Solanum (solyanum), or indoor nightshade, is a decorative indoor plant.
Unfortunately, many flower lovers do not know what to do with the nightshade after the end of the flowering period, because it seems that he is dying and it is impossible to save him. However, this is only a feature of this species, it also belongs to the group of ornamental flowering pot plants (for more details, see the article Species of indoor plants).
Appearance of Solanum
Solanum, or nightshade, is a very bright, colorful and compact plant with orange or red berries. Against the background of rich green foliage, they look great.
In summer, nightshade blooms with small, almost tiny star-shaped flowers, in place of which berries later form. They are green, but gradually ripen, blush.
Their leaves are small, oval-shaped, up to 5 cm long. The usual height of solanum is 45-75 cm. There are different types of solanum, including dwarf forms.
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Types of Solanum (Solyanum)
- Nightshade is one of the most common types of solyanum. You can meet him most often on Christmas. At this time, he decorates the windows of all flower shops. The plant has a dark green leaves, narrow-oval shape. Stems pubescent. It blooms with white small flowers. Berries are formed up to 1, 5 cm in diameter, bright red in mature form. Buy a better plant in the period when the berries have not yet become red, it is better with orange or green berries. For greater preservation of beautiful berries (so that they do not fall off), keep the solianum in sufficiently cool conditions. This type of nightshade has several forms that differ in the shape of the leaves and the color of the berries.
- Nightshade- common form, but more in western countries. It is similar to the previous view, but is not. Hence the name. Its stems are smooth, and the berries are larger than those of the nightshade. In addition, his leaves are shorter, and the plant as a whole is brighter. There are also dwarf forms of these two types of solyanum. In height, they are two times less than normal.
Location in the house of Solanum
Solyanum loves cool places and sunshine. On this and guided by choosing him a place in the house.
Perfect for him cool, well-lit bedroom and living room. In the kitchen, where it is always warm from cooking, it is better not to plant a flower. Indeed, in the heat colorful berries will quickly fall off, but the coolness on the contrary will prolong their life.
For the nursery of the nightshade is extremely dangerous flower. After all his berries poisonous! Little kids will probably want to taste the bright berries. Therefore, if there is a child in the house, warn him that the berries are dangerous!
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Home care for solanum
- The lighting is bright sunlight with some direct sunlight.
- The temperature for solanum is cool, in winter - not below 12 ° С -16 ° С.
- Humidity air is high. Requires frequent spraying of the leaves.
- Watering plentiful year-round.
- Propagated by stem cuttings or autumn seeds.
- Replant each spring.
- After flowering solanum requires some care.
- At the end of winter, the stems are cut in half. Before the onset of spring, the plant is practically not watered, then transplanted.
- In the summer, the pot is carried out to fresh air (open balcony).
- During the flowering period, treatment with insecticides is necessary, then you will not encounter such a problem as the defeat of pests and other diseases.
- In the fall (with the onset of cold weather), bring the pot back into the room.
If you follow the basic rules of solyanum care, your home on New Year's Eve and Christmas will always be decorated with bright berries against the background of beautiful dark green leaves. But do not forget that the berries of the nightshade are poisonous, so take care of your children!