One of the most beautiful aquarium fish, possessing also an interesting character, is considered to be a cockerel. His homeland is Thailand. This species was among the first to be introduced to Europe from Asian countries in 1892. Today, everyone has the opportunity to decorate their aquarium fish, cockerel. It remains only to find out what she needs care and maintenance.
The main features of the form
The aquarium fish cockerel differs slightly elongated oval body shape, flattened at the sides. The size of these inhabitants of the underwater depths is about 4-5 cm (depending on the type and gender). Veiltails bred by breeders can reach 10 cm in length. The shape of the fins of these aquarium fish is different. The tail and located on the back are rounded, and the pectorals are pointed at the end.
How to distinguish the female from the male?
It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes. However, do not focus only on these signs. With quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size. And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Why do I need to study the differences between males and females cock? This will allow you to pick up and prepare for spawning a couple of interesting fish. In addition, the presence of only 1 male and 1 female reduces the likelihood of regular fighting, the victims of which may be other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Focusing on the following signs, you can easily understand the sexual differences of these representatives of the Betta family:
- male body spindly, elongated. The females are more prominent: their body is thickened at the head, at the peritoneum (at the location of the calf) it is slightly curved;
- in royal and other voile types of males, females are inferior to males in the length of the tail and fins;
- representatives of the short-tail form - Plakat - are more difficult to distinguish. Males are recognizable only by the length of the abdominal and anal fins. The latter also has a pointed form;
- in adult females, ready for spawning, a grain appears at the anal fin (at the point where the oviposition ends outside);
- in males, which are distinguished by a light color (marble and pastel species) that are fully ready for spawning females, can be distinguished by a rounded tummy, inside which the calf is noticeable;
- before spawning, dark rocks acquire additional decoration - vertical stripes crossing the body. Such a distinctive feature is characteristic of females.
A variety of types of cockerels
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, modern aquarists can choose not only fish with a color of one or two colors, but also representatives of the labyrinth sub-order, in the colors of which all the colors of the rainbow are mixed. The tail shape is especially noticeable in these fish:
- in the form of a crown or crescent;
- with 2 swords (like of the Sword);
- round and delta shaped;
- in the form of a flag or brush;
- lush royal.
What is it worth to get betta fish, or cockerels?
In addition to the beauty and diversity of species, the unique character of these fish deserves a special mention. Their original feature is a special respect for the opponent. Even during the most fierce fighting, the males give each other the opportunity to rise to the surface of the water and inhale a portion of atmospheric air.
And the beauty and grace of the process of spawning fish can not be expressed in words! Each scale of cockerels during this period acquires a special color saturation. Interesting and special "dance", which the male invites his lady to proceed to the nest he created from the foam. And even usually nondescript females are completely transformed - there is something to admire!
Rules for keeping fish
For the maintenance of one individual, an aquarium of 5 liters is enough. What else will make you happy cock cock? Care and maintenance of this pet is not complicated by the need to install aeration systems. He is able to breathe not only oxygen dissolved in water, but also atmospheric air. This feature is ensured by the presence of a special labyrinth in the fish - an additional organ of respiration, the shape of which resembles a spiral. Rising to the surface of the water, the cockerel swallows air. That, in turn, passes through the maze, saturating the blood vessels located here. Exhaust air is discharged through the gills.
The second important thing to consider before buying cockerels is that this fish is from the tropics. Therefore, the ideal temperature of its content ranges from 24 to 29 degrees. The acidity of water is 6.0-8.0, and the level of its hardness is from 4 to 15 dGH.
If you are interested in how to care for a cockerel fish, please note that for your pets to feel well it is important that the aquarium is at least a few hours a day illuminated by the diffused rays of the sun. Alternatively, a special aquarium lighting system can be used.
This fish is not picky, and it is suitable for live, dry and frozen food: daphnia, bloodworm, tubule, etc. The main rule to be taken into account by an aquarist is limiting portions. The males have an immoderate appetite, which often leads them to overeating, obesity and infertility. That is why you need to feed them in the morning and evening, a little bit.
Diseases and their prevention
Fin rot - the main enemy from which attacks any cockerel suffers. Care and maintenance of this species of the labyrinth family should include measures to prevent the development of fungal and bacterial infections.
To prevent the appearance of fin rot, it is important to promptly clean up the filter, replace some of the water (up to 25% per week) and arrange for new fish quarantine. In addition, you can add to the aquarium special salt at the rate of 0.5 tsp. 3 liters of water. Good drugs for the prevention and treatment of fin rot are Antibac, Malachite Green, and Sera Baktopur.
Breeding cockerels, feeding the young
At observance of all rules of keeping cockerels, a varied diet, a sufficiently high temperature and a normal level of water hardness and acidity, mature fish can start building a nest. A male cockerel takes a portion of air into his mouth, "rolls" it, enveloping him with saliva, and releases it to the surface of the water, strengthening the structure with pieces of Riccia and other small algae.
Ready to spawn a couple is best seated. At the same time, it is important for future parents to provide good care and a variety of feed (best of all alive). The signal for readiness to spawn is the rounded tummy of the female, as well as the appearance of a small white grain near her anus.
The first to spawn (an aquarium with a water volume of up to 10 liters, poured in a layer of 15 cm and heated to 26-28 degrees) is released to the male. It is he who is responsible for creating the nest and the subsequent care of caviar.
Be sure to make a shelter for the female in one of the corners of the spawning ground - land thick algae there. At the end of the process of spawning, she will only interfere with the male, who, in the heat of fulfilling his father’s duty, can simply hammer her chosen one to death.
Having completed the construction of the nest, the couple proceeds to the mating games. The male performs a full of passion dance, straightening his fins and beaming with all the shades of his main color. With these "pa" he lures the female under the nest, bends in an arc, intercepting it across the torso and squeezing the eggs out of it. At the same time, the male produces milk. Part of the fertilized calf rises in the nest, the rest sinks to the bottom. At the end of the process, the male chases away the female (she may fuss, destroy the nest and eat the eggs), and proceeds to collect the fallen eggs. At this point, the female better gently otsadit.
For 2-3 days, the male watches the roe, and then the larvae that hatch in 1-1.5 days. As soon as the fry begin to leave the nest, the male is removed, and the water level is reduced to 7 cm, then a little aeration is switched on, since the labyrinth apparatus is formed in babies only at 4-6 weeks of age. After this period, the water level can be raised.
The optimal food for young cockerels is the ciliate-slipper, micro-worm, mashed and washed boiled egg yolk. Grown fry willingly eat shredded tubule and nautilia Artemia. As the fishes develop, they need to be sorted by size.
What kind of fish does a cockerel live with?
Do not forget that the new pet has a cool temper. Therefore, if you like the cockerel fish, compatibility with other fish should be a priority issue, which is still to be studied.
- Mollies (and other viviparous);
- speckled soma and taracatum;
Far more complex relationships with cockerels arise with large, bright fish, as well as with the inhabitants of aquariums, differing in their belligerent temper: parrot fish, black-striped tshilazomami, barbs, talapias, discus. All of them can tear off your pet's bright fins and be attacked by him.
It is also undesirable to keep the following fish in the same aquarium with cockerels:
- melano- and yulidochromisomes.
To prevent fights when keeping several male cockerels, glass partitions with holes should be used in the aquarium for better aeration of water and algae “screens”.