Part of the flowers grown in summer cottages carry not only a decorative function, but also often become health assistants. These representatives of the flora include kupena from the genus of lilies, although not all of its species are suitable for medicinal purposes.
Kupena fragrant: features of the species
There are no more than 50 species of kupene distributed throughout the world, mainly concentrated in Asia and Europe. Two main varieties are grown in Russia: a fragrant or medicinal kupena used in pharmacology, and a multi-flowered kupena more often used for decorative purposes.
This plant is distinguished by a fairly powerful root system, several upright stems, often located at a slight inclination. In height, they sometimes reach 1.3–1.5 m. Wide lanceolate leaves on the stems grow vertically, as a result of which it seems that they are planted on it. And beyond the size of the leaf, small tubular flowers looking out of the sinuses, looking down, are often not noticed. They have a pale yellow color on the edges, coming down on the "no" to the center. In some species, the petals in cream and pink scales with a double-edged frame. At the end of flowering fruits appear on the coupe, which cannot be consumed: they are toxic to humans.
The fragrant kupena refers to perennial plants, does not reach a height of 70 cm: average values for a bush are 40-60 cm. Leaves range from 10 to 14 cm, width - 2-5 cm. On the back side they are rough and dull, with silvery, glossy on the front, dark green. The plant has a branched and long root. On the pedicle, there are 1-2 white flowers that open at the end of May. Dark blue fruit berries appear in late June. In nature, medicinal bathing can be found on the edges and between shrubs, in coniferous forests.
Medicinal Kupena: Use in Pharmacology
In fragrant kupeny, as in other species, the fruits are inedible, because they provoke vomiting. But its rhizome, dug out of the ground until the fall, is very much appreciated. Interestingly, with careful consideration of the root, one can find on it peculiar round marks and indentations located where the previously dead parts were located. Because of this feature, the bathhouse is often called the "Solomon seal."
In pharmacology, the rhizome of the kupene is used to restore and soothe the mucous membrane of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, since its decoction has an enveloping effect. For this reason, there are frequent cases of use of kupen for gastritis, ulcers and other diseases. In addition, the same broths based on the root of the kupena become a remedy against ARI of the upper respiratory tract, diabetes, problems of the joints, jaundice, as well as violations of potency in men. Not to mention the ability of the juice from the fresh rhizomes of the kupeni to disinfect wounds and speed up the process of their healing.
Traditional medicine is not limited to the above: an infusion of the herb kupene is used to reduce the temperature during an acute respiratory viral infection, the root helps to alleviate the condition of the ponoronchitis, relieve back pain, especially with herniated intervertebral disks, reduce tumors. Tibetan medicine recognizes the rhizome of the kupen as a means of restoring and cleansing the lymphatic system, as well as helping to relieve rapid heartbeat, which makes kupnu an assistant in arrhythmia.
It is interesting that kupena is also used in folk cosmetology: the juice from its rhizome is able to lighten pigment spots and reduce freckles. Sometimes they turn to it to reduce bruises, eliminate skin rashes and scabs. Experts insist on consulting a doctor before using the buried inside due to the toxicity of the plant.
Many-flowered kupena: type features
The many-flowered kupena, like most other species of this plant, is a perennial. Externally, it has a smaller bush height - from 30 to 60 cm, narrower (up to 4 cm) leaves, reaching only 11 cm in length, as well as a large number of flowers on the pedicle, as the name suggests. Instead of the usual 1-2, there are 5 of them in the multi-flowered pool. They have 6 teeth, are not smooth inside, the color is mostly white, sometimes a green undertone appears.
The flowering period begins in June, ends by mid-July, after which blue-black berries appear in August, from which the plant can be propagated. Outwardly, a multi-flowered kupena fairly resembles a lily of the valley, which is why it received its alternative name - “deaf lily of the valley”.
There are a lot of positive features in the cultivation of a multi-flowered bastard: it is unpretentious and ready to settle on any soil, not afraid of a short-term excess moisture in the soil. It blooms well even in the shade and is resistant to most diseases affecting flowers. Planting does not require transplantation either, it lives there, where it was planted, for 15 years. However, gardeners recommend completely digging out the rhizome and moving it to a new place every 3-4 years.
Reproduction of kupena occurs with seeds that are not so easy to get. Fruits are fastened on a plant only when it is pollinated by long-trunk bumblebees, therefore it is necessary to buy seeds. For this reason, the method of dividing the rhizome, which is produced in August, after the formation of buds, is in much more active demand. If, however, a seed breeding method has been chosen for a multi-flowered kupeny, the procedure should be carried out in the middle of autumn, laying the seeds where the plant will be for the next few years. Shoots after sowing will appear only in the next season.
Kupena: features of planting and care
Few people propagate a coupen independently, so the question of sowing it usually does not arise. Unlike a number of other perennials, this plant begins to bloom only in the 3rd year of its life, and therefore it is much more convenient for most gardeners to purchase ready seedlings to wait for flowers in the current season. The division and reproduction of the kupena is carried out through the rhizome: the side parts are cut off, which occurs closer to the autumn, and are planted in the shade along the fence. Such a choice of location is due to the fact that kupena rather quickly forms a lush, sprawling bush, and in a short time creates dense thickets.
If the buta is planted on the site through the division of rhizome, its parts are deepened by 8-10 cm with a free zone of 20 cm near each. From above, the landing site must be mulched, using for this purpose peat, humus or rotted leaves. The growth of rhizomes takes 1-2 years: during this period sprawling bushes appear, intermingling with each other shoots and forming a curtain.
In the matter of the chemical composition of the soil, the bathing is not demanding: it should not be planted only in areas saturated with clay. pH is desirable to keep neutral or with a weak acidification of the soil, and before planting to make it peat or compost. To drain the substrate is not necessary. It is much more important to plant the plant in a shaded area so that it does not fall into direct sunlight. Well prizhivetsya kupena under the canopy of trees or large shrubs.
The plant treats watering favorably, it is not even afraid of an occasional excess of moisture. She also likes fertilizing in the form of organic fertilizers, but it is worth spending it once a year. Even there is no need to save it from weeds: wide leaves themselves serve as a preventive measure against them. No other actions to take care of the bath need not be taken. Diseases do not touch her, and only in rare cases does it become necessary to treat the curtain with insecticide, since slugs and caterpillars are not averse to feasting on its leaves.
Despite the fact that this plant is a perennial, every year the upper part of its rhizome dies, as a result of which the cold is experienced only by the underground root. Therefore, it is not necessary to cover the bathhouse even in the case of a snowless winter.
Even if the flowers of the kupena turn out to be unnoticed, the foliage and the stems will play the role of a decorative hedge in your garden, and against their background the dicenters and freezers will play with new colors. In addition, you will certainly enjoy kupena as an element of a bouquet.