Gazania is an incredibly beautiful flower that looks like a simple chamomile, which can be a wide variety of colors and colors. This flower is unpretentious in care, so it is simply very popular among gardeners. Gazania is very easy to grow yourself from seed and care for it. You can put the plant in the garden, adding to your collection with bright flowers, and on the balcony, to decorate the loggia, placing on it a pot of gazania.
Gazania: growing from seeds, photo
Under natural conditions, reproduction of ghazania occurs not only by seeds, but also by vegetative means. If the plant is bred artificially, it is best to use the seed method.
For the beginning of flowering in June, it is necessary to germinate seeds in the first days of spring. This can be done a little earlier, however, it is worth remembering that as a result of a lack of sunlight, the development of the plant is rather bad. But this trouble can be easily solved - it is enough just to provide additional artificial lighting to the gazani.
Gazania is the most popular plant among novice gardeners, so it is often bred by seed. Before planting seeds in the ground, it is not necessary to pre-soak them. You just need to moisten the soil before planting. Seeds are sown in small depressions, at a distance of about 2-3 cm.
The seeds of the plants themselves are quite large, so they can be planted in separate peat cups, so you do not have to pick out seedlings in the future. The most important thing is for the seeds to rise - create a greenhouse effect, and for this you need to cover the seeds with glass or a layer of film.
Gazania is a heat-loving plant that will feel good at a temperature of about +25 degrees. However, adult plants are stronger and can tolerate minor frosts. There is almost 100% germination of planted seeds, even if they were collected 2-3 years ago.
After 10-11 days, after planting the seeds, the first shoots begin to appear. Already from this day, it is recommended to gradually harden the seedlings - at first 5 minutes a day, leave the poultry open and gradually increase the duration.
Watering seedlings is carried out very rarely - no more than once a week. If the cups dry out the soil, it does not mean that you need to water immediately. Transplantation of seedlings in open ground is performed approximately in the second half of May, when the seedlings will be at least 10 cm in height. As you can see, growing a gazania from seeds at home is quite simple; the main thing is to follow the above tips.
Planting and care for gazania
It is not necessary to engage in special preparation of the soil for planting gazania seedlings. But it is necessary to approach very carefully the question of choosing a place where the plant will grow. For a plant it is best to pick up a small hill, well lit, on which to make a flower bed. At the same time, the place where the flower will grow should be reliably protected from drafts.
It is not recommended to plant gazania near plants such as peonies or roses. Violets, pansies, forget-me-nots, lungwort and other low-growing plants can be excellent neighbors.
When planting seedlings, it is necessary to ensure that the distance between each plant is not less than 18-20 cm. It is worth remembering that the gazania will grow in width, forming bulky and bushy bushes, during the season on which about 20-25 buds are formed.
After the flowers dry up, they need to be removed so that the formation of new buds begins. By sticking to this simple advice, you can enjoy bright daisies until the fall. With the help of cutting flowers, a more lush bush is also formed, which looks very beautiful.
During transplantation, it is important to remember that gazania has a very sensitive root system, which is why seedlings should be placed in the hole with the old clod of earth. The ideal option would be to use peat pots, which simply fit in the hole and eventually they will decompose themselves and become an excellent fertilizer.
If the ghazania is grown near the reservoir, it is necessary to take care of the drainage system. To do this, make small holes (depth about 50 cm) and ¼ are filled with expanded clay. Then there is a layer of good fertile soil (10-15 cm) and seedlings are planted in it.
If the ghazania gets the right care, the beginning of flowering occurs in the first half of June, and luxurious bright bouquets will decorate the garden until the first autumn frosts. The plant needs rare, but plentiful or moderate watering. Every several weeks it is recommended to carry out top dressing and loosening of the soil, which has a beneficial effect on the growth process.
Gazania is a perennial plant, therefore it will become a real boon for gardeners who do not have free time to take care of flowers. Especially if you often have to go on business trips and there is no opportunity to regularly water the plant. This bright daisy can tolerate light frosts and strong winds, and flowering lasts almost the entire year if gazania is grown on a balcony.
Among the main advantages of the plant is the fact that it tolerates drought and even strong heat. Glavania can do without water for several weeks, during which time it will not cease to bloom.
It is categorically contraindicated in abundant watering, because as a result of increased soil moisture, the process of rotting the roots of a plant may begin. Despite the fact that gazania is one of heat-loving plants, it tolerates small frosts (-8 degrees) quite well. Therefore, flowering lasts until the beginning of autumn and continues to delight with bright flowers, even under the condition that slight frosts occur at night, and the flowers themselves become more lush and vibrant.
But ghazania cannot endure a harsh winter, which is why, as a rule, this plant is grown as an annual crop. However, with proper care, you can extend the life of the garden beauty and save it until the beginning of next spring. For this, around mid-October, the gazania is carefully dug out so that the roots are not damaged and moved to a previously prepared spacious pot with a substrate of river sand and peat. Do not forget about the drainage, otherwise the plant may simply die.
Pot with a gazania, throughout the winter, should be left on the insulated balcony or placed in a room. With the observance of these simple tips, the plant will calmly endure the winter and with the onset of the first warm days, it will again delight you with beautiful and vivid colors.
Both experienced gardeners and novice gardeners prefer gazani not only for its bright and large flowers, but also for the fact that it practically does not suffer from various diseases and pests. If you do not water the plant too much, you can enjoy its beauty for several years. Gazania is perfectly combined with various low-growing plants, it can be used in addition to flower ensembles, both in the garden and on the alpine hills.