The food moth is one of the common household pests. Moreover, its larvae can easily get into the house with products from stores, but it will take a very long time to deal with them! For this there are many proven ways.
This insect, like other butterflies, can occur in 2 species: larvae or adults. The latter have a light brown shade, less often - grayish. Color depends on the subspecies and on the products that it damages: cereal, cabbage, barley, rye. But the larvae resemble very light, as if transparent caterpillars and in length sometimes reach 2 cm. They are the most dangerous, since it is the larvae that damage the products.
How to deal with food moths?
The food moth can enter the dwelling as follows: through ventilation; through windows and doors; together with purchased food. Most often such foods are: flour, cereals, chocolate, nuts, dried fruits and even spices and seasonings. The larvae of these pests get there because of the negligence at the production stage, that is, as a result of incorrect processing. And even buying pre-packaged products, you can bring insects home.
In order to prevent, it is recommended to dry any purchased cereal in the oven for 15-20 minutes at a temperature of 120 degrees. In this case, you can be sure that no pests will not start at home. It is pointless to dry the cereal in the microwave, in order to kill the larvae, high temperatures are required.
But if the food moth is already attacking your home, then first of all it is necessary to carry out a general cleaning. These insects can be anywhere, so you need a thorough inspection of the kitchen. Where is the best place to look?
- Cereals. Usually in such as rice, oatmeal, pearl barley, rolled oats, pasta, flour. Moreover, you need to inspect even the grits from the packaged packages;
- Dried fruits: dried apples, prunes, raisins, dried apricots;
- Nuts Especially peeled peanuts and walnut shells;
- Spice. Bay leaf, pepper, mustard powder, coffee and cocoa;
- Garlic. Contrary to the prevailing view that the mole avoids the smell of garlic, the food variety can live peacefully in packets with it;
- Carton boxes. The larvae of this moth can be in unopened packs of cornflakes, herbal teas, pumpkin seeds. It is better not to be lazy and all carefully;
- Window sills, kitchen cabinets, household appliances - all this should be examined, as well as the area between them.
But there are those foods that the food moth does not like, although, despite this, it can live in them, so you need to avoid getting around the packs of salt and soda. But in such liquids as vinegar, jam, honey and jam, this pest cannot live, it sinks or sticks to them.
Tips experienced hostesses
How to bring moth food? First of all, all found larvae of this pest must be thrown away along with those food products in which the mole was found, there is no need to spare supplies! Ideally, these products should be burned and in no case should they be thrown into the garbage chute, because in this way the mole will spread through the ventilation throughout the entrance! All food and boxes that have been in doubt should be tied up in a tight plastic bag and put into a trash can.
By the way, the food moth is not afraid of exposure to low temperatures, so there is no point in hiding these products in a refrigerator or freezer for disinfection. Larvae simply fall asleep in a cold environment.
In the process of general cleaning, each cabinet, shelf and all cans should be thoroughly rinsed with the addition of vinegar. No need to think about the fact that after exposure to soap or powder, the mole will disappear - she can live quietly in packs of powder or soap. But after treatment with water and vinegar, the shelves can already be washed with soapy water to further clean the room.
Food should be stored properly. No wonder our mothers and grandmothers stored cereals, salt, sugar and herbs in cans. The food moth cannot gnaw through glass, rubber, metal, wood, and foil. Cloth, cardboard, polyethylene, paper, and even plastic covers - all this wrecks spoil easily! Accordingly, food should be stored in strong, well-closed containers, best of all in glass containers. Nowadays in hardware stores you can find bulk food jars with a seal on the lid. They will be able to easily detect the larvae of the moth, if they suddenly get there, and they can not spread throughout the kitchen.
Special Pest Control
As well as combating other household pests, cleanliness is the key to success. Because of this, no trap or sprays - will not help in the fight against these pests, if not all contaminated products are thrown out of the house, and all shelves and cabinets are thoroughly cleaned.
Some people recommend putting garlic, orange peels, bunches of lavender on the shelves. But in fact, after drying the grass and the crusts, the moth simply eats them. Instead, it is better to use cotton pads soaked with spicy clove essential oil and change them regularly. You can still moisten cotton pads in the essential oil of fir and juniper, but it is less effective.
But in the use of chemicals in the fight against this pest you need to be careful, because the same dichlorvos to use next to food is dangerous. And velcro tapes, which effectively catch flies and a fur-coat moth, are powerless here.
Pheromone traps that attract males by themselves need to be used very carefully, because they have a specific smell. If the windows are not closed, the males from the whole area can fly into your house. And even after the trap was thrown away, it retains its flavor with properties for a few more weeks. So it is better not to use a similar remedy in the fight against the food moth.
Often go through the food, keep the room at home and especially the kitchen clean, then the food moth will not be able to do you any harm. But if she still had time to start, then you can get rid of this pest with the help of proven tools. The main thing - to prevent its re-occurrence!