Crocuses- perennial bulbous plants that bloom early and bloom not for long. They belong to the Iris family and reach a height of 25 cm. Crocus blooming lasts about 10 days, after which the flowers wither. In the middle of June, the leaves of crocuses wither, and a period of complete rest begins.
Crocus buds can be of different colors: white, yellow, blue, lilac. There are about 100 species of crocuses. The homeland of flowers is considered the south and east of Europe. They also grow in Asia, Crimea and the Caucasus.
If you decide to grow crocuses, first select large and healthy bulbs. Inspect the bulbs - they should not be damaged and rot. If all the bulbs are healthy, you can begin to choose the place of crocus planting. Crocuses grow best in sunny areas, but you can plant a plant in partial shade, in which case crocus flowers will be small and not so bright.
Crocuses do not tolerate stagnant water in the soil, so when choosing a planting place, choose a place where water will not stagnate. Crocuses love loose, light and fertile soil. If you plant crocuses in clay soil, add a little sand - so they will grow better. Before planting, it is recommended to fertilize the soil with compost or manure. Then dig up the soil and you can plant the bulbs.
Spring crocuses are planted in autumn (September-October), and autumn ones are planted in mid-July. Large crocus bulbs are planted to a depth of 10 - 12 cm, and small ones - by 4 - 5 cm. The distance between the bulbs is not recommended to be less than 4 cm.
How to care for crocuses?
- When the first green crocus shoots appear, loosen the soil around the plant a little. Water crocuses regularly during the flowering period - crocuses need a sufficient amount of moisture, otherwise they will wither and never bloom.
- Crocuses need to be fertilized to ensure long and effective flowering. The first time they are fertilized before the start of growth, the second time - when the buds begin to form, and the third time - when the plants bloom. For top dressing it is better to use phosphate and potash fertilizers. The first time feeding is done in a ratio of 1: 2, and for the second and third feeding - 1: 1. Phosphorus crocuses are needed for flowering, and potassium is needed for the formation of large and healthy bulbs.
- IMPORTANT!Crocuses are not recommended to be grown in one place for more than 4 years, otherwise, with each subsequent year the soil is exhausted, and crocus flowers become smaller and smaller.
- Crocuses can withstand temperatures down to -18 degrees, but gardeners still recommend warming the plants with dry leaves or grass during cold and frost periods.
- In order to save crocuses from rodents, it is recommended to dig out the bulbs after flowering. After digging, throw out damaged and discolored bulbs. Then the crocus bulbs are dried and cleaned in a warm and dry place. Crocus bulbs are stored until the next planting.
- Crocuses tolerate various diseases and pests. To protect the flowers from rotting, make sure that water does not stagnate in the soil, and the bulbs are not affected by aphid. To get rid of aphids, treat crocus bulbs with insecticide.
Crocuses are beautiful plants that can come to terms with poor lighting, poor soil and lack of moisture, but in this case the flowers will be small and unsightly. For crocus flowers to be large and beautiful, the plant needs proper care.
By creating favorable conditions for growing crocuses, you will receive beautiful flowers and be able to give joy and warmth to yourself and your loved ones!