Celosia is a herbaceous annual or perennial plant with beautiful paniculate or comb-like inflorescences. Translated from the Greek celosia means "flaming, burning, fiery," which corresponds to its appearance. You can easily grow Cellosia from seeds in your plot, turning it into a beautiful flower garden.
The height and appearance of celosia depends on the particular variety. As a rule, the height of the plant reaches 30 - 90 cm. There are about 60 species in the crop, but gardeners prefer to grow combed and pinnate.
Cellosia comb: features of cultivation
Celiac celosia belongs to the amaranth family. The leaves are egg-shaped with a pointed end. They are smooth, green or dark purple. Flowers are quite small, gathered in beautiful large comb inflorescences. This species will delight you with its bloom from the end of June to the most frost (October-November).
The fruit of cellosia is a box containing round seeds of black color. Seeds retain their germination up to 5 years. This plant is ideal for making ikebana.
Cellosia seeds for seedlings are planted in March or early April. If you decide to plant them in open ground, you will have to wait until June. Seeds are planted in boxes when the seedlings grow up, seedlings are transplanted into separate pots (at least 7 cm in diameter). The temperature for them must be maintained within + 17 + 20 degrees. Watering is necessary regularly, but do not overdo it, otherwise, seedlings may rot.
The first shoots appear after 5 - 7 days. In open ground, seedlings can be planted when the air temperature warms up to + 15 + 20 degrees. Even small frosts are detrimental to celosia. In the soil, seedlings are planted at a distance of 15 - 20 cm from each other. If the variety is large-flowered, the distance should be even greater.
It is recommended to plant coelia comb in an illuminated place, but it still needs to be enclosed from direct sunlight. It is also recommended to protect the plant from the wind. The temperature should be constant, because celosia reacts poorly to its drops. The soil of the plant prefers neutral sour and loose. Make sure that there is no water stagnation. It is necessary to water combosia cellosia in the morning with warm water.
It is necessary to feed a flower 2 times a month with complex fertilizers intended for indoor plants. Organic fertilizers can use compost and bone meal.
Of the diseases of celiac disease most often affects the "black leg". This is a fungal disease that can be avoided by treating the soil with insecticide before planting. The presence of the disease can be recognized by the blackening of the stem at the base.
The main cause of the disease is excessive watering, excess organic fertilizer, adverse temperature, etc. To prevent fungus, before sowing, soak the seeds in the solution of potassium permanganate. Fry the soil at a temperature of 100 degrees and spill also with a saturated solution of potassium permanganate.
If the plant is already sick, it is necessary to plow through the soil, sprinkle copiously with charcoal powder or pour soda solution, onion peel extract or marigold tea. During the illness should reduce watering.
Circulate celosia: planting and care
- This plant has a tropical origin and is painted in bright colors. It needs direct sunlight. For the cultivation of seeds, it is desirable to pick up the soil of 2/3 of loam, 1/3 of leafy humus, add a little rotten manure and sand. The soil should be well drained.
- If you grow celesy pinnate in a pot, you must constantly moisturize the ground. The flower requires regular watering at the same time. The plant will grow better if from spring to autumn every month you make water-soluble fertilizers.
- The reproduction of celesia penis is carried out by planting seeds. In the period from February to April they are planted in small pots at a temperature of + 13 + 16 degrees. The soil in which the seeds are placed should be warm. When the seedlings reach 3 cm in height, they can be transplanted into separate pots, but also kept warm (preferably in the greenhouse).
- For some time, the celesy plumose should be kept in a greenhouse, then suddenly placed in an environment with a lower temperature and stop watering until the soil dries. Flowers that look better than others should be transplanted into pots again and placed in a greenhouse. To achieve the best result, feed the plant with liquid fertilizer.
- If you want to transplant celesium feathery into the garden, you will have to wait for the warm weather, otherwise, the plant may die.
- Cellosia plumose is used in flower beds, groups, for single plantings and for bouquets. Dwarf flowers are grown in pots and to decorate balconies facing the sunny side.
How to grow celesia paniculata?
This flower will be a wonderful decoration of any garden. Many growers love this plant for the variety of flowers and spectacular inflorescences. The appearance of celesia resembles a broom, which corresponds to its name. Celosia paniculata was bred by selection of celosia silver.
Celesia paniculata is represented by several subspecies, each of which is different in height. Low-growing species reach 15 - 40 cm in height and are grown as container and border plants. Tall celosia paniculata can reach 1 m in height and be used to make bouquets.
This plant propagates by seedlings, but some growers grow it by direct sowing of seeds in open ground. Cellosia seeds are planted on the soil surface in peat pots with a substrate. Crates of crops covered with glass or plastic wrap. Do not forget to water and air the soil in a timely manner. For a week of proper care should appear first shoots.
If the seedlings are very thick, you can thin them out. When the first leaves appear, they need to be dived. After spring frosts, the flower is transplanted to a permanent place about 20 cm apart. The soil for cellosia paniculata should be fertile, with humus and well drained. On poor soil, the flower grows less decorative.
Celosia paniculata prefers sufficiently illuminated areas, protected from strong wind. The plant loves warmth and regular watering.
Celosia is a beautiful and unpretentious plant that can be easily grown from seeds. The main thing that the flower needs is timely watering and fertile soil. Simple care makes available the cultivation of some types of celosia, even novice gardeners.