Recently, lovers of domestic plants are increasingly interested in such an exotic representative of flora as cyclomenia (cyclamen). The flower is very beautiful during flowering - pleasing the eye with various shades (about 20 species), it can be grown in a room in pots, in a greenhouse or in the yard. Some species of cyclamenia bloom in winter, which is not characteristic of many plants. What are the care requirements of cyclomenia during and after flowering?
Features of growing
If you intend to grow a flower from a tuber, follow these rules. Then your cyclomenia grows healthy, strong and beautiful.
- Storing a tuber at a low temperature can lead to the fact that at the right moment shoots simply do not "wake up".
- Excessive heat and stuffiness are not favorite atmospheric conditions for cyclamen. The optimum temperature is + 10-12 degrees, which is why the plant is more often planted outdoors.
- Planting and transplanting cyclopenia provide for a shallow immersion of the tuber into the soil (a third of the bulb must remain above the surface).
- Do not overdo it with mineral fertilizers.
- Capacity for seating does not require deep and wide.
Transplantation and care for cyclomenia
Reproduction undergoes only those plants in whose corms more than one growth point is found, which, we note, is extremely rare. Then you can seat by dividing the tuber. You need to be extremely careful, because damage to the bulb can cause the death of the plant. Therefore, new cyclomenia is more often grown from seed.
As for transplantation, such procedures should be carried out no more than once every two years, and then, if it is clearly visible that the flower in the pot is cramped. This is done in mid-October, literally just before flowering. Choose a pot with a total diameter of 70-80 mm (but not more than 150 mm). At the bottom of the tank is placed drainage (expanded clay), fresh substrate. The bulb sits together with the earthy clod. Powdered by two thirds of the soil, after which the soil should be compacted.
The cyclopenia just bought from the florist can only be transplanted during the rest period (when there are no flowers). The principle of transplant is described above. Bait plants allowed no earlier than one month after transplantation.
Caring for a plant involves watering, compliance with the conditions of detention, fertilizer, control of parasites and diseases (for example, when the leaves of cyclomenia turn yellow).
Watering: pallets or on the edge of the soil, to prevent overdrying of the soil, especially for the period of active growing season.
Conditions of detention:
- temperature regimes - from 10 to 16 degrees (flowering - 11-14), the higher, the faster the preservation of buds (on average, up to 3.5 months), at below 10 degrees the flower also feels uncomfortable;
- lighting - sunny side, but without direct rays;
- air humidity - maintained by spraying;
- soil - comfortably feels in the combined soil (leaf soil, humus, peat and sand;
- nutrition - complex compounds are necessary during growth and flowering;
- flower care after flowering - reducing watering, stopping feeding, keeping the pot in the dark and cool before awakening the corm.
Note that the leaves turn yellow and fall, the cuttings dry out. With the first signs of awakening need a transplant in fresh soil. Certain species of the plant (European cyclomenia) do not lose their greenery during the dormant period, but maintenance remains.
Fight against diseases and parasites:
- Fusarium wilt is a fungal disease, cyclomenia leaves turn yellow. Therapy: watering with baseol, spraying with topsin-M;
- wet rot - a bacterial disease, accompanied by a sudden wilting of the plant. Therapy: does not exist, only the destruction of plants and soil, in order to avoid infection of other plants;
- gray rot - a fungal disease caused by over-wetting of the soil, is determined by the appearance of gray mold on the leaves. Therapy: removal of affected areas of the plant, regulation of soil moisture and air, treatment with a fungicide;
- root rot - causes necrotic damage to the rhizome, which is why the color of the leaves and flowers of the plant turns pale. Therapy: treatment with a fungicide, although in most cases it is not possible to save the plant;
- black fungus - appears due to the life of aphids. Therapy: wiping the leaves with soapy water, rinsing with clean water, treatment with a fungicide;
- Anthracnose is a fungal infection harmful to a flowering plant. Therapy: maintaining low humidity, fungicide treatment, removal of affected areas.
At first glance it seems that it is very difficult to care for cyclomenia. But it is not so, having gotten the right maintenance of the plant, you will not have any problems with care. In turn, the ornamental plant will delight you with stunning color, creating a special atmosphere around.