Yellow, sunny and, moreover, completely unpretentious flowers of coriopsis are loved by many gardeners. The family of this herbaceous plant has more than a hundred species and pleases with lush flowering from the beginning of the summer to frosts. The most widely used coreopsis is a perennial, planting and caring for which does not require much effort and time. Lush bushes with bright yellow flowers will decorate any garden, flower bed or curb.
South and North America is considered the birthplace of coreopsis. In decorative breeding there are more than 30 varieties: terry and daisy-like, tall and not very much, annuals and perennials. Coreopsis flowers are on average 5-7 cm in diameter, the height of the bush itself is from 30 cm, some varieties reach 100-120 cm in height. The bright flowers of the perennial Coreopsis create a warm and cozy atmosphere regardless of the size of the plant.
Varieties, most often found on household plots
- Coreopsis whorled - very gentle and airy plant with a thin branched stem and sparse petals. Height from 60 to 90 cm. Very actively grows in the rhizome and the bush itself, therefore it requires a lot of space for planting - 50-60 cm.
- "Golden Ball" - a plant of medium height (40-60 cm), with large double flowers. Branched bush with numerous bright yellow buds. Blooms very profusely throughout the season, until frost.
- Coreopsis lanceolate grows 30-60 cm tall. The petals of the flower are yellow, with serrated tips, at the center of a maroon color.
- Coreopsis krupnotsvetkovy - one of the highest representatives of the species, reaches a height of 90-100 cm. Flowers - 8 cm in diameter; their petals are tubular, bright yellow.
All these are perennial herbaceous plants with erect stems. The leaves at the base are larger, much smaller towards the top. Regardless of the height, these representatives of the flora do not require support.
Coreopsis perennial: planting and care
Coreopsis is propagated by dividing an adult bush or by seeds, including self-sowing.
For seedlings, seeds are sown in the first half of April in a greenhouse or at home on a windowsill. And in the open ground transplanted plants in late May, when the probability of frost disappears. You can sow the seeds and immediately into the open ground (in May), but then the coreopsis will rejoice with flowering only next year.
At one place the plant can grow for a long time, but once in 3-5 years the bush is worth dividing and planting. It is recommended to planting at the end of spring or at the beginning of autumn so that the plant can be taken before the onset of cold weather.
Landing is recommended in very wet ground; in the hole before planting it is desirable to add organic fertilizer.
Coriopsis bushes are lush and grow quickly. Therefore, when planting, observe the distance between them - about 30 cm, and for high varieties it increases to 50 cm.
- The perennial coreopsis flower is absolutely unassuming in the care: there are no special requirements for soil or irrigation. The only prerequisite for this American guest is the sun, lots of light. In the shade or partial shade, it loses its decorative effect, pulls the stems too much and blooms a little. Best of all, he will feel in the open air or on the south side of the house.
- The soil, as already mentioned, can be any: suitable and fertile, and very poor. In the case of the latter, it is still recommended to conduct periodic fertilizing during flowering with solutions of mineral fertilizers.
- Make sure that the earth is not dense, loosen it as needed: it is important that the roots breathe. Coreopsis does not like dense and very wet soil.
- Weed regularly.
- Although coreopsis tolerates moisture deficiency quite well, in a hot and arid period it is worthwhile to somewhat increase its watering.
- For greater pomp of the bush and abundant flowering, it is necessary to cut off the old peduncles.
- The plant overwinters in the open field. Before wintering, the stems are cut almost at the root. If your region is characterized by moderate frost for winter, then you can not cover the outlet. But if this time of the year is harsh, then it is better to warm coreopsis with fallen leaves.
Beautiful appearance, unpretentiousness and ease of care make perennial coriopsis ideal plant for flower beds, flower beds. They will decorate your garden. Low varieties can grow in pots, containers on the balcony, suitable for early forcing. Tall species are used for cutting. A bouquet of coreopsis will stand in the water for a long time and bring a touch of sunny mood to the room.