There are not so many garden plants that not only delight the eye with beauty and variety of colors, but also require minimal maintenance. These include astrans, whose photos are fascinating, and landing and leaving do not take much time and effort. This is a favorite plant of gardeners in England (where it has been cultivated since the sixteenth century) and the United States. If you want to follow their example, you will not regret your choice.
Astrantia - the decoration of your garden
Wild-growing astrantia is found in Asia Minor, the countries of Central and Southern Europe, and in the Caucasus. This perennial plant belongs to the umbrella family. Astrantia reaches a height of 15 to 90 cm in height, and up to 50 cm in width. There are about 10 species of this plant, but new varieties and hybrids are regularly displayed. Depending on the variety, astrantia flowers come in different sizes and colors - from pale pink and silver to a rich wine color. The flowers frame the so-called wrappers, which can in hue both completely coincide with the inflorescences and contrast with them, creating beautiful bicoloured combinations. In addition, the plant is distinguished by the bright green color of leaves and stems, against which the flowers look especially bright. Although the average flowering period takes 1.5 months (from June to August), in some varieties the first flowers appear in May, while others bloom until September.
Astrantia is perfect for single planting, filling lush lawn thickets, shady spaces between trees and shrubs, as well as framing the banks of streams and ponds. This plant looks very beautiful in rock arias: on the background of stones, delicate flowers look even more refined. But in combination with other colors, astrantion is also capable of creating wonderful ensembles. Especially good to combine it with plants such as:
Astrantia is large
The most common type of astrantia in Central Europe and western Russia is large astrantia. This species includes many varieties that differ in size and shade of flowers.
- Abbey Road - characterized by a large number of small red flowers. The flowering period is from June to August.
- Claret - the plant is abundantly covered with dark red small flowers. The flowering period is from June to September.
- Lars - flowers in this variety of light purple. The flowering period is from June to August. It is considered the hardiest grade.
- Moulin Rouge is a shrub with many red small flowers. The flowering period is from June to September.
- Princess Sturdza - this type of astrantia has the largest flowers (about 5 cm) of snow-white color, with time the flowers get a pinkish tint. The flowering period is from June to August.
- Rosensymphonie - bushes are densely covered with pink flowers with a silver tint. The flowering period is from June to September.
Astrantia: landing and care
As mentioned above, astrantia is a very easy-to-care flower. Moreover, it helps in weed control, displacing them. The compact dimensions of the root system do not require a deep fertile layer of soil, but the ground must be loose and sufficiently nutritious. Sandy soil is unfavorable for this plant.
- sowing (including self seeding). If the seeds are purchased, they are advised to sow in early spring, immediately after the ground freezes. And if the seeds are collected from a plant, they must be sown in November of the same year directly into the ground in order for natural stratification to occur during the winter. Sowing occurs in the furrows to a depth of about 2 cm.
- bush division. In order to reproduce in this way, it is necessary to divide the bush root socket into 2 or more parts. This should be done in early spring, before the leaves appear. An important condition is that the distance between the bushes should be at least 30 cm. The division of the bushes should be made not only for the purpose of reproduction of the plant, but also in order to rejuvenate it and prevent degeneration.
- rhizome segments. Reproduction in this way should be carried out in early spring, before the buds swell.
After reproduction by the seed method, astrantia grows within 1-2 years, and blooms on the 3rd year. Without transplantation, astrantia can grow successfully in one place for 7-10 years.
As for the landing site, the astrantia grows well in both sunny open spaces and shady underbrush. But the more sunlight this plant receives, the brighter and more saturated the flowers become.
If the flower is planted in a very hot place, then it needs moderate but regular watering, although it is quite drought-resistant. With a sufficient amount of moisture, astrantia grows more luxuriantly, and the flowering turns into more abundant and long.
Resistance to cold temperatures allows the plant to winter in soil without special training. But sometimes in the first year it is advised to cover it for the winter with sawdust, dry leaves or spruce branches.
During transplanting or planting a new bush in the soil, it is desirable to add humus or compost. If the flower grows on fertile soil, special regular feeding is not required, but it is necessary to periodically loosen the ground.
In order to prolong the flowering period, as well as to increase the number of flowers on the bush, it is necessary to cut the first inflorescences - this will stimulate another flowering wave.
Another advantage of astrantia is its disease resistance. And the only pest that can be dangerous for her is a naked slug, the appearance of which can be provoked by planting a flower in a very damp and shady place.
The beauty and diversity of species and varieties, resistance to different temperatures, good "immunity" of the plant to diseases and pests - all this makes the astrantia flower very attractive for breeding. With minimal effort, he will decorate your site from May to September, and by combining this beautiful flower with other ornamental plants, you can create a unique natural corner that will please the eye and become a wonderful place to rest.