An undersized (less than 12 cm) succulent belonging to the Asphodelov family, visually very reminiscent of a cactus, devoid of thorns - this is havortia. Her homeland is South Africa, but the plant takes root in the middle lane if it is grown in an apartment. It belongs to the category of dekorativnolistvennyh, but occasionally throws thin long shoots, topped with a pair of small flowers. How to care for an exotic beauty?
Types of havortiya with photos and titles
Haworthia is valued for dagger leaves coming out of the socket, dense, fleshy, forming a large, voluminous bush. The edges can be both smooth and prominent; white hillocks are often observed over the entire surface of the leaves, forming transverse bands. The most widespread 9 species of this succulent, often found in lovers of indoor plants. Some of them deserve special attention.
- Haworthia is striped. The most famous species, characterized by narrow (up to 1.5 cm wide) and elongated to 5 cm in length with white convex specks on the front surface, for which was given a similar name. The inside of the face is perfectly smooth and often lighter than the outside. Occasionally white small flowers bloom on a striped havorti, sitting on a narrow stalk without leaves.
- Haworthia Pearl. Perennial with less pointed, wider (up to 2.5 cm) and longer (up to 8 cm) than the striped species, leaves. Lanceolate forms are bent outward, due to which additional volume is created at the bush. Hillocks, also adorning the back of the leaves, are colored in a pearly white shade. This kind of havortiya is recognized as the most attractive, especially since it is considered one of the largest. It produces a long (up to 60 cm) shoot, topped with a tassel inflorescence.
- Havortiya grassy. It is usually used as a groundcover, since the height of the bush does not reach even 10 cm, the socket itself is 5 cm in diameter and often sits in groups. The leaves are short and narrow, serrated, devoid of pattern. Their shade varies depending on the conditions of havortii content - the pale green is considered the traditional color, but it is darkened to black-green.
- Havortiya limolistnaya. The sockets are rather large (10 cm), the leaves are triangular, decorated with tubercles of a different color from the main one, and this relief merges so much that it forms smooth horizontal grooves on the outside. Often, a limoliferous havoria has an equally interesting feature - a duocolor: yellow and green shades contrast with each other. The width of the sheet at the base is 4.5-5 cm, and the height does not exceed 2.5-3 cm.
- Haworthia is mosaic. An extremely interesting look on its color, on the leaves of which, both from the outside and from the inside, is applied a pattern in the form of cracked glass or mosaic. The lines are bright, the main background is dark green. Usually there are only 2 vertical lines, 5-7 horizontal lines, depending on the length of the sheet. Mosaic havortia blooms more often than others - up to 4 times a year, while its flowers have a greenish-white shade.
In addition to the species already examined, there is the havortia of Reinwardt, which grows clearly upwards, while being quite high (up to 15–17 cm in height), and also the havortia is tercoid, reticular, and causiform, forming a straight soft cone. And these are only representatives of the hard leaf group, the most famous among connoisseurs of domestic plants. Botanists also distinguish the "window" category, which they call "living stones": representatives of this group differ in the form of leaves and rosettes, as a result of which it is simply impossible to confuse them with sheet-like ones.
Household care at home
Since this plant originally grew in South Africa, its main requirement for a comfortable climate is heat, as well as a sufficient amount of light. At the same time, havortia is a succulent, which allows it to survive a long drought, and the periods of cooling of the air are perceived positively.
- Watering is preferably carried out with water at room temperature, pre-settled and, if necessary, filtered. The frequency of the procedure depends on the rate of drying of the top layer of the earth in the warm season, and in the cold it is enough to moisten the soil every 30-45 days. Humidity does not matter, but experienced botanists recommend wiping havortiya leaves every six months and spraying it with the same separated water.
- Illumination should be good throughout the day: it is advisable to place a pot with a plant near the window, however, with a southern orientation, the havortiya will have to shade at the peak of solar activity. In winter, you may need dosvet, since the lack of lighting affects the appearance of the plant.
- The air temperature should differ in the dark and light hours of the day, while maintaining high values is not necessary: in the summer for the havortiya, the optimum is 22-25 degrees, in the winter it is possible to lower this figure to 10 degrees, but it is advisable not to raise above 18 degrees. Well, if the room at night will be ventilated, thereby providing a natural drop in temperature.
- It is not necessary to feed the plant, in this respect it is absolutely not demanding. If you wish, you can add a little fertilizer for succulents under the roots every month in the summer, but its absence will not affect the condition of the havortiya.
- Transplantation is not performed annually. In general, there is no special need for it, but if it was necessary to carry out this procedure, its time is spring. The container is chosen wide and flat, of such a height that a thick layer of draining material can be laid.
Reproduction is carried out through the division of the outlet, as well as by cutting the sheet, which is dipped in ground coal for 3-4 days, then give the opportunity to cut, and rooted in the sand. Watering the process is made only after the appearance of the roots.
Haworthia is a rather unpretentious plant that even the busiest modern person can cope with: it is almost not subject to diseases and pests, it is only afraid of over-wetting the soil in winter, and does not need special conditions. But remember that it is better to remove tied flowers before they bloom to prevent the succulent from dying.