fertilizer with iron.

Growing petunias at home

When excessive watering, thick sowing, dense soilPetunia stem can infect the black leg fungus. You can get rid of it only by removing the affected plants and the soil around them with the obligatory treatment with a pesticide. The fertilizer surplus may also lead to such consequences.

Petunia flowers can be different: small, larger, resembling a bell, or similar to double roses, bush or ampelous. With the help of petunias decorate the courtyards, with the facades of houses, balconies. Her flowers will surely delight you with their impeccably bright blooms. And our tips will help you to dissolve petunia at home and enjoy its bloom for a long time!