Bright and active gourami fish, care and maintenance of which is easy and simple, is extremely attractive for beginners and "lazy" aquarists. This is a representative of the labyrinth fish caught in our aquariums from Southeast Asia. Gourami is always dynamic and curious in the new setting, so the "asleep" aquarium will easily revive.
What you need to know before buying?
Gourami is a freshwater fish with long specific fins on the abdomen. For her, the antennae-fins are the organs of touch, with which she probes the bottom and walls of the "house." Body size is small - from 5 to 10 cm, which is typical for all subspecies. And only serpentine gourami can reach a length of 20 cm. Under good conditions, fish live up to 7 years. Gourami sex differences are pronounced and visible even in the photo: males are larger in size, differ in longer fins and bright color than in females, and the fin on the back has an elongated shape.
There are several types of gourami suitable for breeding in an aquarium.
- Blue or spotty. These beautiful fish vary in color according to their mood and darken during spawning.
- Marble. It turned out as a result of crossing the blue species with other members of the genus. Their color is more inclined to green, there are dark spots. Marble fish are very hardy in artificial environment, because During the breeding period, they acquired good immunity. Marble male and female gourami (pictured) have the same differences as all types of gourami: the masculine is with a pointed fin and a large body, and the plump “young lady” is with streamlined fins.
- Pearl - the most enduring look. These attractive colorful fish adapt well, but prefer an aquarium with subdued lighting and a dark substrate.
- Kissing When eating food, manifestations of male aggression and mating games, these fish produce movements resembling kisses. The fish have small sharp teeth that help to effectively eat algae. This species is very resistant to diseases, especially in winter.
- Dwarf. These tiny fish need a calm environment, but they are very sociable. The view is available in several colors.
A healthy gourami always has straightened whole fins and whiskers longer than the body. The literally pale type of fish may not talk about health problems, but about stress. As soon as she has her own house, she will restore the color.
Fish gourami: maintenance and care
After purchasing a pet, you must quarantine it in a separate container. Keep the fish there for at least a week to show the carrier of diseases. At this time, you can spend a prophylactic course of 1-5 days: 10 mg of copper sulphate + 130 mg of chloramphenicol + 660 mg of neomycin sulfate - all this per 10 liters of water. Once a day they change 9/10 of new water with the appropriate proportion of medicines.
Gourami, whose maintenance and maintenance is fairly simple, still prefer high-quality aquariums - with rich vegetation and numerous shelters. This brings their habitat closer to the natural one. Fishes need a lot of free space for swimming; weak individuals will hide in secret places from healthier and bothersome companions. Good illumination is needed not only for fish, but also for the development of plants, otherwise the algae will flood the aquarium. For 1 male, 2-3 females should be kept in order to avoid "male" aggression.
The tank of the aquarium should be at least 50 cm and 70 liters on average, otherwise the active fish will be bored: they simply have nowhere to turn. The bottom of the thin or medium grain of the substrate will be ideal for them. The water in the aquarium should be clean (which is ensured by good filtration and its regular replacement - 1/3 of the tank), slightly acid (6-7 pH) and soft (up to 10 gH). The temperature regime of the aquarium is 24-26 ° С. Be sure to cover the tank with glass or mesh, because these fish love to jump.
Gouras have a labyrinth structure of organs, which allows them to breathe effectively in the upper layers of water. Aeration is not required, but it is important to make sure that air is flowing to the pets' place of residence.
Gurami unpretentious in food, but for good health they need a varied diet. Flakes, freeze-dried dry foods, live food - all this is suitable, provided that it is of suitable size (nature has given gourami a small mouth). Of course, live food is preferable: black or glass worms, shrimps, bloodworms. In some sense, gourmets are gourmets - snails and fizzy will become a delicacy for them. This also pleases the aquarists themselves, because the pets themselves save the tank from small mollusks. During the mating games they are given vegetables: scalded lettuce, boiled peas, spinach.
For breeding, you need to select 1 pair of fish and place it in an aquarium of 40-50 liters with a water level of up to 30 cm. The temperature in it should be higher than usual - 26-28 ° C. It is advisable to add to it a lot of vegetation and fresh defended water. Food should be live and large (for example, bloodworms) so that parents do not perceive their "heirs" as food.
The male will build the bubble nest himself. He will place him among the plants and will lure the "lady" into this nest and wait for spawning, during which about 2 thousand eggs will be formed. Then the male will catch the eggs and sit them in the nest. It should be borne in mind that the "head of the family" at this time is very aggressive, so the female needs shelters in which she can hide.
A female after spawning should be removed from the aquarium. "Daddy" he takes care of the eggs for 2-3 days. He takes care of the nest with caviar, and then the fry. But when they begin to swim independently, the father must be removed from the aquarium, otherwise he can damage the offspring by his care and constant planting in the nest. It is useful to feed the fry with infusoria, tiny shrimps and nematodes.
Victims of ills are rarely gourami, but can pick them up from an already infected individual or get sick as a result of poor nutrition. The most common diseases are:
- lymphocytosis - small swelling, wounds and white plaque are formed on the body;
- pseudomonosis - dark spots appear on the body of the fish, which are transformed into sores;
- aeromonosis - the fish goes to the bottom, refuses to eat, its scales are disheveled, and the abdomen is inflated and may bleed. Ailment occurs due to overpopulation of aquariums.
Gourami: compatibility with other fish
Basically gourami - peaceful fish, and they need the same neighbors. However, males ready for mating can defend their territory, therefore, it is necessary either to keep one male, or to provide enough space for several males.
Choose a non-aggressive roommate a similar size.
- Dwarf cichlids and other labyrinth fish are great.
- Good neighbors: angelfish, danios, combatants, molines, barbs and pelitzii, iris, labo, rasbory and swordsmen.
- Medium compatibility: discus, eel, shrimp, guppy.
- Conflicts with predatory, viviparous, too active fish: cocks, cichlids, Koi carps, goldfish, astronotus (they will be eaten by gourami).
A playful and energetic fish, living in large flocks, fits well into any aquarium with its suitable size neighbors. It “pounds” the little ones, although it will keep alive. If you follow all the other rules of maintenance and care, gourami will decorate the aquarium and the whole house.