Mosaic - an unusual design decision, with which the room can be made intriguingly original. The very first mosaics began to be made in Greece, for their work the masters used the available materials: wood, paper, stones, granite. After some time, the art of making from small elements finished compositions began to be valued very highly. Similar drawings could be found in churches, palazzo and luxury residences.
The most famous such paintings are the Battle of Issus, the Battle of Poltava, Pompey, and others. Often, not 1,000 pieces of material were required to make a composition. Nowadays, you can make a mosaic yourself at home, you only need to have time, patience, and, of course, the material itself: a few dozen bright pieces of tile, stone, glass.
How to make a mosaic with your own hands?
- One of the most common materials for making such a composition is glass. It lends itself well to cutting, adheres without difficulty to the surface, and in combination with sunlight the pattern plays with new colors. But before you start making panels you should decide on the scheme. In the first place you should choose a not very complicated pattern, for example - a butterfly.
- In addition to the image itself, the following materials will be needed: a glass or plexiglas mosaic base, colored glass to create a pattern, nippers and a glass cutter to separate pieces from glass, a medical syringe, black tile grout, felt-tip pen, transparent silicone. Now you can start making a mosaic of glass.
- To begin with, it should be a marker on the glass - the basis to transfer the image of a butterfly. At the same time, the drawing is transferred to colored glass, from which the mosaic will be assembled. The butterfly wings should be cut out along the lines on colored glass, and cut out their details with a glass cutter. Cut glass should be placed on the base. It will look like this:
- Each piece should be covered with a little bit of silicone and applied to the glass base. At the same time you need to leave some space between the parts. They are then processed using tiled grout.
- The background surface can be filled with milky glass.
- After the glue dries, grout the joints. In this case, be sure to wear gloves, because this tool adversely affects the skin of the hands.
- Grout must be diluted as indicated in the instructions. Its consistency should be similar to sour cream. Next, you need to make a complete processing of the gaps of the finished mosaic.
- After the mixture dries, remove the excess from the surface with a damp sponge or cloth.
- The result is a very beautiful butterfly!
Probably many after the repair remains unnecessary or old tile. Do not rush to throw it away, from it you can make an excellent mosaic on the wall. To do this, on a cardboard in full size to sketch a sketch of the future panel. It will be necessary to lay out pieces of tile, previously broken with a hammer. Different parts should be assembled until the image that you like is the best.
Now the design should be transferred to the wall, for this you can use glue for ceramics or "liquid nails". Each piece of tile to spread with glue and place on the surface. Try to make the gaps between each piece the same. After the glue dries, the seams must be wiped off. For this powder suitable for grouting, preferably white. Apply it with a rubber spatula, and wipe off the excess with a wet cloth.
Tabletop mosaic do-it-yourself: ways to design
Nowadays, decorating old furniture with mosaics is becoming popular. The most common example of this is the table, whose tabletop is decorated with a similar pattern, which, by the way, can be thought up on its own. Making a mosaic tabletop is a great way to update old furniture, which will be particularly unique.
Method 1 st. To begin, prepare all the necessary materials, namely: old or battered dishes and tiles, plaster, glass, glue. The tile must be the same thickness. If it is very large, then it should be divided into parts, while smearing the joints with colored mastic. Splinters all need to be leveled, giving them the desired size. The surface on which the tile will be laid out should be degreased by wiping with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol. Then the table should be cleaned with sandpaper, and then wiped again with alcohol.
Then on the surface it is necessary to put a picture to see how the table will look like in the end. If the tabletop is round in shape, then it should be drawn into circles, on which the drawing will be laid out in the future. To get such circles you need to use a rope and a pencil.
Now you can begin to lay out the image. To do this, each piece is smeared with glue and applied to the surface of the table. Any glue that glues tile to wood, even "liquid nails" will do. To begin to spread the image from the perimeter of the table top, gradually filling the rest of the space while moving to the center. After the drawing is fully laid out, the table should be left for about a day for drying. Then it is necessary to clean the seams, if the mosaic was made not of plaster, but of tile, then the surface needs to be wiped with a damp sponge before grouting. So the grout will absorb moisture and it will be better to hold. An hour after the grout dries, the mosaic should be cleaned of grout residues with a soft cloth or sponge.
Method 2 is a mosaic of old porcelain tableware. For the base of the countertop, a piece of chipboard of the required size should be sawed off. Make a frame of wooden bars and attach it to the table top. It should be above the base by 5 cm. This gap is determined depending on what material will be used. You will also need a piece of cardboard the size of a tabletop.
It is necessary to apply PVA glue on a chipboard - it will be a primer. Now you need to put the pieces of porcelain between 2 old unwanted towels and break them with a hammer. On the cardboard to outline the scheme of the future mosaic. Apply a layer of approximately 5 mm of adhesive to a layer of chipboard, using a notched trowel. Then you need to start laying out the pieces of the mosaic, while trying to make the surface as smooth as possible.
Till the morning, the mosaic should be left alone to dry, and then wipe the seams and remove excess grout with a damp sponge. After the surface is completely dry, it should be polished with a soft, dry cloth and the table frame should be painted in the most appropriate color.
Mosaic does not lose its popularity in the interior decoration for more than a year. This technique is presented in various styles, so it does not limit the imagination of the owner. Panel, paintings, countertops and many others. Hand-made mosaic objects will become a real decoration of any home, regardless of their size and manner of performance!