The change of seasons, the decline of blizzards and ringing drops for many are a reminder that garden work will resume soon. Active purchase and sowing of seedlings, the development of new plans for the use of dacha land, and ways to increase crop yields are being considered. Every summer resident knows that along with the awakening of trees and shrubs, pests will also begin to show activity. Therefore, it is important to know how to deal with them.
Garden Pest Control
The whole process of protecting your site from those pests is divided into several stages. They are carried out on different days and even weeks, and therefore the treatment of the garden from pests in the spring is sometimes delayed by 1-2 months. It depends not so much on the gardener himself, but on the timing of the awakening of nature. For example, some procedures need to be carried out after the start of flowering of apple trees. But the main actions occur in March-April.
The first stage, at the end of March, marks the whitewashing of the trunks. Here it is necessary to gain a period when the snow starts to fall, dry weather will be established, but active warming has not yet begun. Transitional moment between winter and spring. In different regions, it comes in different ways. Therefore, for some it will be the end of March, and for someone it will already be 1-2 decade of April.
First, the trees and shrubs are traversed with a special metal brush, sweeping over all the trunks. It is necessary to remove dust, dead bark, any dirt stuck during the winter, and lichens. Work diligently, but carefully, making peeling, soft movements. No need to try to scrape off all that is possible. Especially it concerns tender bark of bushes.
After that, the garden putty is used, which acts as a therapeutic agent that promotes not only decontamination, but also regeneration. It is used in the presence of wounds and should be applied on a dry surface. This tool can be purchased at the store. Many gardeners prefer to do it yourself. To do this, mix resin and turpentine in a ratio of 5: 2. Pork fat is introduced to them, the volume of which is 2 p. less turpentine. This recipe is the easiest to use.
As soon as the garden pitch dries out, becoming like a frozen varnish, whitewashing begins. The mixture that is used for this is also easily prepared with his own hands. To the lime diluted in a large capacity (about 5 kg.) Wood glue is added (not more than 400 grams), as well as blue vitriol in a volume of 1 l. Water will need about 20 liters. You can determine the readiness by eye if the consistency begins to resemble sour cream with a high percentage of fat.
Of course, the numbers can be varied, commensurate with the number of trees that need to be processed. Shrubs for the most part do not need whitewashing. Work with them will be somewhat different.
Spring garden treatment for pests
For the treatment of garden pitch is applied to the trunk from the bottom up. Usually the border passes under the forks of skeletal branches or under them. Often, the height is 0.8-1 m. The layer thickness plays an important role. Being insignificant, it almost does not protect the tree. Therefore, it is important to ensure that the layer is at least 3 mm.
This agrotechnical event is one of the most important in the field of prevention. But in addition to trees, you need to take care of shrubs. Everything is somewhat simpler with them: the main procedure is to check the branches and trunks. It is necessary to remove the branches that look as if they were touched by a fire. This indicates damage to the kidney moth. Elimination subject to dry, hollow branches inside. In addition, you need to remove those that were frostbitten in winter. All this garbage is necessarily burned to prevent the spread of infection.
The next step will be chemical treatment, which is carried out in accordance with exactly what insects and microorganisms have attacked your shrubs and trees. Therefore, before starting to analyze in detail the process of controlling the main pests of the garden, it is necessary to touch upon a few simple and safe measures of general prevention.
Effective is the usual spraying of shrubs with hot water. Its temperature should not exceed 80 ° C, so as not to harm the plants. Also, clean water can be replaced with a solution of salt (100 g. Per 10 l.) Or urea (the same 10 l. Is already 500 g.).
Major pests of garden plants and their control
The war with parasites begins in late April, when the kidney swelling begins. To carry out processing before this period is meaningless. The fight is divided into 2 phases. The first is biological. It practically does not depend on the specific type of pest. Her time is before flowering. And caterpillars, and moths, and garden ants, and beetles, and other organisms, cannot stand all the means used at this stage.
The main mixtures for spraying trees and shrubs are different infusions:
- At 10 liters. water accounts for 0.4 kg. tobacco dust. The solution is kept for 2 days.
- On the same 10 l. water is added 0.3 kg. peeled garlic heads, which are either scrolled in a meat grinder or chopped with a knife.
- Another classic recipe - 10 liters. water is taken 0.2 kg. Husks from onions. Infuse the mixture should be about a week.
Be sure to spray the plants with these means, first at the time of swelling of the buds, and then during flowering. Experienced gardeners recommend holding this event closer to sunset, and not in the early morning in order to increase the effectiveness of the procedure.
Currant bushes are most often affected when attacked by a kidney moth, mite and aphids. The first pest leaves behind branches that look like frostbitten or sunburned. The second is dried buds. The tick itself can be found not in the dead parts, but in the living, swelling. The glass-pan eats the branches from the inside, and stays right in them. Aphids are recognized by twisting leaves and bulges on the front side.
It is eliminated at the time of swelling of the kidneys. First, by treating the shrub with hot water, and then, during the growing season, with any of the 2 insecticides - “Decis” or “Fitokol”. Preference should be given to the first, because of the variety of existing drugs of this type, it causes the least damage, both to the plant and to man. Its dosage is 2 ml. funds for a bucket of water with a volume of 10 liters.
It is possible to fight ticks with the same methods and means. Spray the plants should be before the flowering bush. In addition, all damaged kidneys are necessarily removed.
The kidney moth and glass bowl do not tolerate mustard broth (200 gr. Per 10 l.), Infusions from tomato stepsons. In addition, these tools will be useful in the fight against sawflies and moths. And from chemical preparations “Aktara” will be suitable in a concentration of 0.1%.
Fruit trees often suffer from gray rot, as well as scab. The algorithm to eliminate them and reduce the risk of a new infection is to irrigate the soil with nitrafen and copper sulphate. Processing is carried out until flowering. After it is required to work with any fungicides or Bordeaux liquids in a concentration of 1%. Her dosage is 100 grams. on 10 l.
Another pest is weevil beetles. He lives mostly on fruit trees. It is necessary to fight with him not only with decoctions, but also with special devices that are superimposed on the trunks at their very foundation. The bottom line is that the parasite, climbing on the bark, will definitely fall on the belt and get its dose of poison, having lost the ability to further life.
Catching up with spring garden processing, it is worth remembering that if there is an opportunity to get by with weaker preparations, it is better to give preference to them. Since all those chemicals that affect the parasites, one way or another will be in the fruit. Therefore, it is desirable to choose "Fitoverm", "Actofit". The main garden treatment for pests in spring includes whitewashing and the removal of old branches.