Now, in indoor conditions, subtropical crops are grown with flowers, among which there is a wide spread lemon. On an evergreen tree at the same time you can observe ripening fruits, buds, flowers, ovaries of various sizes. This factor gives the plant a decorative effect and makes the interior of the living room more comfortable.
Lemon leaves emit a refreshing smell and emit special volatile substances into the air - phytoncides, with the help of which the room is disinfected. Grow a lemon tree at home is possible, if you follow a number of rules.
Growing homemade lemon
- Home-grown lemon is a perennial dwarf tree. Fruits grown at home are much smaller than those sold on the market. But in terms of the content of useful components, they are not inferior to those bought in the market.
- On homemade lemon you can grow up to 20 fruits, if you provide it with proper care. Lemon fruits should be removed from the tree as soon as they turn yellow (the diameter of the fruit should reach 5-7 cm), carefully trimming them with shears. Over-grown fruits will adversely affect the formation of growth and, also, reduce the quality of fruiting.
Growing a room lemon from the stone
Growing a fruiting lemon from a stone is rather difficult, it is easier to grow a tree from a cutting.
- For soil preparation mix 2 tbsp. ordinary garden land, 1 tbsp. l ash, 3 tbsp. l humus and 1 tbsp. sand. Better if the sand is river. All this will need to mix and add water until a monotonous mass. Mix to fill the entire pot, leaving no voids around the roots. After six months, you will need to transplant the lemon in a pot 5 cm larger in diameter, with the same composition of the soil.
- Forgrowing indoor lemon will require the largest and most healthy bones, which you extracted from the fruit. In the ground, the seeds are planted immediately after extraction, in order to avoid drying.
- For lemon seedlings, you can take a small pot with a water hole. At the bottom of the pot pour a layer of drainage, then - prepared soil. Bones are planted to a depth of 1.5 - 2 cm. It is better to plant several bones at once, in order to choose the most healthy and strong plant. After the seeds are immersed in the ground, cover the pots with a transparent film.
- No need to buy soil in specialized stores. Due to high peat content such a soil for growing lemon will not work.
- We pour a lemon with care, and it is better - only we spray. The temperature in the process of germination should be + 18-20 C. After a few weeks shoots should appear. As soon as a second pair of leaves appeared on the plant, the film can be removed and the lemon can be transferred to the illuminated place.
- In order for a tree grown from a stone to bear fruit, it must be planted. It is necessary to cut a 2-3 year old branch from a fruiting plant, take a bud (eye) from it for transplanting. Choose the most mature kidney, make a horizontal incision 1 cm above it, and another 1.5 cm below. Insert the knife into the upper cut, moving the knife blade gradually down. The kidney along with the wood is removed and left in a wet place. Vaccination is best done in May or August.
Lemon growing conditions at home
- Watering. For watering the plant, it is desirable to use separated water at room temperature. Water for irrigation needs to be settled for at least 24 hours in an open container before removing chlorine, which is harmful to lemon. You can use the water extracted from the well, but be sure to be heated to room temperature. Refuse rainwater, it may contain many impurities. Determine the degree of moisture by the degree of stickiness of the soil. As soon as the top layer of soil begins to crumble, the plant needs to be watered. Water it so that the roots are not exposed. Watering should be carried out until such time as water appears in the pan. So you will provide sufficient moisture.
- Top dressing. For growth and regular fruiting, the plant requires abundant feeding. For fertilizing, you can use any fertilizer intended for indoor plants, for example, "Rainbow". It is not necessary to use growth accelerators, so you can destroy the tree. Strengthen feeding is necessary when the intensive phase of growth takes place, and the plant requires additional forces for the accumulation of useful substances for fruit ripening. Stop fertilizing need for a period of winter months.
- Place for lemon. The lemon tree will grow beautifully on the windowsill, but away from the battery, as it needs a certain amount of humidity. You can have it on any window, including the north. In winter, overcooling of the roots may occur due to impaired water circulation from the roots to the leaves. To avoid this problem, wind up the pot with a tree with insulating cloth and put a piece of foam under the pot. Consider that the plant is afraid of drafts and dry rooms. At humidity less than 40% it can dry out. In cold weather, close to lemon, place a container with water.
- Crop.Lemon will begin to produce offspring on the branches of the fourth and fifth order, so the plant should be pruned. As soon as the young tree reaches 20 cm, in the beginning of spring, before the period of active growth has begun, it is necessary to cut off the crown, leaving a few buds on it. Subsequently, shoots will begin to grow from these buds. Do the same with grown branches, leaving buds for other shoots. We repeat this procedure until the fifth order branches appear on the tree that will bear fruit. Before the start of fruiting should take several years. Be sure to remember - to feed one fruit you need at least 10 leaves on a tree, so take care of them.
- Stay outside.With increasing air temperature up to + 10 ° C, a lemon can be put on the balcony or in the courtyard. For the first week the plant is put in the shade. Place it in the ground so that the levels of the pot and the soil match. Cover the soil in a pot with moss or dry foliage in a layer of 2 cm. This method will protect the lemon from drying out. Water the tree in the evening, only as the soil dries. No need to bring the soil to acidification with excess moisture. In this case, the lemon will stop growing, the soil will turn green, brown spots will appear on the leaves, and they will begin to fall off. If sour soil in the pot has occurred, then the plant should be transplanted with the replacement of the soil. In the autumn before the cold weather tree in the house.
- At home, lemons can be very warm, but not enough lighting. From November to early March, in rooms where the lemon is located, there should be dry air and + 8-10 C. In rare cases, the plant can be kept at t +18 C, only increase the humidity of the air. Plant placed away from heaters that dry the air. Spray lemon water at room temperature several times a day.
- Once a month, be sure to treat the lemon leaves with cotton wool moistened with soapy water. Otherwise, parasites will attack the tree.
Of course, growing a lemon at home won't be easy. It is necessary to ensure proper care, watering, condition of the soil. But all this is done not at all for the sake of a rich harvest, because no more than 20 fruits per year can be obtained from a single tree. But this is a very interesting activity, and personally grown lemons will be an excellent reward for patience.