Now there are hardly any people who have never grown or bought tulips. But in the early seventeenth century, when these flowers reached Russia from Holland, tulips were considered an indicator of wealth and luxury. And this was not only in Russia.
Tulips - perennial bulbous plants. Height is from 6 to 60 cm. Color of flowers from white to black-red. There may be plain (yellow, purple) flowers and with different shades and contrasts.
Garden tulips are hybrid forms, represented by many varieties.
The following groups of tulips are distinguished: early flowering, medium flowering, late flowering and wild.
- Early blooming tulips. Bloom the very first of all tulips. These are rather low plants from 15 to 45 cm. in height. There are simple and terry.Sorta: Diana (white), Brilliant Star (scarlet), Olga (purple-red with white border), Electra (rich cherry terry) and some others.
- Mid-blooming tulips. Occurred from the crossing of flowering and late flowering. This group includes Darwin hybrids (up to 80cm.) and class tulips Triumph (40-70cm.). The latter are the most numerous. They bloom a week later than the early varieties.Sorta: Red Jainet, London, Oxford (scarlet), Athlete, Snow Star (white) and many others.
- Tulips blooming include seven classes.
- Simple late tulips: Faust (purple-black), Advance (light scarlet) and others.
- Liliacevet: Aladdin (scarlet with yellow border), Pikoti (pink) and others.
- Fringed: New Bow (white with pink fringe), Kiprus (yellow with fringe of a darker shade) and others.
- Green flowers: Hollywood (red with a green tint, the base is yellow), Violet Bird (purple with green strokes and a base) and other tulips. In all of them, some of the petals have green or greenish stripes or strokes.
- Rembrandt: Blue Sur (lilac and white and purple smears), Insulin (purple on the yellow base) and other variegated varieties.
- Parrot tulips: Blue Parrot (bright purple), Fantasy (salmon-pink) and others.
- Peony (late terry): Ankle Tom (chestnut-red), Nymph, Mount Takoma (white) and others.
- Wild tulips. Under natural conditions, they grow in steppe, semi-steppe, but more mountainous areas. In Central Asia, they are concentrated the most (80%), and 50% of them are not found anywhere else.
Wild tulips are actively used for crossing with cultural and breeding new varieties, because they are highly resistant. These include such species as the Batalin tulip (13 cm., Light yellow), Biberstein (30-32 cm., Bright yellow star flower), Vvedensky (30 cm., Large flower, scarlet orange), Gesner (25-30 cm. , yellow or red) and some others.
When choosing a site, you need to remember that it is smooth, well lit, and also protected from the action of strong cold winds.
For tulips favorable temperate climate, quite mild and wet.
The composition of the soil tulips are not very demanding. But best fit loam. Sour soils are not suitable for these plants.
When preparing the soil, phosphate and potash fertilizers are applied, and during planting of tulip bulbs - nitrogenous. It is also good to plant tulips on the places where they were grown potatoes.
It is important to know that you can’t grow tulips in the same place for several years, as it contributes to the accumulation of pest bacteria in the soil.
Tulips are planted in September-October, the distance between the bulbs depends on their size.
Tulip pests and diseases
In the quality of prevention are needed timely weeding, loosening and watering the soil.
Very often affected by the virus - variegation. In different varieties, it manifests itself in different ways, in most cases, the flower color changes. It can not be treated, you need to destroy the affected specimens. You can avoid infection by carefully checking the spring shoots and observing preventive measures.
Tulip bulbs are affected by gray and sclerocial rot. The measures are the same as for infection with variegation. And also remember that the bulbs must be stored in a dry, well-ventilated area.
Of course, beautiful flowers in your garden require special care. But, having familiarized yourself with the basic rules and having tried once, twice, for years, you will delight your dear people with fresh cut tulips from your garden.