Cherry is a shrub or tree plant. In height, it can reach seven meters. However, everything will depend on what sort of cherry you are faced with.
It is believed that the native habitat of cherry falls on the Black Sea coast and Crimea. Only over time did the cherry bushes spread widely throughout the European territory.
Cherry genus includes more than one hundred and thirty kinds of cherries.
So, for example, cherry felted is becoming increasingly popular as an element of decorative furniture. It is also called Chinese cherry. The name it came together for a reason, the fact is that this species grows in China, and is also characteristic of Japan. As in the territory of our country, and in their homeland cherry felt is used as an ornamental plant, as well as for the harvest of berries. This species group is very cold-resistant, and this was one of the factors of its resettlement in the middle zone of our country. Felt cherry reaches a height of two meters in height.
Most often in our gardens there is our "native" ordinary cherry. Here it is, and reaches seven meters in height. Differs in strong branched branches, covered with gray-brown bark. The leaves are oblong and pointed at the tips.
During the flowering period, you can observe white or gently pink flowers, which are not arranged separately, but are collected in neat, not large inflorescences.
The fruit of the cherry consists of pits and dense flesh, covered with red glossy sandpaper.
In general, if we talk about the varieties of cherries, which are most often found on the territory of our country, then they all differ in winter hardiness, since our winters are cold and well developed, powerful root system.
So, in addition to the above cherries ordinary and Chinese, in our gardens you can find such fashionable varieties as:
- Menzelinskaya cherry, which is a shrub plant that reaches two - two and a half meters in height. The shape of the bush is spreading, containing many thin, long branches;
- The lighthouse - this variety is smaller up to one and a half meters and no more than with a well-developed crown in a shape resembling a ball, bears fruit in the third year and is distinguished by high yield;
- A vole is a weeping-shaped cherry shrub that will grow to a maximum height of up to two meters, it is notable for its average yield and small fruits;
- Resistant - the variety is the least common with an average yield;
- Shokoladnitsa is a relatively recently bred varietal group, it reaches a height of two to two and a half meters and is characterized by an average yield, and most importantly, this variety is resistant to diseases.
It's no secret that cherry is grown due to the fruits that it gives. We use them in natural form, as well as close them in conservation, make jam, jelly and use for the manufacture of many more other product names.
However, the same shrub varieties of cherries are often used for decorating garden plots. Cherry looks great both independently and in combination with other representatives of hardwood. Common hedges of cherries. This is a very convenient plant, since the more crop units you plant, the more you will get a harvest, and a fairly large amount of planting material is required to form a hedge.
They are planting cherries in the spring, as the winter with its frosts will damage the still weakened root system.
When planting, the distance between the plants is two meters, if there are more than one cherry row, then two to two and a half meters of the territory are allocated to the aisle.
The landing pits should be forty to forty-five centimeters deep, and be up to fifty to sixty centimeters wide.
The soil that you dug from the planting pit, mix with humus, taking it in the same amount as the ground. It is also better not to forget to add up to forty grams of superphosphate and up to twenty to twenty five grams of potassium chloride in this mixture you received. If the soil layer is clay, then it is desirable to dilute it with sand. For this procedure, you should have up to one - one and a half buckets of dry sand.
If the root system of seedlings is dry, then before planting, hold them in water for three to four hours.
At the bottom of the planting pit, fill the mounds of the prepared planting mixture and plant your young plants. Do not bury the plant. The root neck must be at the same level with the upper soil layer. Accordingly, if you overdone and the root is bare, then pour the ground, and if you deepened, then slightly dig up your landing.
After planting, do not forget to water your seedlings.
Caring for cherries is reduced to loosening between rows, the introduction of mineral fertilizers in the spring and summer periods, the elimination of weeds, as well as damaged, old and diseased branches.
For the whole summer it will be enough to loosen the soil twice.
Keep the soil under the cherry during the flowering and fruiting period is loose.
Since the cherry has a tendency to the formation of too dense crown, then correctly approach the issue of thinning the shrub. But if the bush has suffered from frosts or is weakened by a bountiful harvest, then it is best to hold off the trimming.