Weightless openwork, delicate embroidery - all these are integral parts of the brothelle. Several centuries ago, this kind of needlework was incredibly popular. Embroidery richelieu used to decorate home textiles and clothing. It is no less demanded in our days. A thing decorated with such embroidery invariably attracts admiring glances. Everyone will be able to master the technique, find the schemes and show a little assiduity when doing richelier!
Richelieu do-it-yourself: features of technology and choice of materials
This type of embroidery differs from others in that when it is made, an openwork is created. The fabric is not only decorated with stitches. At the end of the work the necessary places are neatly cut out with small sharp scissors. In order for the final result to be of high quality, it is worthwhile to understand the technique of making richelieu. It is equally important to stock up on the right material and other necessary devices.
Further use of the openwork surface depends on the composition and type of fabric. It should not stretch in different directions and deform after washing. Usually, organic fibers are chosen for richelieu. It is better for novice embroiderers to opt for cotton or linen of medium thickness. Satin is also suitable. Remember, the thinner the material, the harder it will be to work with it. Threads can spread to the sides. Therefore, it is better to do richelieu on silk and similar fabrics when you stuff your hand.
It is important to choose the threads of the desired tone. Centuries ago, usually used to match the color of the fabric. Variations are now permissible. To decorate clothes, you can choose threads 2 tones darker or use contrasting colors. Their composition depends on the type of material. Cotton or silk threads are commonly used for natural fabrics.
You will also need standard embroidery needles, small sharp scissors. It is clear that the outline of richelieu depends on the pattern. As it can be used stencils. Usually they are transferred to the fabric using special markers. It is more convenient to use water soluble. They draw lines like a normal marker. But if a piece of tissue is wetted, the pattern will disappear. Using this marker, the work is more accurate.
Some craftswomen perform embroidery sewing machine. In this case, you will need to additionally buy instant and ordinary flasilin. In addition, the machine must have an embroidery option.
Photo embroidery and step by step execution
Before you begin to embroider, it is necessary to decorate the fabric. This is done so that it does not sit down during subsequent washings. It is usually dipped in warm water, squeezed, and then dried. After the material is stroked. Next, begin to translate the picture. Most often used geometric or floral motifs.
Need to carefully consider the line. Parts of the pattern should be interconnected. Otherwise, after cutting embroidery just fall apart. If the distance between the outlines of the pattern is too large, then at the end of the line you can connect the special details-teams.
In the figure, only contours are drawn on which stitches will be placed. The canvas is fixed on the hoop so that it does not move. After that, proceed to embroidery. The contour is laid seams forward needle. The main stitches are made in the surface. They can be in the form of flooring, contour or single. It should be remembered that certain details are embroidered in different ways.
The round elements are preliminarily performed in a circle, making stitches forwards the needle. Then over them have dense straight or inclined seams of the surface. They can lie one on the other. After you complete the whole circle, you need to fix the thread. To do this, the needle is threaded under one of the last stitches. Rounding out the round element is the creation of a slot. To do this, make 2 cross-cut from the center. You should get the "petals". They are turned up and cut off close to the seams.
In order to make the work look voluminous, some elements are performed in the technique of the shadow surface. To do this, pick up the thread of the same color, but different shades. One should be darker than the others. Then the stitching marks the element. The light part will be located in one part, the dark part in the others. They are covered with a satin stitch. Stitches should be made so that the color transition is invisible.
Often it is required to perform a large volumetric part. For this, it is also previously stitched with a seam forward with a needle. It should be located along the contour and inside it. Then over the stitches have embroidery stitch, made with the flooring.
Completing the embroidery brides formation. They help to connect too large spaces without a picture. A needle with a thread is pulled on the front side between 2 points 2-3 times. The thread should lie tightly on the material, without tightening it. Then it is sheathed with looped stitches. It turns twisted thin strip. With the help of brides, you can create an openwork mesh, making the embroidery look like lace.
Richelieu: bead embroidery
Sometimes you can come across a variant of bead brothel. It can be done in different ways. At the same time for each of them is to choose beads of one caliber. Otherwise, embroidery will be patchy. The smaller the beads, the tighter the drawing will be.
Some needlewomen sew them in the same way as when performing paintings. On the wrong side are made invisible punctures. One bead is tight to the others. Thus, the outlines of the pattern are filled. At the end cut out the necessary parts of the canvas.
There is another way to create richelieu. Beadwork is made canopy in pre-cut areas. You can perform various patterns or openwork, and then gently attach them to the fabric in the right places. The only thing to remember is that this method is more decorative. It is not very suitable for decorating clothes. If the thread breaks, then all the work goes down the drain.
It is much more universal to flash the outlines with beads, then make cuts. It is best to use Richelieu embroidery with beads to create openwork overhead collars, jewelry and decor of dresses.
Richelieu do-it-yourself has a number of features:
- Cut the fabric should be at the very end. After you have completed the necessary areas with the satin-stitch, wash the embroidery with your hands. Do not twist it. To get rid of excess water, gently squeeze your palms. Let the richelieu dry, iron it. Only then should proceed to cut.
- In order to work out smart, follow it with threads of different shades. Especially it looks beautiful on floral patterns.
- Loop seam is often used to strengthen the contours. It is placed at the edges and narrow cuts. First you need to make a stitch from left to right. It does not tighten. Just pierce the fabric with a needle. Then she is taken up. Make a new puncture. The needle is pulled down so that the thread lies under it. Pierce the fabric again, but below.
- Finished embroidery requires special care. It can be washed by hand or on manual mode in a typewriter. In the latter case, the fabric is better to put in a mesh bag for washing. Unscrew the embroidery can not. If it is very wet, then it is better to wrap it in a towel, after having smoothed it out. When water is absorbed, iron cloth is ironed.
Embroidery can easily transform clothes, tablecloths and napkins. Schemes are beautiful geometric and floral patterns. Usually, embroidery is performed on linen, cotton and silk with the help of a smooth surface. She fill the contours of the elements. The openings are obtained due to the fact that at the end of the work empty spaces are cut out with sharp scissors and they connect the empty places with brides.