Daylilies - a perennial herb. The name of the flower comes from the ancient Greek language and literally means "one-day beauty." The earliest mentions of the plant are related to China: the buds and sprouts of the daylily were eaten, used in medicine and cosmetology. Each flower of this beautiful plant blooms just for one day. Daylilies are quite unpretentious in the care and planting, which makes them one of the most favorite flowers of gardeners.
There are more than 10 thousand. varieties of daylilies of various colors. The breadth of their colors can envy any flower. You can find specimens from white to soft pink, from purple to burgundy, from orange to yellow, etc. Light varieties grow best in the sun, while dark ones prefer penumbra. When planting daylilies remember this rule.
- America Freedom - has a peach color with a green neck and a golden corrugated border. Flower round shape with dense petals. The plant blooms in hot summer.
- Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is a round and pale pink flower with a lemon yellow corrugated border. Petals have a dense wax texture.
- Cosmic Sensation - compared to others, this daylily has a classic elongated shape. The petals are painted dark purple with a white corrugated and intermittent border.
- Spinee Si Echin - two-color daylily of dark lavender color with round petals. The edges of the petals are decorated with a golden border and "shark teeth".
- Raspberry Gold Cream - this daylily has round wavy petals, painted white. Around the green neck is a large "eye" of a crimson color. The edges are decorated with a beautiful crimson border. The color of the plant varies with the light.
- Moonlight Sale is a very beautiful and large flower of round shape with dark red-violet coloring. Around the green neck is a large watermark of light lavender color. The edges of the petals are decorated with a golden border.
- Child Vizin - a miniature terry plant. The daylily is cream colored, with a burgundy "eye" in the middle. This variety reproduces particularly well.
- Electric Memeleid Magic - has a round shape and is painted in bright orange color. Along the edges of the petals are decorated with a large border. This daylily variety is simply impossible to miss!
- Kaved Inishels - an unusually colored daylily. It has a coral-watermelon color with a bright eye. A distinctive feature of the flower is the carved texture of the petals.
Daylilies: preparing for winter
Daylily is a frost-resistant plant, therefore it does not require special preparation. Determine when you need to cut daylilies for the winter can be on the flower itself. Flower shoots must be cut immediately after flowering. If the autumn is rainy, wet buds are removed immediately after withering. Full pruning of daylilies for the winter is done in late autumn (approximately in November), when the leaves turn yellow and wither. All aboveground parts are cut and removed from the soil.
Wintering plants differs depending on the varieties. Evergreen or semi-evergreen daylilies may not tolerate extreme cold. These varieties require warm shelter. More adapted varieties tolerate frost well without outside intervention.
Suitable shelter for daylilies are peat, spruce branches, straw, sawdust, dry grass. Before covering the plant for the winter, you should definitely make sure that frosts are coming soon. Otherwise, the plant may rot and perish.
With all its unpretentiousness, for which gardeners love it, it is important to correctly choose a place for growing daylily. The soil should be rich in humus. If you have sod-podzolic soil, it is recommended to enrich it with peat, sand and mineral fertilizers. Heavy clay soils are not suitable for the cultivation of daylilies: moisture stagnates in them, because of the excess of which roots rot and fungal diseases appear.
A distinctive feature of the plant is its ability to grow in one place for a long time. It almost does not need transfers. Consider this factor when planting daylilies: the rhizome grows quickly and requires more space.
Flowers can be planted with seeds, air layering or separation. During seed multiplication, the selection characteristics are completely lost, which makes it possible to apply the method only to natural species of daylilies.
Before planting, it is recommended to soak the dug out plants in a disinfectant solution for 2 hours. This will prevent the reproduction of harmful microbes and fungi. Sick and dry roots should be removed immediately to stimulate the growth of new ones.
To plant a daylily, you need to dig a hole 30–35 cm deep, put a mixture of peat and humus on the bottom and put a flower.
Plant care is quite simple, just follow a few rules:
- During flowering, regularly remove wilted flowers and cut off the flowering stems. This should be done not only for beauty, but also for the extension of daylily blooms.
- Daylilies are not demanding to temperature. Cold and heat will not destroy the flower, so do not worry. However, gardeners noticed that in more illuminated areas, daylilies grow more intensively and suffer less.
- Due to its root system, the flower does not need regular watering, it is able to extract moisture from the soil. Watering the plant is recommended only for strong and prolonged droughts. When watering, try to avoid water on the petals, moisturizing only the roots.
- When planting daylilies it is recommended to feed them with mineral fertilizers. For full absorption of nutrients, before planting, the soil is watered abundantly. Additional feeding is made after the flowering of the main mass of buds.
Daylily: diseases and pests
The plant is not often attacked by pests and diseases. One of the most active is the mosquito, which lays the larvae in unblown buds. At the first detection of its traces, remove the bud with the eggs, and treat the plant with insecticide.
Daylilies are susceptible to fungal diseases. If the lesion is small, you can save the plants by spraying it with special formulations. In case of mass destruction, burn the diseased plants so that the fungus does not spread to other daylilies.
Another danger that awaits the flower is the rotting of the roots. In this case, the daylily must be removed from the soil and the roots thoroughly washed in potassium permanganate. After you can safely plant a flower in its place.
Daylilies are beautiful plants that will transform any flowerbed or garden. Due to the fact that the flower does not require careful maintenance, it is very appreciated by gardeners. A variety of varieties, textures and colors will satisfy even the most demanding taste.