Many people love mushrooms, but not everyone has the opportunity to go after them to the forest: either there is no time, or they are not so familiar with the mushroom variety. That is why it is best to give preference to cultivated mushrooms that can be grown at home.
Oyster mushrooms - the most popular mushrooms for breeding at home. They are very tasty and nutritious, and will like all households without fail. They are absolutely safe for health, and having grown them at home, you will be sure that you have grown them in the most favorable and environmentally friendly conditions.
Ways to grow oyster mushrooms at home
Oyster mushrooms at home can be grown in two ways: indoors or in beds.
In the beds of oyster mushrooms grow only within 5 months, while in closed premises - all year round. If you want to grow oyster mushrooms in the garden, then take care in advance about the stock of wood from species such as poplar, linden, willow, aspen, but not oak, ash or coniferous wood. A large number of resinous substances that make up coniferous trees, prevents the growth of oyster. In early spring, but not later than April, put the prepared wood in water for 4-5 days. At the end of spring you can make a mycelium in logs and expect the first harvest in August.
When growing oyster mushrooms indoors, use sawdust or straw as a substrate. In this case, after the sprouting of the mycelium after 8 weeks, the first fungi will appear.
The most common method of growing oyster mushrooms due to availability is the method of planting in enclosed spaces. During the year, at home with this method of growing oyster mushrooms, you can get at least 5 harvests.
How to grow oyster mushroom at home?
- In order to grow mushrooms at home, you will need a mycelium, a special substrate and a bag.
- Take an ordinary plastic bag out of sugar or flour and put a ready substrate into it. For the substrate, use a variety of organic waste. This may be straw, and the shell of the seeds, and sawdust. Mix them in any proportion. If you decide to use straw, then before you add it to the package, chop it, this will facilitate the germination of oyster mushrooms.
- Next, cook a large pot, pour cold water and heat it to 70.0Since then lower there a packet with a substrate. Press down the bag so that it does not float to the surface, and cook for 3 hours. Then take it out and hang it for 12 hours.
- Before sowing the mycelium, be sure to check the temperature in the package. It should not be above 280C. Add to the substrate mycelium in the ratio of 10 kg 300 g of mycelium and mix. Tie the bag and hang it in a room where the temperature is between 18 and 22.0C. At the bottom of the package, make a small hole to drain excess moisture, this will prevent the mycelium from rotting.
- After 4 days in the package, make 4 vertical cuts, placing them in a checkerboard pattern.
- After 3 weeks of them, the first oyster mushrooms grown by you at home will seem. By this time, the substrate in the package will become white as the entire mycelium will germinate.
- Such a package usually bears fruit within 3 months. Oyster mushrooms will grow in waves. Usually, the first harvest is the most abundant. After 5 harvests, prepare the new mycelium best, and use the substrate as a fertilizer, as it is unlikely that the oyster mushrooms will once again delight you with a good harvest.
Growing oyster mushrooms in logs
In order for the oyster mushroom harvest to be abundant and of high quality, first of all, it is necessary to select high-quality seed. It is almost impossible to distinguish between bad and good mycelium, therefore it is best to focus on a well-known manufacturer.
Oyster mushrooms grow very well on logs. Moisturize the log before making the mycelium. If logs are used as a substrate, then it is necessary to grind the mycelium mycelium, put it on its end, then sprinkle it with wet sawdust and wrap it in plastic wrap. In the log you can make notches or drill holes to add mycelium, and then close the holes and wrap them with a film. After about 3 months, a mycelium should germinate inside the logs. If the mycelium was planted in early March, then in June it is better to move the container with the substrate to the balcony, but to put it in a shaded place. It is also necessary to maintain the humidity of the substrate around the logs.
The classic cultivation of oyster mushrooms
For growing oyster mushrooms at home, you can use corn stalks or chopped straw as a substrate. The smaller the material, the easier the fungus spores will grow inside.
- Moisten the substrate so that when it is squeezed out of it stood out a drop of water.
- Tamper the finished substrate as tightly as possible into plastic crates or buckets.
- Now deposit the mycelium into the prepared substrate.
- In the substrate consisting of straw, make holes at a distance of 20 cm from each other and 5 cm in depth.
- Then add crushed mycelium into them, tighten the surface with a film so that the substrate does not dry out.
- To oyster mushroom sprouted, they need a shady place, protected from drafts.
- In the straw substrate oyster mushroom spawn grows in a month. In this case, the surface of such a substrate should be well lit, and the room should have good ventilation. From time to time, water the straw so that it does not dry out.
See also:How are oyster mushrooms useful?
Oyster mushrooms - very tasty, and most importantly, safe mushrooms. Their yields are very high, and therefore oyster mushrooms can often be found in the autumn forest, lurking on the stump. The taste of these mushrooms resembles the taste of champignon. If you do not have time to walk in the forest, then oyster mushrooms are very easy to grow yourself at home. You can plant them in the garden or allocate them a little space at home. In any case, observing the simple rules of cultivation of oyster mushrooms at home, you can enjoy their excellent taste all year round.