Cypress - tree is incredibly beautiful and with its own characteristics. In particular, it can be safely transferred from the garden to the apartment and back without fear for the reaction of the plant. This is not characteristic of trees, except for tropical residents. In addition, this representative of the family of conifers is a long-liver, and there is no better replacement for pine or spruce for growing in a tub.
Cypress: photos and features of the plant
Total cypress genus has 7 species of trees, among which a smaller part came from the northern regions of America, and most - from East Asia. In particular, pea-cypress cypress in Japan is actively revered and stands out from all coniferous trees. However, not all species and varieties take root in the middle lane due to the unfavorable climate of the cold season. If lowering the temperature is not a problem for the trunk and needles, then the root system is prone to freezing.
From the classical cypress, these trees differ in their attitude to frost (they are more resistant to sub-zero temperatures) and the number of seeds under the scales of the cones. As well as its poor tolerance to drought.
Growing cypress any kind is possible only in the fresh air: summer cottage, loggia, etc. In the apartment he rarely takes root because of his demandingness to the light: few varieties tolerate shading, and a tree can receive a sufficient amount of sunlight only on the street. Especially given the short day in the winter in the middle lane. In addition, often cypress needs high humidity, which is also more likely to meet outdoor conditions than home. For the same reason, gardeners often focus on daily spraying of needles.
A blunt cypress tree is best tolerated by the harsh winter, brought to Europe from Japan, where it is revered as actively as the pea fruit. Although the tree growing in natural conditions reaches 25 m in height, today there are quite a few dwarf varieties.
Its branches are drooping, the crown is dense, cone-shaped, the bark is gray-brown, along which longitudinal cracks often pass. The needles are similar to small scales, has a deep green color that does not change over time. The variety "NanaGracilis" is most actively distributed in this species, and its only drawback is the ability to fade and dry in the spring sun with insufficient air humidity.
Planting and plant care
- The soil mix selected for most cypress species is humus with sod, as well as peat and sand. The overall ratio of the components is -3: 2: 2: 1. Before the sapling is lowered into a hole dug in advance, a mineral fertilizer must be applied, which is ideal as a mixture of peat and compost, connected to the ground.
- Planting and dredging cypress is necessary so that the root system is completely under the ground and when loosening for 10-15 cm in the near-stem circle does not look out. Additionally, it is desirable to keep the acidity of the substrate in the range of 4.5-5.5.
- It is unnecessarily active to feed a cypress tree in order not to provoke a change in the brightness of the needles. In the spring, you should wake up with Kemira near the tree trunk, and, closer to May, you should introduce nitroammophoska into the soil. Much more demanding a tree to watering: the usual rate for 1 plant - 1 bucket, which increases during droughty periods. In addition, the needles are constantly actively sprayed. In the hot season, so that the cypress does not burn out, it is obligatory pritenyut.
- Mulch the tree preferably in the spring, closing the root system and retaining moisture in the substrate. They use bark or peat for this, occasionally - sawdust stacked in layers up to 7 cm thick. In addition, cypress is not susceptible to diseases, and from pests only bark beetle is dangerous to it, eating bark, especially actively consuming the core of young shoots. As a result, his actions lead to the extinction of these zones, and even the complete destruction of cypress. The peak of activity at the beetle is in the middle and end of summer, only sick and weakened individuals are attacked. The only means of struggle in this situation is karbofos.
Lawson's cypress: key species characteristics
The Lawar's cypress of the variety "Alumii" can be mistaken by a ignorant person for a low spruce tree, since these plants are similar to each other in the shape of the crown and even the color of the needles. Its crown is conical, with a sharp apex, which expands significantly to the bottom. The adult tree is 8 meters high, not more than 4 meters wide. Young (up to 10 years old) is quite low, hardly more than 3 meters.
The annual growth is slow, only 20 cm. At the same time, the "Alimii" variety has a very high crown density, but its color is more interesting - a lilac color with a predominance of a blue subtone. The needles are tightly attached to the branch, for every 3rd year they fall off, lose their brightness with age, becoming gray-blue. This variety can grow in a shaded area, but strongly in need of sunlight. Like any cypress, "Alimii" important enough water in the substrate, as well as frequent loosening. In winter, the variety can freeze slightly.
"MinimaGlauca" is also a well-known variety, but its appearance has nothing to do with other representatives of Loveson's species. His crown is dense, but round, slightly stretched at the top. A young plant is short, only 0.5-0.7 m in height, an adult (15-20 years old) stretches to a bar of 2 m. The annual increment is, therefore, insignificant: 5-7 cm in height and in width. The same scaly and small needles, like other representatives of the Lavson species, are colored in bluish-green with a predominance of green. Depending on the season, the shade does not change.
The variety is also not very winter-resistant (below -27 ° does not tolerate), prefers shady areas, but also loves the sun. In addition, high humidity is important, so in Russia, Lawson's cypress is successfully grown only in the southern zones. The soil of this species appreciates loamy, tightly knit, with a sufficient amount of peat. Be sure to protect the tree from the north wind, planting at the slope.
How to grow cypress pea plant?
Pea cypress - the most frequent species of this family, planted in the suburban areas of the middle belt. Such a love for this plant from gardeners is due to increased cold resistance, allowing the tree to winter without any problems. However, if there is little snow, or it does not fall out at all, starting to melt right away, gardeners recommend warming cypress roots with spruce spruce branches, dry branches, peat, or the usual black covering material. The layer of organic shelter should be 8-10 cm so that the roots are not frozen. There is no need to fear the barrel.
A conifer with an annual growth of 15-20 cm and in height and width, its final size gains only by 40 years. Approximately by that moment it is pulled out by 9-10 m upwards. The crown formed is quite dense, conical, extending to the bottom with a maximum value of 5 m. A young plant at the age of 10 years barely reaches 2 m in height.
The needles of the cypress-cypress needle are needle, in the variety "PlumosaAurea" it has a golden-yellow color, which acquires crimson notes closer to autumn, and is kept in such condition during the winter. A variety of "Squarrosa" seems to be covered with frost because of the soft bluish-green needles with a silver coating on the inside. In autumn, its shade changes to brownish green.
A pea-cypress cypress, as no one else appreciates sunny areas, is not recommended to plant it even in a slightly shaded area. Basically, the lack of light will affect its foliage, as well as the growth rate. The soil should be constantly hydrated, so if summer is given dry, watering is done daily: up to 2 buckets per 1 plant. After it, the near-stem circle is loosening by 15–20 cm, occasionally weeds are removed. Although it is impossible for them to drown out the cypress, they can draw moisture and nutrients.
Additionally, it is desirable to spray the tree in the hot season. The fertility of the substrate should be moderate, because due to an excess of nutrients in the soil, the color of the needles of the pea growing cypress leaves its brightness.
Growing cypress in the open field is quite troublesome, but the tree is so decorative that many gardeners go for it. This plant is rarely grown in rooms, but if such a desire arises, it is worth knowing that only dwarf pea and Lawson cypress varieties are suitable for this, placed on the window sills on the sunny side. All recommendations regarding humidity and soil composition remain the same as for a tree growing on a summer cottage.