In almost every backyard in the spring you can see air daffodils. But true connoisseurs and lovers of these beautiful flowers usually plant several plant varieties on their plots at once, so that they can please the eye as long as possible.
When can I transplant daffodils?
- You can replant daffodils in the last week of September and in early October. This allows the bulbs to take root until the onset of frost and not to go back to growth. Otherwise, the flowers may die. The depth of planting depends primarily on the size of the bulb and the composition of the soil. Usually it is equal to the height, which is 3 times the height of the bulb and is kept between 15 and 30 cm. If the soil is light, then the depth increases by 4 cm, and if it is heavy, it decreases by the same amount. The distance between the bulbs should not be less than 15 cm and more than 20 cm.
- It is necessary to make holes in the fertilized and previously dug earth. Put a small amount of sand on the bottom, which will provide drainage. Then plant the flowers, placing them at the desired depth and distance from each other. Then the wells should be watered, but it is not recommended to re-moisten strongly, since this can provoke rotting. To the bulbs are not frozen, it is desirable to cover the soil with dry grass or mulch.
- It is important not only to transplant daffodils, but also to provide them with proper care. During the growth on the beds it is recommended to weed weeding, loosening the soil, fertilizing and regular watering. The first fertilization should be carried out after the snow melts and you can remove the mulch. In the ground, you need to make a well rotted compost with humus or light inorganic fertilizers. After that, the rows must be covered with earth.
- The addition of complex mineral fertilizers to the soil, which is also desirable to apply during the ovary of buds and especially after flowering, will not interfere. After the daffodils have bloomed complex fertilizers should be added in this composition: phosphorus, potassium and sodium in the ratio of 1.5 to 1.5 to 1. After flowering for 20 days, daffodils and soil loosening and watering will be needed. In the same period, dried flowers should be removed, and in order for the daffodils to bloom next year, the leaves should be left on them until they are completely dry.
- Although daffodils are cold-resistant plants, but in too severe winters they can also suffer from severe frosts. Yes, and thaw in the winter they are affected negatively, forcing them to wake up ahead of time. And at the time of the return of cold weather, they suffer from low temperatures. To avoid this, the place of transplantation of daffodils should be mulched, and when low temperatures are established, the plant should be sheltered. When the threat of frost is over in the spring, mulch can be removed.
When to dig daffodils?
It is very important to make the digging of daffodils after a large nest of bulbs is formed on the old place. It is also necessary when the number of flowering shoots is significantly reduced. It is necessary to clean the bulbs immediately, as soon as the leaves fall and turn yellow. It is recommended to do this as early as possible so that late digging does not negatively affect the quality of the planting material.
Once the leaves turn yellow, but not completely dry, the bulbs of narcissus can also be dug. This usually happens in June.After that, the bulbs must be dried.
Then they are important to carefully study to remove those that are affected by diseases or pests. After which the bad bulbs are recommended to burn. Healthy bulbs of narcissus should be cleaned from old roots and soil, washed in water, disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate and dried in the open air. After that, clean in a well-ventilated area, protected from the sun with a temperature of +17degrees.
Planted daffodils recommended asymmetric groups. They are transplanted earlier than all other onion flowers, usually in August and September, which allows narcissists to settle down before winter.
When can I plant daffodils?
You can plant daffodils in the fall, especially when they grow. By the 3rd year of life, the young onion of the plant is filled with vital force and at this moment it can be just dug up for later transplanting in the fall. Next year you can already expect good flowering from the daughter bulbs. As the plants dry up every year, the quality of flowering gradually begins to weaken.
Grow daffodils in one place can be no more than 5 years. But in order not to dig daffodils every year, before planting the bulbs, you should carefully select the site for their planting. It should be well lit by the sun or be in partial shade. The soil is rich in nutrients, to be slightly acidic or neutral. When too acidic soil can be improved by adding ash. But since daffodils are too demanding of moisture, it is best to stop the choice on loamy soils that can retain moisture well.
The full-fledged care of daffodils after flowering includes the removal of dried buds, watering, weeding, loosening and feeding with complex mineral fertilizers for 6 weeks. You can also cut them, leaving leaves 2 cm long at the root. Then they should wither and dry naturally. Digging them in the first years of life is not necessary, especially if the ground was well prepared and fertilized before planting the bulbs. But for the winter daffodils should always be covered so that they do not get sick and die from temperature extremes. Adhering to such simple rules, you can grow daffodils of different varieties, having improved your garden.