The garden gerbera (it is also called the Transvaal chamomile) is an amazing flower that looks and chamomile in appearance and structure, but unlike it has different colors. Gerbera has won the love of many gardeners. The plant was discovered about a century ago by Reman (a botanist from Holland) in South Africa. To date, there are about 100 varieties of gerberas that can be grown in the summer cottage and in the apartment.
Gerbera: general rules of cultivation
Gerberas can be grown using seeds at the onset of spring (but many gardeners plant a flower all year round, regardless of weather conditions). Pick up a good substrate for planting the kernels (leaf soil, sand, perlite and peat, mixed in equal quantities) and capacity (drawers or pots) are ideal. The soil is loosened, the seeds are laid out on the surface and sprinkled with earth. You can make shallow pits and plant seeds in them. By the way, the seeds can also be planted in peat cups (this method is suitable for those who are going to transplant gerberas to open ground). The soil is moistened, and the container with the seeds covered with glass or film to create greenhouse conditions, not forgetting to ventilate from time to time. It is better to provide for the cultivation of gerbera good drainage from sand, pebbles or clay shards (so much water will not accumulate on the surface of the soil).
Despite the fact that the gerbera is a thermophilic plant, its seedlings do not tolerate direct sunlight. It is better to provide the plant diffused light. When growing seedlings in the winter, it will be necessary to provide additional lighting with the help of special lamps (the length of daylight hours for gerberas is optimal for a ten-hour day). The temperature mode in the room with gerberas is maintained within the room (optimally 20 degrees). Seedlings with proper care will germinate in 2 weeks, and when the first leaves appear, you can transplant the seedlings in open ground.
Color Transplant Technology
It is possible to transplant a plant in an open ground only after completion of frosts (the end of spring), when the first leaves appear and when the roots have already grown and become dry. For comfortable growth, gerbers need a sunny place and slightly acidic soil. But remember, these flowers do not like frequent replanting, otherwise, the plant may die. During transplantation it is impossible to plant the plant very deeply, otherwise the roots may rot, and the gerberas themselves can infect fungal diseases.
Transplanted gerberas need regular and abundant watering. After transplantation, the flowers will bloom in 10 months from the time of sowing the seeds, and the garden will please you with its beautiful and bright flowering gerbera for 4 months. By the way, after artificial pollination on flowers, it will be possible to find boxes with seeds that are perfect for planting new plants.
Garden Gerbera: planting and care
This perennial plant will delight you with its flowering throughout the summer. In winter, gerberas need to be covered, having dug up a flower along with the earth in the autumn and stored in a room whose temperature does not fall below 7 degrees. During storage, the gerbera must be periodically watered and ventilated. Some gardeners do not dig the plant, and cover it directly on the site with a thick layer of straw or dry leaves.
Garden gerberas love sunny and protected places on the plots. In general, the main criterion for successful growth for flowers is exactly the right lighting. Thanks to the optimal light, the plant can be prevented from stretching. The substrate should be warm and drained, and before planting, make sure to inorganic fertilizers. Florists recommend carefully disinfecting the soil from fungal diseases before diving gerberas. During the flowering period, the plant is provided with abundant watering, and during dormancy and winter storage it is minimized. Remember that over-wetting harms gerberas and drying out. Water for irrigation using room temperature, filtered or separated. Watering is done strictly under the gerbera root. If water gets on the leaves, it will drain into a leaf rosette and cause rotting and death of the flower. Top dressing during the growing season is carried out once every 14 days, using mineral fertilizers.
Gerberasadovaya - the original plant, which will become a bright spot on your site. Since it is undemanding in care, anyone can grow a flower. The only difficulty in growing is the search for quality seeds, which are quite problematic to find. The fact is that most gerberas are grown in special nurseries, providing artificial conditions, such a flower does not live long. If you are lucky enough to find a good seed garden gerbera, wait until the seed boxes appear and save them for the future.