Experienced gardeners, farmers, and amateur gardeners try to fertilize the soil cover every sowing season and saturate it with useful elements and microorganisms. Mostly in private and country houses, the owners contain various poultry, most often chickens. Chicken dung as an organic fertilizer has a number of useful properties and a positive effect on the soil. You will learn how to properly collect excrement, apply and store it in this article.
What crops can fertilize chicken droppings?
This is the most affordable natural fertilizer. Its chemical composition is very diverse. The litter contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium.
Many have heard about the beneficial properties of chicken excrement, but not everyone knows how to properly breed litter and what crops they can fertilize. Use chicken manure is allowed for feeding fruit trees and perennial shrubs. For fertilizing the soil under trees and shrubs, it is allowed to use litter not in its pure form, but with litter. This is very convenient - you do not have to select clean litter, and you don’t need to throw the resulting mixture during the cleaning of the hen house - it is perfect as an organic fertilizer.
In order for the adult tree to get maximum nutrients, you need to use 1 litter bucket when feeding. For the season, you can feed the apple, pear, plum, apricot, cherry plum 3-4 times. Just do not need to pour litter directly under the root system. Care should be taken when dressing shrubs. Specialists have developed certain proportions that should be followed when breeding litter.
Chicken dung is used to feed onions, garlic and other greens, but it should be noted that these crops cannot be fertilized during the period of active growth. It is best to apply fertilizer to the soil during the growing season, when the ovary itself is absent. But cabbage, tomatoes, eggplants, beets and pumpkin love this fertilizer.
Berries also love this organic fertilizer, but it is not recommended to feed them at the time of flowering or fruiting. Use litter should be at least three months before waking up, for example, strawberries or strawberries.
Features of collection and storage
Chicken droppings can be collected when cleaning in a chicken coop. As already mentioned, fertilizer with litter impurities also has beneficial properties and is enriched with nutrients for soil cover. When collecting you need to be careful, because the chicken feces contain a large number of helminthic eggs. Therefore, before entering the chicken coop for cleaning and collecting litter, wear a suit and rubber gloves. You can collect it with a rake, and then pack it into boxes, barrels or buckets using a spatula.
Chicken dung is a highly concentrated mixture emitting methane and ammonia. That is why it must not only be properly applied to the soil, but also stored. Experienced farmers advise to keep litter mixed with peat, because in its pure form it dries quickly. For long storage, make a compost pit. You can create a loose pit and litter mix, for example, with horse, cow or rabbit manure. The layer of chicken manure should not exceed 6 cm. The period of ripening and decaying of such a heap is approximately from one and a half month to six months.
How to make a good feeding from chicken litter?
For breeding and preparation of fertilizers should strictly follow the established proportions. If you put most of the excrement, the root system of plants can simply be burned. It is generally accepted to dilute the litter with water in a proportion of 1:50. To make the mixture not too concentrated, water can be added twice as much.
For the preparation of top dressing from chicken manure three methods are mainly used:
- liquid mixture;
- dry and granular fertilizer.
So that you can properly fertilize and benefit the soil and crops, rather than harm them, certain proportions should be observed. In the table below you can see the proportions for feeding some crops.
Type of fertilized culture
The main type of soil treatment
3 kg per 1 m2
(possible in autumn and spring)
Based on 1 l per 1 well (no more than 3 times during the aging period)
About 3 kg per 1 m2 (allowed only in autumn)
Based on 3 liters per 1 m2
Approximately 7 kg per 1 m2 (allowed only in spring)
At the rate of 5 l per 1 m2
(necessarily after dressing perform normal watering)
About 4 kg per 1 m2 (spring only)
Can not be fed
About 4 kg per 1 m2 (autumn only)
Do not do top dressing
The liquid mixture should be diluted with water: one part of the manure to 50 or 100 parts of water.
As you can see, chicken manure is a very valuable, useful and rich organic fertilizer. It should be used in accordance with the established proportions, since due to its strong concentration the plants can be harmed.