Gerberas - beautiful flowers growing in South Africa, are also widely distributed in tropical Asia. Thanks to the efforts of nature and breeders, today the color range of gerberas is wide and diverse. In fact, their flowers, which resemble a large chamomile, can be painted in any color and shade, with the exception of blue.
Gerberas in a pot: home care
Gerberas in pots are as popular as fresh flowers, they will be an excellent gift for lovers of gardeners. Moreover, the care of them is not difficult, but there are some tricks, the observance of which will allow you to grow luxurious plants.
- Care for a gerbera in a pot is in compliance with the temperature and the presence of sunlight. Gerberas can not grow without the sun, the most pleasant for them is bright lighting, but they can easily do with diffused light.
- With ambient temperature a little more difficult. In the summer, it should be about 16 - 20 degrees, but in the cold season, the plant goes to rest, so the temperature should be lower, only 12 - 14 degrees. It builds strictly to ensure that it does not fall below 12 degrees, otherwise the perennial plant will simply die.
- Gerberas need fresh air; for these reasons, the room in which the plant lives must be periodically ventilated. If weather conditions allow, it can be taken out on the street for sunbathing and fresh air, especially since the gerberas are not afraid of drafts.
- For the plant is very important rest period, which runs from late August to March. During this time, the gerbera gives all its power to the greens, thereby preparing for flowering next summer. With proper maintenance, compliance with all the rules, the plant's rest period can be significantly reduced, and the plant will bloom twice a year.
- Gerberas in the pot are very fond of water, so it requires abundant watering, but you must adhere to reasonableness - it is impossible to allow overflow. During rest, watering should be reduced. During the watering of the plant it is necessary to prevent water from falling on the flowers themselves; for safety, it is best to use podonnoy type of irrigation. Such events will not only save the flowers themselves, but also prevent the roots from rotting. Water for watering should be soft, with an approximate temperature of 20 degrees.
In addition to watering, the plant must be periodically irrigated with water, while spraying should not allow clusters of large drops of water on the leaves, try not to spray the flowers.
- Like any plant, gerberas need fertilizer. For fertilizing not recommended formulations with organic matter, the flower simply will not transfer. During the period of active growth and preparation for flowering, the plant must be fed every 3 weeks. As soon as it bloomed, fertilizing is worth increasing - every 2 weeks. Experienced growers recommend using only fertilizers with minerals.
- For better flowering, you must remember some "cosmetic" procedures. It is noticed that new flower stalks will grow better, larger ones, if we remove withering flowers on time. And remove them from the nest is necessary completely, if this is not done - the remaining piece of flower spike rot and can infect the whole flower. With a high percentage of probability, the plant may die.
- For gerberas it is important to choose the right pot. Since the plant is quite large, it needs spacious dishes for the full development of the root system, due to which the food takes place.
Gerber transplantation: the subtleties of the procedure
Special attention in the breeding and care of gerberas deserves a transplant process. After buying flowers, do not rush to their transplant, otherwise, the plant will be sick and may die. It is necessary to give him time to adapt to new conditions. Experienced flower growers recommend replanting gerbera no earlier than 2 weeks after purchase.
Before transplanting the plant, it is necessary to prepare the soil - mix sand, leafy greens, peat, and put drainage on the bottom of the pot. In the resulting mixture, you must put a flower with the part of the soil in which it grew in store / greenhouse conditions. For successful growth of the plant, the conditions of its content should be as close as possible to the greenhouse. The first feeding of the plant should be carried out no earlier than 3 weeks after transplantation.
In addition, it will be necessary to periodically rejuvenate the plant - by transplanting it, about once every 3 years.
Gerberas in pots: photo of plants
Despite the fact that the gerbera does not require complex care, is unpretentious, failure to follow simple rules in the care can cause the development of various diseases. The flower can become rotten and later die, or become infected with parasites. To avoid this, you must carefully take care of the plant from the first day of planting.